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Subject[PATCH 38/42] generic block based fiemap implementation
Date
From: Josef Bacik <jbacik@redhat.com>

Any block based fs (this patch includes ext3) just has to declare its own
fiemap() function and then call this generic function with its own
get_block_t. This works well for block based filesystems that will map
multiple contiguous blocks at one time, but will work for filesystems that
only map one block at a time, you will just end up with an "extent" for each
block. One gotcha is this will not play nicely where there is hole+data
after the EOF. This function will assume its hit the end of the data as soon
as it hits a hole after the EOF, so if there is any data past that it will
not pick that up. AFAIK no block based fs does this anyway, but its in the
comments of the function anyway just in case.

Signed-off-by: Josef Bacik <jbacik@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Mark Fasheh <mfasheh@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: linux-fsdevel@vger.kernel.org
---
fs/ext2/ext2.h | 2 +
fs/ext2/file.c | 1 +
fs/ext2/inode.c | 8 +++
fs/ext3/file.c | 1 +
fs/ext3/inode.c | 8 +++
fs/ioctl.c | 118 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/ext3_fs.h | 2 +
include/linux/fs.h | 3 +
8 files changed, 143 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
diff --git a/fs/ext2/ext2.h b/fs/ext2/ext2.h
index 47d88da..bae998c 100644
--- a/fs/ext2/ext2.h
+++ b/fs/ext2/ext2.h
@@ -133,6 +133,8 @@ extern void ext2_truncate (struct inode *);
extern int ext2_setattr (struct dentry *, struct iattr *);
extern void ext2_set_inode_flags(struct inode *inode);
extern void ext2_get_inode_flags(struct ext2_inode_info *);
+extern int ext2_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
+ u64 start, u64 len);
int __ext2_write_begin(struct file *file, struct address_space *mapping,
loff_t pos, unsigned len, unsigned flags,
struct page **pagep, void **fsdata);
diff --git a/fs/ext2/file.c b/fs/ext2/file.c
index 5f2fa9c..45ed071 100644
--- a/fs/ext2/file.c
+++ b/fs/ext2/file.c
@@ -86,4 +86,5 @@ const struct inode_operations ext2_file_inode_operations = {
#endif
.setattr = ext2_setattr,
.permission = ext2_permission,
+ .fiemap = ext2_fiemap,
};
diff --git a/fs/ext2/inode.c b/fs/ext2/inode.c
index 991d6df..7658b33 100644
--- a/fs/ext2/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext2/inode.c
@@ -31,6 +31,7 @@
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/mpage.h>
+#include <linux/fiemap.h>
#include "ext2.h"
#include "acl.h"
#include "xip.h"
@@ -704,6 +705,13 @@ int ext2_get_block(struct inode *inode, sector_t iblock, struct buffer_head *bh_

}

+int ext2_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
+ u64 start, u64 len)
+{
+ return generic_block_fiemap(inode, fieinfo, start, len,
+ ext2_get_block);
+}
+
static int ext2_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
{
return block_write_full_page(page, ext2_get_block, wbc);
diff --git a/fs/ext3/file.c b/fs/ext3/file.c
index acc4913..3be1e06 100644
--- a/fs/ext3/file.c
+++ b/fs/ext3/file.c
@@ -134,5 +134,6 @@ const struct inode_operations ext3_file_inode_operations = {
.removexattr = generic_removexattr,
#endif
.permission = ext3_permission,
+ .fiemap = ext3_fiemap,
};

diff --git a/fs/ext3/inode.c b/fs/ext3/inode.c
index 507d868..ebfec4d 100644
--- a/fs/ext3/inode.c
+++ b/fs/ext3/inode.c
@@ -36,6 +36,7 @@
#include <linux/mpage.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/bio.h>
+#include <linux/fiemap.h>
#include "xattr.h"
#include "acl.h"

@@ -981,6 +982,13 @@ out:
return ret;
}

+int ext3_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
+ u64 start, u64 len)
+{
+ return generic_block_fiemap(inode, fieinfo, start, len,
+ ext3_get_block);
+}
+
/*
* `handle' can be NULL if create is zero
*/
diff --git a/fs/ioctl.c b/fs/ioctl.c
index 045d960..33a6b7e 100644
--- a/fs/ioctl.c
+++ b/fs/ioctl.c
@@ -13,6 +13,8 @@
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
+#include <linux/writeback.h>
+#include <linux/buffer_head.h>

#include <asm/ioctls.h>

@@ -224,6 +226,122 @@ static int ioctl_fiemap(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
return error;
}

