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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/4] PM: Do not destroy/create devices while suspended (rev. 2)
On Wednesday, 2 of January 2008, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> * Rafael J. Wysocki <> wrote:
> > Hi,
> >
> > Some device drivers register CPU hotplug notifiers and use them to
> > destroy device objects when removing the corresponding CPUs and to
> > create these objects when adding the CPUs back.
> >
> > Unfortunately, this is not the right thing to do during
> > suspend/hibernation, since in that cases the CPU hotplug notifiers are
> > called after suspending devices and before resuming them, so the
> > operations in question are carried out on the objects representing
> > suspended devices which shouldn't be unregistered behing the PM core's
> > back.  Although right now it usually doesn't lead to any practical
> > complications, it will predictably deadlock if
> > gregkh-driver-pm-acquire-device-locks-prior-to-suspending.patch is
> > applied.
> >
> > The solution is to prevent drivers from removing/adding devices from
> > within CPU hotplug notifiers during suspend/hibernation using the
> > FROZEN bit in the notifier's action argument. However, this has to be
> > done with care, since the devices objects related to the nonboot CPUs
> > that failed to go online during resume should not be present in the
> > system. For this reason, it seems reasonable to introduce a mechanism
> > allowing drivers to ask the PM core to remove device objects
> > corresponding to suspended devices on their behalf.
> >
> > The first patch in the series introduces such a mechanism. The
> > remaining three patches modify the MSR, x86-64 MCE and cpuid drivers
> > in accordance with the above approach.
> btw., it would be really, really cool if there was a scriptable way i
> could test suspend/resume functionality.

First, there are patches queued for 2.6.25 that allow you to test various
phases of suspend (specifically, patches 09-11 in the series at

With these patches applied you can do something like:
# echo core > /sys/power/pm_test
# echo mem > /sys/power/state
and it will run the suspend code up to, but not including, entering the sleep
state (it will busy wait for 5 sec. instead). Then, it will run the resume

There are 6 testing levels available, documented in patch 11 and in the

Second, there's the rtc wakealarm thing that can be used to test the real

> Pavel has this /dev/rtc thing to set up an alarm (not sure how functional it
> is) - would it be possible to have it as a "suspend for 10 seconds then
> resume" debug functionality?

Well, we have the following test script in the userland suspend package that
is supposed to work right now:

cd /sys/class/rtc/rtc0
echo $(( $(cat since_epoch) + 20 )) > wakealarm

provided that the new rtc driver code is compiled (and the old one is not).

> That way any suspend breakage would be detectable (and bisectable) in
> automated testing - if the resume does not come back after 10-20 seconds then
> the test failed.

Yes, but please note that some systems require user space manipulations of the
graphics adapter for suspend to work and to detect a breakage of such a system
you need to boot it into X and use s2ram to suspend.

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