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SubjectRe: Slow file transfer speeds with CFQ IO scheduler in some cases
Jens Axboe wrote:
> On Tue, Nov 11 2008, Jens Axboe wrote:
>> On Tue, Nov 11 2008, Jens Axboe wrote:
>>> On Mon, Nov 10 2008, Jeff Moyer wrote:
>>>> "Vitaly V. Bursov" <vitalyb@telenet.dn.ua> writes:
>>>>
>>>>> Jens Axboe wrote:
>>>>>> On Mon, Nov 10 2008, Vitaly V. Bursov wrote:
>>>>>>> Jens Axboe wrote:
>>>>>>>> On Mon, Nov 10 2008, Jeff Moyer wrote:
>>>>>>>>> Jens Axboe <jens.axboe@oracle.com> writes:
>>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>>>> http://bugzilla.kernel.org/attachment.cgi?id=18473&action=view
>>>>>>>>> Funny, I was going to ask the same question. ;) The reason Jens wants
>>>>>>>>> you to try this patch is that nfsd may be farming off the I/O requests
>>>>>>>>> to different threads which are then performing interleaved I/O. The
>>>>>>>>> above patch tries to detect this and allow cooperating processes to get
>>>>>>>>> disk time instead of waiting for the idle timeout.
>>>>>>>> Precisely :-)
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>>> The only reason I haven't merged it yet is because of worry of extra
>>>>>>>> cost, but I'll throw some SSD love at it and see how it turns out.
>>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Sorry, but I get "oops" same moment nfs read transfer starts.
>>>>>>> I can get directory list via nfs, read files locally (not
>>>>>>> carefully tested, though)
>>>>>>>
>>>>>>> Dumps captured via netconsole, so these may not be completely accurate
>>>>>>> but hopefully will give a hint.
>>>>>> Interesting, strange how that hasn't triggered here. Or perhaps the
>>>>>> version that Jeff posted isn't the one I tried. Anyway, search for:
>>>>>>
>>>>>> RB_CLEAR_NODE(&cfqq->rb_node);
>>>>>>
>>>>>> and add a
>>>>>>
>>>>>> RB_CLEAR_NODE(&cfqq->prio_node);
>>>>>>
>>>>>> just below that. It's in cfq_find_alloc_queue(). I think that should fix
>>>>>> it.
>>>>>>
>>>>> Same problem.
>>>>>
>>>>> I did make clean; make -j3; sync; on (2 times) patched kernel and it went OK
>>>>> but It won't boot anymore with cfq with same error...
>>>>>
>>>>> Switching cfq io scheduler at runtime (booting with "as") appears to work with
>>>>> two parallel local dd reads.
>>>> Strange, I can't reproduce a failure. I'll keep trying. For now, these
>>>> are the results I see:
>>>>
>>>> [root@maiden ~]# mount megadeth:/export/cciss /mnt/megadeth/
>>>> [root@maiden ~]# dd if=/mnt/megadeth/file1 of=/dev/null bs=1M
>>>> 1024+0 records in
>>>> 1024+0 records out
>>>> 1073741824 bytes (1.1 GB) copied, 26.8128 s, 40.0 MB/s
>>>> [root@maiden ~]# umount /mnt/megadeth/
>>>> [root@maiden ~]# mount megadeth:/export/cciss /mnt/megadeth/
>>>> [root@maiden ~]# dd if=/mnt/megadeth/file1 of=/dev/null bs=1M
>>>> 1024+0 records in
>>>> 1024+0 records out
>>>> 1073741824 bytes (1.1 GB) copied, 23.7025 s, 45.3 MB/s
>>>> [root@maiden ~]# umount /mnt/megadeth/
>>>>
>>>> Here is the patch, with the suggestion from Jens to switch the cfqq to
>>>> the right priority tree when the priority is changed.
>>> I don't see the issue here either. Vitaly, are you using any openvz
>>> kernel patches? IIRC, they patch cfq so it could just be that your cfq
>>> version is incompatible with Jeff's patch.
>> Heh, got it to trigger about 3 seconds after sending that email! I'll
>> look more into it.
>
> OK, found the issue. A few bugs there... cfq_prio_tree_lookup() doesn't
> even return a hit, since it just breaks and returns NULL always. That
> can cause cfq_prio_tree_add() to screw up the rbtree. The code to
> correct on ioprio change wasn't correct either, I changed that as well.
> New patch below, Vitaly can you give it a spin?
>

No crashes so far. Transfer speed is quiet good also.


NFS+deadline, file not cached:

avg-cpu: %user %nice %system %iowait %steal %idle
0,00 0,00 25,50 19,40 0,00 55,10

Device: rrqm/s wrqm/s r/s w/s rsec/s wsec/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz await svctm %util
sda 6648,80 0,00 1281,70 0,00 115179,20 0,00 89,86 5,35 4,18 0,35 45,20
sdb 6672,30 0,00 1257,00 0,00 115292,80 0,00 91,72 5,09 4,06 0,35 44,60



NFS+cfq, file not cached:

avg-cpu: %user %nice %system %iowait %steal %idle
0,05 0,00 25,30 23,95 0,00 50,70

Device: rrqm/s wrqm/s r/s w/s rsec/s wsec/s avgrq-sz avgqu-sz await svctm %util
sda 6403,00 0,00 1089,90 0,00 108655,20 0,00 99,69 4,50 4,13 0,41 44,50
sdb 6394,90 0,00 1099,60 0,00 108639,20 0,00 98,80 4,53 4,12 0,39 42,50


Just for reference: 10 sec interval average, gigabit network,
no tcp/udp hardware checksumming may lead to high system cpu load.


Also, a few more test (server has 4G RAM):

NFS+cfq, file not cached:
$ dd if=test of=/dev/null bs=1M count=2000
2000+0 records in
2000+0 records out
2097152000 bytes (2.1 GB) copied, 24.9147 s, 84.2 MB/s

NFS+deadline, file not cached:
2000+0 records in
2000+0 records out
2097152000 bytes (2.1 GB) copied, 23.2999 s, 90.0 MB/s

file cached on server:
2000+0 records in
2000+0 records out
2097152000 bytes (2.1 GB) copied, 21.9784 s, 95.4 MB/s


Local single dd read leads to 193 MB/s for deadline and
167 MB/s for cfq.

--
Thanks,
Vitaly


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