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Subject[6/7] dst: crypto processing.
Date
DST may fully encrypt the data channel in case of untrusted channel and implement
strong checksum of the transferred data. It is possible to configure algorithms
and crypto keys, they should match on both sides of the network channel.
Crypto processing does not introduce noticeble performance overhead, since DST
uses configurable pool of threads to perform crypto processing.

This patch introduces crypto processing helpers and crypto engine initialization:
glueing with the crypto layer, allocation and initialization of the crypto
processing thread pool, allocation of the cached pages, which are used to temporary
encrypt data into, since it is forbidden to encrypt data in-place, since pages
are used by the higher layers.

Signed-off-by: Evgeniy Polyakov <zbr@ioremap.net>

diff --git a/drivers/block/dst/crypto.c b/drivers/block/dst/crypto.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..7250f90
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/block/dst/crypto.c
@@ -0,0 +1,731 @@
+/*
+ * 2007+ Copyright (c) Evgeniy Polyakov <zbr@ioremap.net>
+ * All rights reserved.
+ *
+ * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
+ * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
+ * the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
+ * (at your option) any later version.
+ *
+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/crypto.h>
+#include <linux/dst.h>
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/scatterlist.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+/*
+ * Tricky bastard, but IV can be more complex with time...
+ */
+static inline u64 dst_gen_iv(struct dst_trans *t)
+{
+ return t->gen;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Crypto machinery: hash/cipher support for the given crypto controls.
+ */
+static struct crypto_hash *dst_init_hash(struct dst_crypto_ctl *ctl, u8 *key)
+{
+ int err;
+ struct crypto_hash *hash;
+
+ hash = crypto_alloc_hash(ctl->hash_algo, 0, CRYPTO_ALG_ASYNC);
+ if (IS_ERR(hash)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(hash);
+ dprintk("%s: failed to allocate hash '%s', err: %d.\n",
+ __func__, ctl->hash_algo, err);
+ goto err_out_exit;
+ }
+
+ ctl->crypto_attached_size = crypto_hash_digestsize(hash);
+
+ if (!ctl->hash_keysize)
+ return hash;
+
+ err = crypto_hash_setkey(hash, key, ctl->hash_keysize);
+ if (err) {
+ dprintk("%s: failed to set key for hash '%s', err: %d.\n",
+ __func__, ctl->hash_algo, err);
+ goto err_out_free;
+ }
+
+ return hash;
+
+err_out_free:
+ crypto_free_hash(hash);
+err_out_exit:
+ return ERR_PTR(err);
+}
+
+static struct crypto_ablkcipher *dst_init_cipher(struct dst_crypto_ctl *ctl, u8 *key)
+{
+ int err = -EINVAL;
+ struct crypto_ablkcipher *cipher;
+
+ if (!ctl->cipher_keysize)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+
+ cipher = crypto_alloc_ablkcipher(ctl->cipher_algo, 0, 0);
+ if (IS_ERR(cipher)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(cipher);
+ dprintk("%s: failed to allocate cipher '%s', err: %d.\n",
+ __func__, ctl->cipher_algo, err);
+ goto err_out_exit;
+ }
+
+ crypto_ablkcipher_clear_flags(cipher, ~0);
+
+ err = crypto_ablkcipher_setkey(cipher, key, ctl->cipher_keysize);
+ if (err) {
+ dprintk("%s: failed to set key for cipher '%s', err: %d.\n",
+ __func__, ctl->cipher_algo, err);
+ goto err_out_free;
+ }
+
+ return cipher;
+
+err_out_free:
+ crypto_free_ablkcipher(cipher);
+err_out_exit:
+ return ERR_PTR(err);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Crypto engine has a pool of pages to encrypt data into before sending
+ * it over the network. This pool is freed/allocated here.
+ */
+static void dst_crypto_pages_free(struct dst_crypto_engine *e)
+{
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ for (i=0; i<e->page_num; ++i)
+ __free_page(e->pages[i]);
+ kfree(e->pages);
+}
+
+static int dst_crypto_pages_alloc(struct dst_crypto_engine *e, int num)
+{
+ int i;
+
+ e->pages = kmalloc(num * sizeof(struct page **), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!e->pages)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ for (i=0; i<num; ++i) {
+ e->pages[i] = alloc_page(GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!e->pages[i])
+ goto err_out_free_pages;
+ }
+
+ e->page_num = num;
+ return 0;
+
+err_out_free_pages:
+ while (--i >= 0)
+ __free_page(e->pages[i]);
+
+ kfree(e->pages);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialize crypto engine for given node.
