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SubjectRe: [PATCH][v2] fork_init: fix division by zero
On Wed, 10 Dec 2008 19:50:51 +0300
Yuri Tikhonov <yur@emcraft.com> wrote:

>
> The following patch fixes divide-by-zero error for the
> cases of really big PAGE_SIZEs (e.g. 256KB on ppc44x).
> Support for big page sizes on 44x is not present in the
> current kernel yet, but coming soon.
>
> Also this patch fixes the comment for the max_threads
> settings, as this didn't match the things actually done
> in the code.
>
> Signed-off-by: Yuri Tikhonov <yur@emcraft.com>
> Signed-off-by: Ilya Yanok <yanok@emcraft.com>
> ---
> kernel/fork.c | 8 ++++++--
> 1 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/kernel/fork.c b/kernel/fork.c
> index 8d6a7dd..638eb7f 100644
> --- a/kernel/fork.c
> +++ b/kernel/fork.c
> @@ -181,10 +181,14 @@ void __init fork_init(unsigned long mempages)
>
> /*
> * The default maximum number of threads is set to a safe
> - * value: the thread structures can take up at most half
> - * of memory.
> + * value: the thread structures can take up at most
> + * (1/8) part of memory.
> */
> +#if (8 * THREAD_SIZE) > PAGE_SIZE
> max_threads = mempages / (8 * THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE);
> +#else
> + max_threads = mempages * (PAGE_SIZE / (8 * THREAD_SIZE));
> +#endif

The expression you've chosen here can be quite inacccurate, because
((PAGE_SIZE / (8 * THREAD_SIZE)) is a small number. The way to
preserve accuracy is

max_threads = (mempages * PAGE_SIZE) / (8 * THREAD_SIZE);

so how about avoiding the nasty ifdefs and doing

--- a/kernel/fork.c~fork_init-fix-division-by-zero
+++ a/kernel/fork.c
@@ -69,6 +69,7 @@
#include <asm/mmu_context.h>
#include <asm/cacheflush.h>
#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
+#include <asm/div64.h>

/*
* Protected counters by write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock)
@@ -185,10 +186,15 @@ void __init fork_init(unsigned long memp

/*
* The default maximum number of threads is set to a safe
- * value: the thread structures can take up at most half
- * of memory.
+ * value: the thread structures can take up at most
+ * (1/8) part of memory.
*/
- max_threads = mempages / (8 * THREAD_SIZE / PAGE_SIZE);
+ {
+ /* max_threads = (mempages * PAGE_SIZE) / THREAD_SIZE / 8; */
+ u64 m = mempages * PAGE_SIZE;
+ do_div(m, THREAD_SIZE * 8);
+ max_threads = m;
+ }

/*
* we need to allow at least 20 threads to boot a system
_
?


The code is also inaccurate because it assumes that <whatever allocator
is used for threads> will pack the thread_structs into pages with best
possible density, which isn't necessarily the case. Let's not worry
about that.




OT:

max_threads is widly wrong anyway.

- the caller passes in num_physpages, which includes highmem. And we
can't allocate thread structs from highmem.

- num_physpages includes kernel pages and other stuff which can never
be allocated via the page allocator.

A suitable fix would be to switch the caller to the strangely-named
nr_free_buffer_pages().

If you grep the tree for `num_physpages', you will find a splendid
number of similar bugs. num_physpages should be unexported, burnt,
deleted, etc. It's just an invitation to write buggy code.



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