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Subject[patch 19/19] cull non-reclaimable anon pages from the LRU at fault time
V2 -> V3:
+ rebase to 23-mm1 atop RvR's split lru series.

V1 -> V2:
+ no changes

Optional part of "noreclaim infrastructure"

In the fault paths that install new anonymous pages, check whether
the page is reclaimable or not using lru_cache_add_active_or_noreclaim().
If the page is reclaimable, just add it to the active lru list [via
the pagevec cache], else add it to the noreclaim list.

This "proactive" culling in the fault path mimics the handling of
mlocked pages in Nick Piggin's series to keep mlocked pages off
the lru lists.


1) This patch is optional--e.g., if one is concerned about the
additional test in the fault path. We can defer the moving of
nonreclaimable pages until when vmscan [shrink_*_list()]
encounters them. Vmscan will only need to handle such pages

2) I moved the call to page_add_new_anon_rmap() to before the test
for page_reclaimable() and thus before the calls to
lru_cache_add_{active|noreclaim}(), so that page_reclaimable()
could recognize the page as anon, thus obviating, I think, the
vma arg to page_reclaimable() for this purpose. Still needed for
culling mlocked pages in fault path [later patch].
TBD: I think this reordering is OK, but the previous order may
have existed to close some obscure race?

3) With this and other patches above installed, any anon pages
created before swap is added--e.g., init's anonymous memory--
will be declared non-reclaimable and placed on the noreclaim
LRU list. Need to add mechanism to bring such pages back when
swap becomes available.

Signed-off-by: Lee Schermerhorn <>
Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <>

Index: linux-2.6.24-rc6-mm1/mm/memory.c
--- linux-2.6.24-rc6-mm1.orig/mm/memory.c 2008-01-02 12:37:38.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.24-rc6-mm1/mm/memory.c 2008-01-02 15:14:31.000000000 -0500
@@ -1665,7 +1665,7 @@ gotten:
set_pte_at(mm, address, page_table, entry);
update_mmu_cache(vma, address, entry);
- lru_cache_add_active_anon(new_page);
+ lru_cache_add_active_or_noreclaim(new_page, vma);
page_add_new_anon_rmap(new_page, vma, address);

/* Free the old page.. */
@@ -2133,7 +2133,7 @@ static int do_anonymous_page(struct mm_s
goto release;
inc_mm_counter(mm, anon_rss);
- lru_cache_add_active_anon(page);
+ lru_cache_add_active_or_noreclaim(page, vma);
page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, address);
set_pte_at(mm, address, page_table, entry);

@@ -2285,10 +2285,10 @@ static int __do_fault(struct mm_struct *
entry = maybe_mkwrite(pte_mkdirty(entry), vma);
set_pte_at(mm, address, page_table, entry);
if (anon) {
- inc_mm_counter(mm, anon_rss);
+ inc_mm_counter(mm, anon_rss);
- lru_cache_add_active_anon(page);
- page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, address);
+ lru_cache_add_active_or_noreclaim(page, vma);
+ page_add_new_anon_rmap(page, vma, address);
} else {
inc_mm_counter(mm, file_rss);
Index: linux-2.6.24-rc6-mm1/mm/swap_state.c
--- linux-2.6.24-rc6-mm1.orig/mm/swap_state.c 2008-01-02 12:37:52.000000000 -0500
+++ linux-2.6.24-rc6-mm1/mm/swap_state.c 2008-01-02 15:14:31.000000000 -0500
@@ -300,7 +300,10 @@ struct page *read_swap_cache_async(swp_e
* Initiate read into locked page and return.
- lru_cache_add_anon(new_page);
+ if (!page_reclaimable(new_page, vma))
+ lru_cache_add_noreclaim(new_page);
+ else
+ lru_cache_add_anon(new_page);
swap_readpage(NULL, new_page);
return new_page;
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