+ * Setup cipher/hash, keys, pool of threads and private data.
+ */
+static int dst_crypto_engine_init(struct dst_crypto_engine *e, struct dst_node *n)
+{
+ int err;
+ struct dst_crypto_ctl *ctl = &n->crypto;
+
+ err = dst_crypto_pages_alloc(e, n->max_pages);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+
+ e->size = PAGE_SIZE;
+ e->data = kmalloc(e->size, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!e->data) {
+ err = -ENOMEM;
+ goto err_out_free_pages;
+ }
+
+ if (ctl->hash_algo[0]) {
+ e->hash = dst_init_hash(ctl, n->hash_key);
+ if (IS_ERR(e->hash)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(e->hash);
+ e->hash = NULL;
+ goto err_out_free;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (ctl->cipher_algo[0]) {
+ e->cipher = dst_init_cipher(ctl, n->cipher_key);
+ if (IS_ERR(e->cipher)) {
+ err = PTR_ERR(e->cipher);
+ e->cipher = NULL;
+ goto err_out_free_hash;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_out_free_hash:
+ crypto_free_hash(e->hash);
+err_out_free:
+ kfree(e->data);
+err_out_free_pages:
+ dst_crypto_pages_free(e);
+err_out_exit:
+ return err;
+}
+
+static void dst_crypto_engine_exit(struct dst_crypto_engine *e)
+{
+ if (e->hash)
+ crypto_free_hash(e->hash);
+ if (e->cipher)
+ crypto_free_ablkcipher(e->cipher);
+ dst_crypto_pages_free(e);
+ kfree(e->data);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Waiting for cipher processing to be completed.
+ */
+struct dst_crypto_completion
+{
+ struct completion complete;
+ int error;
+};
+
+static void dst_crypto_complete(struct crypto_async_request *req, int err)
+{
+ struct dst_crypto_completion *c = req->data;
+
+ if (err == -EINPROGRESS)
+ return;
+
+ dprintk("%s: req: %p, err: %d.\n", __func__, req, err);
+ c->error = err;
+ complete(&c->complete);
+}
+
+static int dst_crypto_process(struct ablkcipher_request *req,
+ struct scatterlist *sg_dst, struct scatterlist *sg_src,
+ void *iv, int enc, unsigned long timeout)
+{
+ struct dst_crypto_completion c;
+ int err;
+
+ init_completion(&c.complete);
+ c.error = -EINPROGRESS;
+
+ ablkcipher_request_set_callback(req, CRYPTO_TFM_REQ_MAY_BACKLOG,
+ dst_crypto_complete, &c);
+
+ ablkcipher_request_set_crypt(req, sg_src, sg_dst, sg_src->length, iv);
+
+ if (enc)
+ err = crypto_ablkcipher_encrypt(req);
+ else
+ err = crypto_ablkcipher_decrypt(req);
+
+ switch (err) {
+ case -EINPROGRESS:
+ case -EBUSY:
+ err = wait_for_completion_interruptible_timeout(&c.complete,
+ timeout);
+ if (!err)
+ err = -ETIMEDOUT;
+ else
+ err = c.error;
+ break;
+ default:
+ break;
+ }
+
+ return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * DST uses generic iteration approach for data crypto processing.
+ * Single block IO request is switched into array of scatterlists,
+ * which are submitted to the crypto processing iterator.
+ *
+ * Input and output iterator initialization are different, since
+ * in output case we can not encrypt data in-place and need a
+ * temporary storage, which is then being sent to the remote peer.