+#define blk_to_logical(inode, blk) (blk << (inode)->i_blkbits)
+#define logical_to_blk(inode, offset) (offset >> (inode)->i_blkbits);
+
+/*
+ * @inode - the inode to map
+ * @arg - the pointer to userspace where we copy everything to
+ * @get_block - the fs's get_block function
+ *
+ * This does FIEMAP for block based inodes. Basically it will just loop
+ * through get_block until we hit the number of extents we want to map, or we
+ * go past the end of the file and hit a hole.
+ *
+ * If it is possible to have data blocks beyond a hole past @inode->i_size, then
+ * please do not use this function, it will stop at the first unmapped block
+ * beyond i_size
+ */
+int generic_block_fiemap(struct inode *inode,
+ struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, u64 start,
+ u64 len, get_block_t *get_block)
+{
+ struct buffer_head tmp;
+ unsigned int start_blk;
+ long long length = 0, map_len = 0;
+ u64 logical = 0, phys = 0, size = 0;
+ u32 flags = FIEMAP_EXTENT_MERGED;
+ int ret = 0;
+
+ if ((ret = fiemap_check_flags(fieinfo, FIEMAP_FLAG_SYNC)))
+ return ret;
+
+ start_blk = logical_to_blk(inode, start);
+
+ /* guard against change */
+ mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
+
+ length = (long long)min_t(u64, len, i_size_read(inode));
+ map_len = length;
+
+ do {
+ /*
+ * we set b_size to the total size we want so it will map as
+ * many contiguous blocks as possible at once
+ */
+ memset(&tmp, 0, sizeof(struct buffer_head));
+ tmp.b_size = map_len;
+
+ ret = get_block(inode, start_blk, &tmp, 0);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+
+ /* HOLE */
+ if (!buffer_mapped(&tmp)) {
+ /*
+ * first hole after going past the EOF, this is our
+ * last extent
+ */
+ if (length <= 0) {
+ flags = FIEMAP_EXTENT_MERGED|FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST;
+ ret = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, logical,
+ phys, size,
+ flags);
+ break;
+ }
+
+ length -= blk_to_logical(inode, 1);
+
+ /* if we have holes up to/past EOF then we're done */
+ if (length <= 0)
+ break;
+
+ start_blk++;
+ } else {
+ if (length <= 0 && size) {
+ ret = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, logical,
+ phys, size,
+ flags);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+ }
+
+ logical = blk_to_logical(inode, start_blk);
+ phys = blk_to_logical(inode, tmp.b_blocknr);
+ size = tmp.b_size;
+ flags = FIEMAP_EXTENT_MERGED;
+
+ length -= tmp.b_size;
+ start_blk += logical_to_blk(inode, size);
+
+ /*
+ * if we are past the EOF we need to loop again to see
+ * if there is a hole so we can mark this extent as the
+ * last one, and if not keep mapping things until we
+ * find a hole, or we run out of slots in the extent
+ * array
+ */
+ if (length <= 0)
+ continue;
+
+ ret = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, logical, phys,
+ size, flags);
+ if (ret)
+ break;
+ }
+ cond_resched();
+ } while (1);
+
+ mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
+
+ /* if ret is 1 then we just hit the end of the extent array */
+ if (ret == 1)
+ ret = 0;
+
+ return ret;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_block_fiemap);
+
static int file_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg)
{
diff --git a/include/linux/ext3_fs.h b/include/linux/ext3_fs.h
index 80171ee..8120fa1 100644
--- a/include/linux/ext3_fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/ext3_fs.h
@@ -837,6 +837,8 @@ extern void ext3_truncate (struct inode *);
extern void ext3_set_inode_flags(struct inode *);
extern void ext3_get_inode_flags(struct ext3_inode_info *);
extern void ext3_set_aops(struct inode *inode);
+extern int ext3_fiemap(struct inode *inode, struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo,
+ u64 start, u64 len);

/* ioctl.c */
extern int ext3_ioctl (struct inode *, struct file *, unsigned int,
diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
index 194fb23..385c9a1 100644
--- a/include/linux/fs.h
+++ b/include/linux/fs.h
@@ -1998,6 +1998,9 @@ extern int vfs_fstat(unsigned int, struct kstat *);

extern int do_vfs_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int fd, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg);
+extern int generic_block_fiemap(struct inode *inode,
+ struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, u64 start,
+ u64 len, get_block_t *get_block);

extern void get_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs);
extern void put_filesystem(struct file_system_type *fs);
--
1.5.6.1.205.ge2c7.dirty


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