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SubjectRe: [patch 1/3] move WARN_ON() out of line
Arjan van de Ven wrote:
> Jeremy Fitzhardinge wrote:
>> Arjan van de Ven wrote:
>>> This patch moves WARN_ON() out of line entirely. I've considered keeping
>>> the test inline and moving only the slowpath out of line, but I decided
>>> against that: an out of line test reduces the pressure on the CPUs
>>> branch predictor logic and gives smaller code, while a function call
>>> to a fixed location is quite fast. Likewise I've considered doing
>>> something
>>> similar to BUG() (eg use a trapping instruction) but that's not really
>>> better (it needs the test inline again and recovering from an invalid
>>> instruction isn't quite fun).
>>
>> Power implements WARN_ON this way, and all the machinery is in place to
>> generically implement WARN_ON that way if you want. It does generate
>> denser code than the call (since its just a single trapping instruction
>> with no need for argument setup), and the performance cost of the trap
>> shouldn't matter if warnings are rare (which one would hope).
>
> I just did an experiment with this to see how much is on the table. I made
> a file with 1024 WARN_ON()'s (new style, eg the out of line call) and
> 1024 BUG_ON()'s,
> which on i386 already use the trap.
> This shows that the BUG_ON() case is 2Kb shorter in generated code. From
> this 2Kb you
> need to subtract all the code size that is needed to deal with the trap
> and the module
> merging/unmerging of trap points etc etc, so lets say that a total of
> 1Kb is left on the table.
> HOWEVER, if you have a module with, say, only 4 WARN_ON()/BUG_ON()'s,
> you actually LOOSE
> 48 bytes, because of the extra overhead of how the trap data is stored.
>
> So... call me unconvinced for now. There's 30 Kb on the table with the
> easy, obviously safe
> transform, and maybe another 1Kb with the much more tricky trapping
> scenario, but only
> for the vmlinux case; the module case seems to be a loss instead.
>
>
Eh I have to retract my math here; I used a slightly older version of the WARN_ON patch series.
(before Ingo's suggestion)
In the new model, even at 1024 the out of line WARN_ON function call is smaller than the BUG_ON method.

So I think that at least for x86, it's a loss to do what you suggest....



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