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Subject[PATCH] x86: ignore spurious faults
When changing a kernel page from RO->RW, it's OK to leave stale TLB
entries around, since doing a global flush is expensive and they pose
no security problem. They can, however, generate a spurious fault,
which we should catch and simply return from (which will have the
side-effect of reloading the TLB to the current PTE).

This can occur when running under Xen, because it frequently changes
kernel pages from RW->RO->RW to implement Xen's pagetable semantics.
It could also occur when using CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC, since it avoids
doing a global TLB flush after changing page permissions.

[ Changes to fault_32.c and fault_64.c are identical, and should be
easy unify when the time comes. ]

Signed-off-by: Jeremy Fitzhardinge <jeremy@xensource.com>
Cc: Harvey Harrison <harvey.harrison@gmail.com>
---
arch/x86/mm/fault_32.c | 52 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/mm/fault_64.c | 52 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
2 files changed, 104 insertions(+)
===================================================================
--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault_32.c
@@ -290,6 +290,53 @@ static int is_errata93(struct pt_regs *r


/*
+ * Handle a spurious fault caused by a stale TLB entry. This allows
+ * us to lazily refresh the TLB when increasing the permissions of a
+ * kernel page (RO -> RW or NX -> X). Doing it eagerly is very
+ * expensive since that implies doing a full cross-processor TLB
+ * flush, even if no stale TLB entries exist on other processors.
+ * There are no security implications to leaving a stale TLB when
+ * increasing the permissions on a page.
+ */
+static int spurious_fault(unsigned long address,
+ unsigned long error_code)
+{
+ pgd_t *pgd;
+ pud_t *pud;
+ pmd_t *pmd;
+ pte_t *pte;
+
+ /* Reserved-bit violation or user access to kernel space? */
+ if (error_code & (PF_USER | PF_RSVD))
+ return 0;
+
+ pgd = init_mm.pgd + pgd_index(address);
+ if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
+ return 0;
+
+ pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
+ if (!pud_present(*pud))
+ return 0;
+
+ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
+ if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
+ return 0;
+
+ pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address);
+ if (!pte_present(*pte))
+ return 0;
+ if ((error_code & 0x02) && !pte_write(*pte))
+ return 0;
+
+#if _PAGE_NX
+ if ((error_code & PF_INSTR) && !pte_exec(*pte))
+ return 0;
+#endif
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
* Handle a fault on the vmalloc or module mapping area
*
* This assumes no large pages in there.
@@ -412,6 +459,11 @@ void __kprobes do_page_fault(struct pt_r
if (!(error_code & (PF_RSVD|PF_USER|PF_PROT)) &&
vmalloc_fault(address) >= 0)
return;
+
+ /* Can handle a stale RO->RW TLB */
+ if (spurious_fault(address, error_code))
+ return;
+
/*
* Don't take the mm semaphore here. If we fixup a prefetch
* fault we could otherwise deadlock.
===================================================================
--- a/arch/x86/mm/fault_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/fault_64.c
@@ -275,6 +275,53 @@ static noinline void pgtable_bad(unsigne
}

/*
+ * Handle a spurious fault caused by a stale TLB entry. This allows
+ * us to lazily refresh the TLB when increasing the permissions of a
+ * kernel page (RO -> RW or NX -> X). Doing it eagerly is very
+ * expensive since that implies doing a full cross-processor TLB
+ * flush, even if no stale TLB entries exist on other processors.
+ * There are no security implications to leaving a stale TLB when
+ * increasing the permissions on a page.
+ */
+static int spurious_fault(unsigned long address,
+ unsigned long error_code)
+{
+ pgd_t *pgd;
+ pud_t *pud;
+ pmd_t *pmd;
+ pte_t *pte;
+
+ /* Reserved-bit violation or user access to kernel space? */
+ if (error_code & (PF_USER | PF_RSVD))
+ return 0;
+
+ pgd = init_mm.pgd + pgd_index(address);
+ if (!pgd_present(*pgd))
+ return 0;
+
+ pud = pud_offset(pgd, address);
+ if (!pud_present(*pud))
+ return 0;
+
+ pmd = pmd_offset(pud, address);
+ if (!pmd_present(*pmd))
+ return 0;
+
+ pte = pte_offset_kernel(pmd, address);
+ if (!pte_present(*pte))
+ return 0;
+ if ((error_code & 0x02) && !pte_write(*pte))
+ return 0;
+
+#if _PAGE_NX
+ if ((error_code & PF_INSTR) && !pte_exec(*pte))
+ return 0;
+#endif
+
+ return 1;
+}
+
+/*
* Handle a fault on the vmalloc area
*
* This assumes no large pages in there.
@@ -406,6 +453,11 @@ asmlinkage void __kprobes do_page_fault(
if (vmalloc_fault(address) >= 0)
return;
}
+
+ /* Can handle a stale RO->RW TLB */
+ if (spurious_fault(address, error_code))
+ return;
+
/*
* Don't take the mm semaphore here. If we fixup a prefetch
* fault we could otherwise deadlock.


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