+ */
+static int dst_trans_iter_out(struct bio *bio, struct dst_crypto_engine *e,
+ int (* iterator) (struct dst_crypto_engine *e,
+ struct scatterlist *dst,
+ struct scatterlist *src))
+{
+ struct bio_vec *bv;
+ int err, i;
+
+ sg_init_table(e->src, bio->bi_vcnt);
+ sg_init_table(e->dst, bio->bi_vcnt);
+
+ bio_for_each_segment(bv, bio, i) {
+ sg_set_page(&e->src[i], bv->bv_page, bv->bv_len, bv->bv_offset);
+ sg_set_page(&e->dst[i], e->pages[i], bv->bv_len, bv->bv_offset);
+
+ err = iterator(e, &e->dst[i], &e->src[i]);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int dst_trans_iter_in(struct bio *bio, struct dst_crypto_engine *e,
+ int (* iterator) (struct dst_crypto_engine *e,
+ struct scatterlist *dst,
+ struct scatterlist *src))
+{
+ struct bio_vec *bv;
+ int err, i;
+
+ sg_init_table(e->src, bio->bi_vcnt);
+ sg_init_table(e->dst, bio->bi_vcnt);
+
+ bio_for_each_segment(bv, bio, i) {
+ sg_set_page(&e->src[i], bv->bv_page, bv->bv_len, bv->bv_offset);
+ sg_set_page(&e->dst[i], bv->bv_page, bv->bv_len, bv->bv_offset);
+
+ err = iterator(e, &e->dst[i], &e->src[i]);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int dst_crypt_iterator(struct dst_crypto_engine *e,
+ struct scatterlist *sg_dst, struct scatterlist *sg_src)
+{
+ struct ablkcipher_request *req = e->data;
+ u8 iv[32];
+
+ memset(iv, 0, sizeof(iv));
+
+ memcpy(iv, &e->iv, sizeof(e->iv));
+
+ return dst_crypto_process(req, sg_dst, sg_src, iv, e->enc, e->timeout);
+}
+
+static int dst_crypt(struct dst_crypto_engine *e, struct bio *bio)
+{
+ struct ablkcipher_request *req = e->data;
+
+ memset(req, 0, sizeof(struct ablkcipher_request));
+ ablkcipher_request_set_tfm(req, e->cipher);
+
+ if (e->enc)
+ return dst_trans_iter_out(bio, e, dst_crypt_iterator);
+ else
+ return dst_trans_iter_in(bio, e, dst_crypt_iterator);
+}
+
+static int dst_hash_iterator(struct dst_crypto_engine *e,
+ struct scatterlist *sg_dst, struct scatterlist *sg_src)
+{
+ return crypto_hash_update(e->data, sg_src, sg_src->length);
+}
+
+static int dst_hash(struct dst_crypto_engine *e, struct bio *bio, void *dst)
+{
+ struct hash_desc *desc = e->data;
+ int err;
+
+ desc->tfm = e->hash;
+ desc->flags = 0;
+
+ err = crypto_hash_init(desc);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ err = dst_trans_iter_in(bio, e, dst_hash_iterator);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ err = crypto_hash_final(desc, dst);
+ if (err)
+ return err;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialize/cleanup a crypto thread. The only thing it should
+ * do is to allocate a pool of pages as temporary storage.
+ * And to setup cipher and/or hash.
+ */
+static void *dst_crypto_thread_init(void *data)
+{
+ struct dst_node *n = data;
+ struct dst_crypto_engine *e;
+ int err = -ENOMEM;
+
+ e = kzalloc(sizeof(struct dst_crypto_engine), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!e)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+ e->src = kcalloc(2 * n->max_pages, sizeof(struct scatterlist),
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!e->src)
+ goto err_out_free;
+
+ e->dst = e->src + n->max_pages;
+
+ err = dst_crypto_engine_init(e, n);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_free_all;
+
+ return e;
+
+err_out_free_all:
+ kfree(e->src);
+err_out_free:
+ kfree(e);
+err_out_exit:
+ return ERR_PTR(err);
+}
+
+static void dst_crypto_thread_cleanup(void *private)
+{
+ struct dst_crypto_engine *e = private;
+
+ dst_crypto_engine_exit(e);
+ kfree(e->src);
+ kfree(e);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialize crypto engine for given node: store keys, create pool
+ * of threads, initialize each one.
+ *
+ * Each thread has unique ID, but 0 and 1 are reserved for receiving and accepting
+ * threads (if export node), so IDs could start from 2, but starting them
+ * from 10 allows easily understand what this thread is for.
