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SubjectRe: [kerneloops] regression in 2.6.27 wrt "lock_page" and the "hwclock" program

* Linus Torvalds <> wrote:

> On Mon, 13 Oct 2008, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> >
> > do you agree with the changelog and can i add your Signed-off-by ?
> Sure. One thing I'd still like to see is that crazy "again" vs
> "survive" mess for x86-64 vs x86-32. I think the patch as posted will
> cause a new warning on x86-32 due to "unused label 'again'" or
> similar.
> It's totally insane that we have two different versions of the oom
> handling for x86. I don't know why we do that, it's probably
> historical, and I _suspect_ that the 32-bit one has gotten a lot more
> testing.
> And not just because there have been more of the 32-bit kernels
> around, but also because low-memory situations are probably more
> common on 32-bit setups. But I dunno.
> So I would suggest you just pick the x86-32 version of that oom
> handling thing too. Unless you know some deep reason why the 64-bit
> one would be superior.

hm, i think the 64-bit case is the correct code, because in this 'init
task OOMs' case we do:

if (is_global_init(tsk)) {

note that we drop the mmap_sem, so in theory another thread of this same
MM could change the vma tree, and our 'vma' might not be valid anymore.

It's probably not a real issue in practice because this is about PID 1,
so i doubt it really matters, but still.

So how about the patch below?


From 7b87da331b6ada44ccd5ffeedba76880c825d4fc Mon Sep 17 00:00:00 2001
From: Ingo Molnar <>
Date: Mon, 13 Oct 2008 17:49:02 +0200
Subject: [PATCH] x86/mm: unify init task OOM handling

Linus noticed that the "again:" versus "survive:" OOM logic for
the init task was arbitrarily different.

The 64-bit codepath is the better one, because it correctly re-lookups
the vma after having dropped the ->mmap_sem.

Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
arch/x86/mm/fault.c | 15 ++++++---------
1 files changed, 6 insertions(+), 9 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
index ac2ad78..8bc5956 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault.c
@@ -671,7 +671,8 @@ void __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long error_code)
goto bad_area_nosemaphore;

- /* When running in the kernel we expect faults to occur only to
+ /*
+ * When running in the kernel we expect faults to occur only to
* addresses in user space. All other faults represent errors in the
* kernel and should generate an OOPS. Unfortunately, in the case of an
* erroneous fault occurring in a code path which already holds mmap_sem
@@ -734,9 +735,6 @@ good_area:
goto bad_area;

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
* If for any reason at all we couldn't handle the fault,
* make sure we exit gracefully rather than endlessly redo
@@ -871,12 +869,11 @@ out_of_memory:
if (is_global_init(tsk)) {
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
- down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
- goto survive;
+ /*
+ * Re-lookup the vma - in theory the vma tree might
+ * have changed:
+ */
goto again;

printk("VM: killing process %s\n", tsk->comm);

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