[lkml]   [2008]   [Jan]   [7]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
Messages in this thread
SubjectRe: [PATCH 2/2] scsi: Use new __dma_buffer to align sense buffer in scsi_cmnd
On Mon, Jan 07 2008 at 8:53 +0200, FUJITA Tomonori <> wrote:
> On Sun, 23 Dec 2007 13:09:05 +0200
> Boaz Harrosh <> wrote:
>> On Fri, Dec 21 2007 at 4:30 +0200, Benjamin Herrenschmidt <> wrote:
>>> The sense buffer ins scsi_cmnd can nowadays be DMA'ed into directly
>>> by some low level drivers (that typically happens with USB mass
>>> storage).
>>> This is a problem on non cache coherent architectures such as
>>> embedded PowerPCs where the sense buffer can share cache lines with
>>> other structure members, which leads to various forms of corruption.
>>> This uses the newly defined __dma_buffer annotation to enforce that
>>> on such platforms, the sense_buffer is contained within its own
>>> cache line. This has no effect on cache coherent architectures.
>>> Signed-off-by: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <>
>>> ---
>>> include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h | 2 +-
>>> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>>> --- linux-merge.orig/include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h 2007-12-21 13:07:14.000000000 +1100
>>> +++ linux-merge/include/scsi/scsi_cmnd.h 2007-12-21 13:07:29.000000000 +1100
>>> @@ -88,7 +88,7 @@ struct scsi_cmnd {
>>> working on */
>>> - unsigned char sense_buffer[SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE];
>>> + unsigned char sense_buffer[SCSI_SENSE_BUFFERSIZE] __dma_buffer;
>>> /* obtained by REQUEST SENSE when
>>> * CHECK CONDITION is received on original
>>> * command (auto-sense) */
>> This has the potential of leaving a big fat ugly hole in the middle of
>> scsi_cmnd. I would suggest of *just* moving the sense_buffer array to be
>> the *first member* of struct scsi_cmnd. The command itself is already cache
>> aligned, allocated by the proper flags to it's slab. And put a fat comment
>> near it's definition.
>> This is until a proper fix is sent. I have in my Q a proposition for a
>> more prominent solution, which I will send next month. Do to short comings
>> in the sense handling and optimizations, but should definitely cover this
>> problem.
>> The code should have time to be discussed and tested, so it is only 2.6.26
>> material. For the duration of the 2.6.25 kernel we can live with a reorder
>> of scsi_cmnd members, if it solves such a grave bug for some ARCHs.
>> Boaz
>> ----
>> [RFD below]
>> My proposed solution will be has follows:
>> 1. Since the scsi protocol mandates an immediate REQUEST_SENSE after an error
>> in effect the Q is frozen until the REQUEST_SENSE command returns.
>> 2. The scsi-ml needs the sense buffer for its normal operation, independent
>> from the ULD's request of the sence_buffer or not at request->sense. But
>> in effect, 90% of all scsi-requests come with ULD's allocated buffer for
>> sense, that is copied to, on command completion.
>> 3. 99% of all commands complete successfully, so if an optimization is
>> proposed for the successful case, sacrificing a few cycles for the error
>> case than thats a good thing.
>> My suggestion is to have a per Q, driver-overridable, sense buffer that is
>> DMAed/written to by drivers. At the end of the REQUEST_SENSE command one
>> of 2 things will be done. Either copy the sense to the ULD's supplied buffer,
>> or if not available, allocate one from a dedicated mem_cache pool.
>> So we are completely saving 92 bytes from scsi_cmnd by replacing the buffer
>> with a pointer. We can always read the sense into a per Q buffer. And 10% of
>> %1 of the times we will need to allocate a sense buffer from a dedicated mem_cache
>> I would say thats a nice optimization.
>> The changes to scsi_error/scsi_cmnd and friends, is pretty strait forward. But
>> it depends on a conversion of 4/5 drivers to the new scsi_eh API for
>> REQUEST_SENSE. I have only converted these drivers that interfered with the accessors
>> effort + 1 other places. But there are a few more places that are not converted.
>> Once done. The implementation can easily change with no affect on drivers.
> I think that removing the sense_buffer array from scsi_cmnd effects
> lots of LLDs. As I wrote in other mail, many LLDs assume that
> scsi_cmnd:sense_buffer is always available. Another big task is to
> take care about auto sense.
> Have you already had some patches? I've just started to work on this
> and I'd like to push that fix into 2.6.25.

Tomo Hi.
Since you ask to push this into 2.6.25, I have ask permission to
prioritize this effort, as until now it was on a back burner.

I have only done 3 drivers up to now. (out of something like 15)

I have seen 4 patterns of "sense" use.

1. Driver allocated sense that is memcpy'ed in interrupt time to
The sense is automatically fetched by controller and is
usually pre-mapped.

2. dma-map of cmnd->sense prior to each command. similar to case-1
but DMAed directly into cmnd->sense buffer. (AutoSense)

3. Synchronous request for sense, like the places I sent patches
for. Where cmnd is re-used to map the REQUEST_SENSE read.

4. Do nothing and let scsi_error issue a request sense asynchronously.

What I did until now is, added a new API for case 1 - scsi_eh_cpy_sense(...) ,
and 3,4 are covered by the existing (new) APIs. Case-2 is hardest and I'll
fix it per-driver-case, like in iscsi it was very easy as it already have
a per command structure allocated.

I have not yet converted the scsi midlayer to any new system but my plan

Stage 1
1. convert all drivers to some new/old API where:
Those drivers with case-2 above, that can DMA_FROM_DEVICE
concurrently into more than one sense buffer, will change
specifically, to pre-allocate a can_queue number of buffers.

2. Change mid-layer to:
a. Pre-allocate one dma-able sense buffer per Q.
b. copy sense out of above, directly into ULD's allocated sense
buffer which was put on cmnd->request->sense
c. Those very *few* requests that come without ULD allocated
sense, allocate one for them out of a mempool.
(All regular file-system ULDs allocate a sense buffer)

Stage 2
I think I can see a way how to shuffle the mid-layer post-sense processing
directly in copy-sense time. So in case ULD did not "request sense" the
buffer can be discarded. But I'm not 100% sure about that.

Let me write up a sketch of what I mean which will include 3 drivers
that demonstrate above cases, and the mid-layer changes.
Then we can discus it and see if it makes sense (;)) to every body.
But let me have time until tomorrow night for that.


 \ /
  Last update: 2008-01-07 14:31    [W:0.082 / U:4.680 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site