+ */
+int dst_node_crypto_init(struct dst_node *n, struct dst_crypto_ctl *ctl)
+{
+ void *key = (ctl + 1);
+ int err = -ENOMEM, i;
+ char name[32];
+
+ if (ctl->hash_keysize) {
+ n->hash_key = kmalloc(ctl->hash_keysize, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!n->hash_key)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+ memcpy(n->hash_key, key, ctl->hash_keysize);
+ }
+
+ if (ctl->cipher_keysize) {
+ n->cipher_key = kmalloc(ctl->cipher_keysize, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!n->cipher_key)
+ goto err_out_free_hash;
+ memcpy(n->cipher_key, key, ctl->cipher_keysize);
+ }
+ memcpy(&n->crypto, ctl, sizeof(struct dst_crypto_ctl));
+
+ for (i=0; i<ctl->thread_num; ++i) {
+ snprintf(name, sizeof(name), "%s-crypto-%d", n->name, i);
+ /* Unique ids... */
+ err = thread_pool_add_worker(n->pool, name, i+10,
+ dst_crypto_thread_init, dst_crypto_thread_cleanup, n);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_free_threads;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_out_free_threads:
+ while (--i >= 0)
+ thread_pool_del_worker_id(n->pool, i+10);
+
+ if (ctl->cipher_keysize)
+ kfree(n->cipher_key);
+ ctl->cipher_keysize = 0;
+err_out_free_hash:
+ if (ctl->hash_keysize)
+ kfree(n->hash_key);
+ ctl->hash_keysize = 0;
+err_out_exit:
+ return err;
+}
+
+void dst_node_crypto_exit(struct dst_node *n)
+{
+ struct dst_crypto_ctl *ctl = &n->crypto;
+
+ if (ctl->cipher_algo[0] || ctl->hash_algo[0]) {
+ kfree(n->hash_key);
+ kfree(n->cipher_key);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Thrad pool setup callback. Just stores a transaction in private data.
+ */
+static int dst_trans_crypto_setup(void *crypto_engine, void *trans)
+{
+ struct dst_crypto_engine *e = crypto_engine;
+
+ e->private = trans;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#if 0
+static void dst_dump_bio(struct bio *bio)
+{
+ u8 *p;
+ struct bio_vec *bv;
+ int i;
+
+ bio_for_each_segment(bv, bio, i) {
+ dprintk("%s: %llu/%u: size: %u, offset: %u, data: ",
+ __func__, bio->bi_sector, bio->bi_size,
+ bv->bv_len, bv->bv_offset);
+
+ p = kmap(bv->bv_page) + bv->bv_offset;
+ for (i=0; i<bv->bv_len; ++i)
+ printk("%02x ", p[i]);
+ kunmap(bv->bv_page);
+ printk("\n");
+ }
+}
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * Encrypt/hash data and send it to the network.
+ */
+static int dst_crypto_process_sending(struct dst_crypto_engine *e,
+ struct bio *bio, u8 *hash)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ if (e->cipher) {
+ err = dst_crypt(e, bio);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+ }
+
+ if (e->hash) {
+ err = dst_hash(e, bio, hash);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_DST_DEBUG
+ {
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ /* dst_dump_bio(bio); */
+
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: bio: %llu/%u, rw: %lu, hash: ",
+ __func__, (u64)bio->bi_sector,
+ bio->bi_size, bio_data_dir(bio));
+ for (i=0; i<crypto_hash_digestsize(e->hash); ++i)
+ printk("%02x ", hash[i]);
+ printk("\n");
+ }
+#endif
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_out_exit:
+ return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Check if received data is valid. Decipher if it is.
