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SubjectRe: [PATCH, RFC] v7 scalable classic RCU implementation
On Fri, Oct 17, 2008 at 09:05:13PM +0530, Gautham R Shenoy wrote:
> On Fri, Oct 17, 2008 at 02:04:52PM +0530, Gautham R Shenoy wrote:
> > On Fri, Oct 10, 2008 at 09:09:30AM -0700, Paul E. McKenney wrote:
> > > Hello!
> > Hi Paul,
> >
> > Looks interesting. Couple of minor nits. Comments interspersed. Search for "=>"
> Search is too tedius, even for me. Trimming it down.

The "/" command in "vi" works pretty well for me. ;-)

These are the same as the ones in your earlier note, correct?

Thanx, Paul

> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +/* Values for signaled field in struc rcu_data. */
> ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
> should be struct rcu_state.
> > > +#define RCU_SAVE_DYNTICK 0 /* Need to scan dyntick state. */
> > > +#define RCU_FORCE_QS 1 /* Need to force quiescent state. */
> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
> > > +#define RCU_SIGNAL_INIT RCU_SAVE_DYNTICK
> > > +#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ */
> > > +#define RCU_SIGNAL_INIT RCU_FORCE_QS
> > > +#endif /* #else #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ */
> > > +
> > > +}
> > > +
>
>
>
> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
> > > +
> > > +/*
> > > + * If the specified CPU is offline, tell the caller that it is in
> > > + * a quiescent state. Otherwise, whack it with a reschedule IPI.
> > > + * Grace periods can end up waiting on an offline CPU when that
> > > + * CPU is in the process of coming online -- it will be added to the
> > > + * rcu_node bitmasks before it actually makes it online.
>
> This can also happen when a CPU has just gone offline,
> but RCU hasn't yet marked it as offline. However, it's impact
> on delaying the grace period may not be high as in the
> CPU-online case.
> >
> > > + * Because this
> > > + * race is quite rare, we check for it after detecting that the grace
> > > + * period has been delayed rather than checking each and every CPU
> > > + * each and every time we start a new grace period.
> > > + */
> > > +static int rcu_implicit_offline_qs(struct rcu_data *rdp)
> > > +{
> > > + /*
> > > + * If the CPU is offline, it is in a quiescent state. We can
> > > + * trust its state not to change because interrupts are disabled.
> > > + */
> > > + if (cpu_is_offline(rdp->cpu)) {
> > > + rdp->offline_fqs++;
> > > + return 1;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + /* The CPU is online, so send it a reschedule IPI. */
> > > + if (rdp->cpu != smp_processor_id())
>
> This check is safe here since this callpath is invoked
> from a softirq, and thus the system cannot do a stop_machine()
> as yet. This implies that the cpu in question cannot go offline
> until we're done.
>
> > > + smp_send_reschedule(rdp->cpu);
> > > + else
> > > + set_need_resched();
> > > + rdp->resched_ipi++;
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_SMP */
> > > +/*
>
> > > + * Record the specified "completed" value, which is later used to validate
> > > + * dynticks counter manipulations. Specify "rsp->complete - 1" to
> ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
> "rsp->completed - 1" ?
>
>
> > > + * unconditionally invalidate any future dynticks manipulations (which is
> > > + * useful at the beginning of a grace period).
>
>
> > > +
> > > +static void print_other_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)
> > > +{
> > > + int cpu;
> > > + long delta;
> > > + unsigned long flags;
> > > + struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
> > > + struct rcu_node *rnp_cur = rsp->level[NUM_RCU_LVLS - 1];
