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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/3] Convert the UDP hash lock to RCU
On Tue, Oct 07, 2008 at 09:15:00AM -0500, Christoph Lameter wrote:
> Eric Dumazet wrote:
> >>> Or just add SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU to slab creation in proto_register()
> >>> for "struct proto udp_prot/udpv6_prot" so that kmem_cache_free() done
> >>> in sk_prot_free() can defer freeing to RCU...
> >>
> >> Be careful!, SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU just means the slab page gets
> >> RCU-freed, this means that slab object pointers stay pointing to valid
> >> memory, but it does _NOT_ mean those slab objects themselves remain
> >> valid.
> >>
> >> The slab allocator is free to re-use those objects at any time -
> >> irrespective of the rcu-grace period. Therefore you will have to be able
> >> to validate that the object you point to is indeed the object you
> >> expect, otherwise strange and wonderful things will happen.
> >>
> > Thanks for this clarification. I guess we really need a rcu head then :)
>
> No you just need to make sure that the object you located is still active
> (f.e. refcount > 0) and that it is really a match (hash pointers may be
> updated asynchronously and therefore point to the object that has been reused
> for something else).

In some cases, you might be able to not care, but yes, most of the time,
you will need to validate the object.

> Generally it is advisable to use SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU because it preserves the
> cache hot advantages of the objects. Regular RCU freeing will let the object
> expire for a tick or so which will result in the cacheline cooling down.

And SLAB_DESTROY_BY_RCU guarantees that the type of the object will
remain the same during any given RCU read-side critical section.

Thanx, Paul


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