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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Add option to passively listen for PCIE hotplug events
Matthew Garrett wrote:
> Various pieces of hardware (such as the Acer Aspire One and Asus EEE)
> use PCIE hotplug to change the state of devices in response to events
> such as the removal of SD cards or disabling the wireless radio.
> However, they do not provide firmware support for this. As a consequence
> pciehp will refuse to load and various things break.
>
> The existing workaround has been to use the pciehp_force option. This is
> undesirable as there is little guarantee that manipulating the power
> file in the slot directory will actually result in anything happening,
> leading to potential user confusion and hardware damage. This patch adds
> a new option, pciehp_passive. In this configuration pciehp will listen
> for events and notify the PCI core appropriately. However, it will not
> provide any user controllable sysfs attributes and so the risk of
> confusion or damage is averted. Any system slots that do have firmware
> support will continue to provide full functionality.
>

I have several comments/questions below.

- Even with pciehp_passive option, pciehp driver controls hotplug
related registers at the initialization time, enabling software
notification mechanism for hotplug events, trying to turn power
on the slot and so on. Is this your intended behaviour?

- Maybe I don't understand what "pciehp will listen for events..."
in your patch description means. But if you expect the pciehp's
interrupts for hotplug events, it would not work properly when
hotplug control is not granted through _OSC or OSHP.

- Using pciehp_passive or pciehp_force option causes system reset
on my system because of Master-Abort. I think it is an already
existing problem with pciehp_force option. The cause of this
problem is the code below.

> t_slot->hpc_ops->get_adapter_status(t_slot, &value); /* Check if slot is occupied */
> - if (value && pciehp_force) {
> + if (value && (pciehp_force || pciehp_passive)) {
> rc = pciehp_enable_slot(t_slot);
> if (rc) /* -ENODEV: shouldn't happen, but deal with it */
> value = 0;

The pciehp_enable_slot() here returns error on my system because
it detects the slot is already powered on state when it tries to
turn power on the slot. As a result 'value' is set with 0. After
that, pciehp turn power off the slot by the following code even
though the adapter card on the slot is currently working, and it
caused Master-Abort.

if ((POWER_CTRL(ctrl)) && !value) {
rc = t_slot->hpc_ops->power_off_slot(t_slot); /* Power off slot
if not occupied*/
if (rc)
goto err_out_free_ctrl_slot;
}

I guess the reason why you didn't encounter this problem is that
your laptop doesn't have power controller on hotplug controller.
I'll try to make a patch to fix this problem soon.

Thanks,
Kenji Kaneshige




> Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
>
> ---
>
> diff --git a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
> index 4b23bc3..b878432 100644
> --- a/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
> +++ b/drivers/pci/hotplug/pciehp_core.c
> @@ -41,6 +41,7 @@ int pciehp_debug;
> int pciehp_poll_mode;
> int pciehp_poll_time;
> int pciehp_force;
> +int pciehp_passive;
> struct workqueue_struct *pciehp_wq;
>
> #define DRIVER_VERSION "0.4"
> @@ -55,10 +56,12 @@ module_param(pciehp_debug, bool, 0644);
> module_param(pciehp_poll_mode, bool, 0644);
> module_param(pciehp_poll_time, int, 0644);
> module_param(pciehp_force, bool, 0644);
> +module_param(pciehp_passive, bool, 0644);
> MODULE_PARM_DESC(pciehp_debug, "Debugging mode enabled or not");
> MODULE_PARM_DESC(pciehp_poll_mode, "Using polling mechanism for hot-plug events or not");
> MODULE_PARM_DESC(pciehp_poll_time, "Polling mechanism frequency, in seconds");
> MODULE_PARM_DESC(pciehp_force, "Force pciehp, even if _OSC and OSHP are missing");
> +MODULE_PARM_DESC(pciehp_passive, "Listen for pciehp events, even if _OSC and OSHP are missing");
>
> #define PCIE_MODULE_NAME "pciehp"
>
> @@ -85,6 +88,13 @@ static struct hotplug_slot_ops pciehp_hotplug_slot_ops = {
> .get_cur_bus_speed = get_cur_bus_speed,
> };
>
> +static struct hotplug_slot_ops pciehp_passive_hotplug_slot_ops = {
> + .owner = THIS_MODULE,
> + .get_adapter_status = get_adapter_status,
> + .get_max_bus_speed = get_max_bus_speed,
> + .get_cur_bus_speed = get_cur_bus_speed,
> +};
> +
> /*
> * Check the status of the Electro Mechanical Interlock (EMI)
> */
> @@ -212,7 +222,11 @@ static int init_slots(struct controller *ctrl)
> hotplug_slot->info = info;
> hotplug_slot->private = slot;
> hotplug_slot->release = &release_slot;
> - hotplug_slot->ops = &pciehp_hotplug_slot_ops;
> + if (pciehp_passive &&
> + pciehp_get_hp_hw_control_from_firmware(ctrl->pci_dev))
> + hotplug_slot->ops = &pciehp_passive_hotplug_slot_ops;
> + else
> + hotplug_slot->ops = &pciehp_hotplug_slot_ops;
> slot->hotplug_slot = hotplug_slot;
> snprintf(name, SLOT_NAME_SIZE, "%u", slot->number);
>
> @@ -407,7 +421,7 @@ static int pciehp_probe(struct pcie_device *dev, const struct pcie_port_service_
> u8 value;
> struct pci_dev *pdev = dev->port;
>
> - if (pciehp_force)
> + if (pciehp_force || pciehp_passive)
> dev_info(&dev->device,
> "Bypassing BIOS check for pciehp use on %s\n",
> pci_name(pdev));
> @@ -435,7 +449,7 @@ static int pciehp_probe(struct pcie_device *dev, const struct pcie_port_service_
> t_slot = pciehp_find_slot(ctrl, ctrl->slot_device_offset);
>
> t_slot->hpc_ops->get_adapter_status(t_slot, &value); /* Check if slot is occupied */
> - if (value && pciehp_force) {
> + if (value && (pciehp_force || pciehp_passive)) {
> rc = pciehp_enable_slot(t_slot);
> if (rc) /* -ENODEV: shouldn't happen, but deal with it */
> value = 0;
> @@ -474,7 +488,7 @@ static int pciehp_suspend (struct pcie_device *dev, pm_message_t state)
> static int pciehp_resume (struct pcie_device *dev)
> {
> dev_info(&dev->device, "%s ENTRY\n", __func__);
> - if (pciehp_force) {
> + if (pciehp_force || pciehp_passive) {
> struct controller *ctrl = get_service_data(dev);
> struct slot *t_slot;
> u8 status;
>




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