+ */
+static int dst_crypto_process_receiving(struct dst_crypto_engine *e,
+ struct bio *bio, u8 *hash, u8 *recv_hash)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ if (e->hash) {
+ int mismatch;
+
+ err = dst_hash(e, bio, hash);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+
+ mismatch = !!memcmp(recv_hash, hash,
+ crypto_hash_digestsize(e->hash));
+#ifdef CONFIG_DST_DEBUG
+ /* dst_dump_bio(bio); */
+
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s: bio: %llu/%u, rw: %lu, hash mismatch: %d",
+ __func__, (u64)bio->bi_sector, bio->bi_size,
+ bio_data_dir(bio), mismatch);
+ if (mismatch) {
+ unsigned int i;
+
+ printk(", recv/calc: ");
+ for (i=0; i<crypto_hash_digestsize(e->hash); ++i) {
+ printk("%02x/%02x ", recv_hash[i], hash[i]);
+ }
+ }
+ printk("\n");
+#endif
+ err = -1;
+ if (mismatch)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+ }
+
+ if (e->cipher) {
+ err = dst_crypt(e, bio);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_out_exit:
+ return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Thread pool callback to encrypt data and send it to the netowork.
+ */
+static int dst_trans_crypto_action(void *crypto_engine, void *schedule_data)
+{
+ struct dst_crypto_engine *e = crypto_engine;
+ struct dst_trans *t = schedule_data;
+ struct bio *bio = t->bio;
+ int err;
+
+ dprintk("%s: t: %p, gen: %llu, cipher: %p, hash: %p.\n",
+ __func__, t, t->gen, e->cipher, e->hash);
+
+ e->enc = t->enc;
+ e->iv = dst_gen_iv(t);
+
+ if (bio_data_dir(bio) == WRITE) {
+ err = dst_crypto_process_sending(e, bio, t->cmd.hash);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+
+ if (e->hash) {
+ t->cmd.csize = crypto_hash_digestsize(e->hash);
+ t->cmd.size += t->cmd.csize;
+ }
+
+ return dst_trans_send(t);
+ } else {
+ u8 *hash = e->data + e->size/2;
+
+ err = dst_crypto_process_receiving(e, bio, hash, t->cmd.hash);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+
+ dst_trans_remove(t);
+ dst_trans_put(t);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_out_exit:
+ t->error = err;
+ dst_trans_put(t);
+ return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Schedule crypto processing for given transaction.
+ */
+int dst_trans_crypto(struct dst_trans *t)
+{
+ struct dst_node *n = t->n;
+ int err;
+
+ err = thread_pool_schedule(n->pool,
+ dst_trans_crypto_setup, dst_trans_crypto_action,
+ t, MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_out_exit:
+ dst_trans_put(t);
+ return err;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Crypto machinery for the export node.
+ */
+static int dst_export_crypto_setup(void *crypto_engine, void *bio)
+{
+ struct dst_crypto_engine *e = crypto_engine;
+
+ e->private = bio;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int dst_export_crypto_action(void *crypto_engine, void *schedule_data)
+{
+ struct dst_crypto_engine *e = crypto_engine;
+ struct bio *bio = schedule_data;
+ struct dst_export_priv *p = bio->bi_private;
+ int err;
+
+ dprintk("%s: e: %p, data: %p, bio: %llu/%u, dir: %lu.\n", __func__,
+ e, e->data, (u64)bio->bi_sector, bio->bi_size, bio_data_dir(bio));
+
+ e->enc = (bio_data_dir(bio) == READ);
+ e->iv = p->cmd.id;
+
+ if (bio_data_dir(bio) == WRITE) {
+ u8 *hash = e->data + e->size/2;
+
+ err = dst_crypto_process_receiving(e, bio, hash, p->cmd.hash);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+
+ generic_make_request(bio);
+ } else {
+ err = dst_crypto_process_sending(e, bio, p->cmd.hash);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+
+ if (e->hash) {
+ p->cmd.csize = crypto_hash_digestsize(e->hash);
+ p->cmd.size += p->cmd.csize;
+ }
+
+ err = dst_export_send_bio(bio);
+ }
+ return 0;
+
+err_out_exit:
+ bio_put(bio);
+ return err;
+}
+
+int dst_export_crypto(struct dst_node *n, struct bio *bio)
+{
+ int err;
+
+ err = thread_pool_schedule(n->pool,
+ dst_export_crypto_setup, dst_export_crypto_action,
+ bio, MAX_SCHEDULE_TIMEOUT);
+ if (err)
+ goto err_out_exit;
+
+ return 0;
+
+err_out_exit:
+ bio_put(bio);
+ return err;
+}

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