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SubjectRe: [PATCH] Exporting capability code/name pairs
James Morris wrote:
> On Wed, 2 Jan 2008, KaiGai Kohei wrote:
>
>>> Another issue is that securityfs depends on CONFIG_SECURITY, which might be
>>> undesirable, given that capabilities are a standard feature.
>> We can implement this feature on another pseudo filesystems.
>> Do you think what filesystem is the best candidate?
>> I prefer procfs or sysfs instead.
>
> Sysfs makes more sense, as this information is system-wide and does not
> relate to specific processes.

The following patch enables to export any capabilities which are supported
on the working kernel, under the /sys/kernel/capability.
You can obtain the code/name pairs of capabilities with scanning this directory.

Signed-off-by: KaiGai Kohei <kaigai@ak.jp.nec.com>
--
kernel/Makefile | 9 +++++++++
kernel/capability.c | 36 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
scripts/mkcapnames.sh | 45 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 90 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)

diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
index dfa9695..29cd3ac 100644
--- a/kernel/Makefile
+++ b/kernel/Makefile
@@ -80,3 +80,12 @@ quiet_cmd_ikconfiggz = IKCFG $@
targets += config_data.h
$(obj)/config_data.h: $(obj)/config_data.gz FORCE
$(call if_changed,ikconfiggz)
+
+# cap_names.h contains the code/name pair of capabilities.
+# It is generated using include/linux/capability.h automatically.
+$(obj)/capability.o: $(obj)/cap_names.h
+quiet_cmd_cap_names = CAPS $@
+ cmd_cap_names = /bin/sh $(src)/../scripts/mkcapnames.sh > $@
+targets += cap_names.h
+$(obj)/cap_names.h: $(src)/../scripts/mkcapnames.sh $(src)/../include/linux/capability.h FORCE
+ $(call if_changed,cap_names)
diff --git a/kernel/capability.c b/kernel/capability.c
index efbd9cd..14b4f4b 100644
--- a/kernel/capability.c
+++ b/kernel/capability.c
@@ -245,3 +245,39 @@ int capable(int cap)
return __capable(current, cap);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(capable);
+
+/*
+ * Export the list of capabilities on /sys/kernel/capability
+ */
+#define SYSFS_CAPABILITY_ENTRY(_name, _fmt, ...) \
+ static ssize_t _name##_show(struct kset *kset, char *buffer) \
+ { \
+ return scnprintf(buffer, PAGE_SIZE, _fmt, __VA_ARGS__); \
+ } \
+ static struct subsys_attribute _name##_attr = __ATTR_RO(_name)
+
+/*
+ * capability_attrs[] is generated automatically by scripts/mkcapnames.sh
+ * This script parses include/linux/capability.h
+ */
+#include "cap_names.h"
+
+static struct attribute_group capability_attr_group = {
+ .name = "capability",
+ .attrs = capability_attrs,
+};
+
+static int __init capability_export_names(void)
+{
+ int rc;
+
+ rc = sysfs_create_group(&kernel_subsys.kobj,
+ &capability_attr_group);
+ if (rc) {
+ printk(KERN_ERR "Unable to export capabilities\n");
+ return rc;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+__initcall(capability_export_names);
diff --git a/scripts/mkcapnames.sh b/scripts/mkcapnames.sh
index e69de29..c1c8b1f 100644
--- a/scripts/mkcapnames.sh
+++ b/scripts/mkcapnames.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,45 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+#
+# generate a cap_names.h file from include/linux/capability.h
+#
+
+BASEDIR=`dirname $0`
+
+echo '#ifndef CAP_NAMES_H'
+echo '#define CAP_NAMES_H'
+echo
+echo '#ifndef SYSFS_CAPABILITY_ENTRY'
+echo '#error cap_names.h should be included from kernel/capability.c'
+echo '#else'
+
+echo 'SYSFS_CAPABILITY_ENTRY(version, "0x%08x\n", _LINUX_CAPABILITY_VERSION);'
+
+cat ${BASEDIR}/../include/linux/capability.h \
+ | egrep '^#define CAP_[A-Z_]+[ ]+[0-9]+$' \
+ | awk 'BEGIN {
+ max_code = -1;
+ }
+ {
+ if ($3 > max_code)
+ max_code = $3;
+ printf("\tSYSFS_CAPABILITY_ENTRY(%s, \"%%u\\n\", %s);\n", tolower($2), $2);
+ }
+ END {
+ printf("\tSYSFS_CAPABILITY_ENTRY(index, \"%%u\\n\", %u);\n", max_code);
+ }'
+
+echo
+echo 'static struct attribute *capability_attrs[] = {'
+echo ' &version_attr.attr,'
+echo ' &index_attr.attr,'
+
+cat ${BASEDIR}/../include/linux/capability.h \
+ | egrep '^#define CAP_[A-Z_]+[ ]+[0-9]+$' \
+ | awk '{ printf (" &%s_attr.attr,\n", tolower($2)); }'
+
+echo ' NULL,'
+echo '};'
+
+echo '#endif /* SYSFS_CAPABILITY_ENTRY */'
+echo '#endif /* CAP_NAMES_H */'

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