> > > + struct rcu_node *rnp_end = &rsp->node[NUM_RCU_NODES];
> > > +
> > > + /* Only let one CPU complain about others per time interval. */
> > > +
> > > + spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp->lock, flags);
> > > + delta = jiffies - rsp->jiffies_stall;
> > > + if (delta < RCU_STALL_RAT_DELAY || rsp->gpnum != rsp->completed) {
> ----------------> [1]
> See comment in check_cpu_stall()
>
> > > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
> > > + return;
> > > + }
> > > + rsp->jiffies_stall = jiffies + RCU_SECONDS_TILL_STALL_RECHECK;
> > > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
> > > +
> > > + /* OK, time to rat on our buddy... */
> > > +
> > > + printk(KERN_ERR "RCU detected CPU stalls:");
> > > + for (; rnp_cur < rnp_end; rnp_cur++) {
> > > + if (rnp_cur->qsmask == 0)
> > > + continue;
> > > + for (cpu = 0; cpu <= rnp_cur->grphi - rnp_cur->grplo; cpu++)
> > > + if (rnp_cur->qsmask & (1UL << cpu))
> > > + printk(" %d", rnp_cur->grplo + cpu);
> > > + }
> > > + printk(" (detected by %d, t=%ld jiffies)\n",
> > > + smp_processor_id(), (long)(jiffies - rsp->gp_start));
> > > + force_quiescent_state(rsp, 0); /* Kick them all. */
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static void print_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp)
> > > +{
> > > + unsigned long flags;
> > > + struct rcu_node *rnp = rcu_get_root(rsp);
> > > +
> > > + printk(KERN_ERR "RCU detected CPU %d stall (t=%lu jiffies)\n",
> > > + smp_processor_id(), jiffies - rsp->gp_start);
> > > + dump_stack();
> > > + spin_lock_irqsave(&rnp->lock, flags);
> > > + if ((long)(jiffies - rsp->jiffies_stall) >= 0)
> > > + rsp->jiffies_stall =
> > > + jiffies + RCU_SECONDS_TILL_STALL_RECHECK;
> > > + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&rnp->lock, flags);
> > > + set_need_resched(); /* kick ourselves to get things going. */
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static void check_cpu_stall(struct rcu_state *rsp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
> > > +{
> > > + long delta;
> > > + struct rcu_node *rnp;
> > > +
> > > + delta = jiffies - rsp->jiffies_stall;
> > > + rnp = rdp->mynode;
> > > + if ((rnp->qsmask & rdp->grpmask) && delta >= 0) {
> > > +
> > > + /* We haven't checked in, so go dump stack. */
> > > + print_cpu_stall(rsp);
> > > +
> > > + } else if (rsp->gpnum != rsp->completed &&
> > > + delta >= RCU_STALL_RAT_DELAY) {
> >
> If this condition is true, then,
> rsp->gpnum != rsp->completed. Hence, we will always enter
> the if() condition in print_other_cpu_stall() at
> [1] (See above), and return without ratting our buddy.
>
> That defeats the purpose of the stall check or I am
> missing the obvious, which is quite possible :-)
> > > +
> > > + /* They had two time units to dump stack, so complain. */
> > > + print_other_cpu_stall(rsp);
> > > + }
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +#else /* #ifdef CONFIG_RCU_CPU_STALL_DETECTOR */
> > > +
> > > +static void record_gp_stall_check_time(struct rcu_state *rsp)
> > > +{
> > > +}
>
>
> > > +
> > > +static void __cpuinit rcu_online_cpu(int cpu)
> > > +{
> > > +#ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ
> > > + struct rcu_dynticks *rdtp = &per_cpu(rcu_dynticks, cpu);
> > > +
> > > + rdtp->dynticks_nesting = 1;
> > > + rdtp->dynticks |= 1; /* need consecutive #s even for hotplug. */
> > > + rdtp->dynticks_nmi = (rdtp->dynticks + 1) & ~0x1;
> rdtp->dynticks is odd. Hence rdtp->dynticks + 1 should be even.
> Why is the additional & ~0x1 ?
>
>
> >
> > > +#endif /* #ifdef CONFIG_NO_HZ */
> > > + rcu_init_percpu_data(cpu, &rcu_state);
> --
> Thanks and Regards
> gautham


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