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SubjectRe: [PATCH] x86: kprobes change kprobe_handler flow
Hi Abhishek,

Abhishek Sagar wrote:
> On 1/2/08, Masami Hiramatsu <mhiramat@redhat.com> wrote:
>> I think setup_singlestep() in your first patch is better, because it avoided
>> code duplication(*).
>
> Will retain it then.

Thank you very much.

>>> static int __kprobes reenter_kprobe(struct kprobe *p, struct pt_regs *regs,
>>> struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb)
>>> {
>>> - if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_HIT_SS &&
>>> - *p->ainsn.insn == BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION) {
>>> - regs->flags &= ~X86_EFLAGS_TF;
>>> - regs->flags |= kcb->kprobe_saved_flags;
>>> - return 0;
>>> + int ret = 0;
>>> +
>>> + switch (kcb->kprobe_status) {
>>> + case KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE:
>>> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
>>> - } else if (kcb->kprobe_status == KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE) {
>>> - /* TODO: Provide re-entrancy from post_kprobes_handler() and
>>> - * avoid exception stack corruption while single-stepping on
>>> + /* TODO: Provide re-entrancy from
>>> + * post_kprobes_handler() and avoid exception
>>> + * stack corruption while single-stepping on
>> Why would you modify it?
>
> Do you mean the comment? I had this code in kprobe_handler earlier and
> it consistently exceeded 80 columns in my case. Will fix it anyways.

Yes, my previous patch already took care of it. Thanks.

>>> + ret = 1;
>>> + break;
>>> #endif
>>> + case KPROBE_HIT_ACTIVE:
>>> + /* a probe has been hit inside a
>>> + * user handler */
>>> + save_previous_kprobe(kcb);
>>> + set_current_kprobe(p, regs, kcb);
>>> + kprobes_inc_nmissed_count(p);
>>> + prepare_singlestep(p, regs);
>>> + kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_REENTER;
>>> + ret = 1;
>>> + break;
>>> + case KPROBE_HIT_SS:
>>> + if (*p->ainsn.insn == BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION) {
>>> + regs->flags &= ~TF_MASK;
>>> + regs->flags |= kcb->kprobe_saved_flags;
>>> + } else {
>>> + /* BUG? */
>>> + }
>>> + break;
>> If my thought is correct, we don't need to use swich-case here,
>> Because there are only 2 cases, KPROBE_HIT_SSDONE (x86-64 only)
>> or others.
>> As a result, this function just setups re-entrance.
>
> As you've also pointed out in your previous reply, this case is
> peculiar and therefore I believe it should be marked as a BUG(). I've
> left the original case, if (kcb->kprobe_status==KPROBE_HIT_SS) &&
> (*p->ainsn.insn == BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION), untouched and is handled
> as it was before. However, if (kcb->kprobe_status==KPROBE_HIT_SS) &&
> !(*p->ainsn.insn == BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION), then instead of
> incrementing nmissed count like before, it should cry out a BUG. This
> is not an ordinary recursive probe handling case which should update
> the nmissed count.

Hmm, I can not agree, because it is possible to insert a kprobe
into kprobe's instruction buffer. If it should be a bug, we must
check it when registering the kprobe.
(And also, in *p->ainsn.insn == BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION case, I doubt
that the kernel can handle this "orphaned" breakpoint, because the
breakpoint address has been changed.)

Anyway, if you would like to change the logic, please separate it from
cleanup patch.

>>> + default:
>>> + /* impossible cases */
>>> + BUG();
>> I think no need to check that here.
>
> It may not get hit at runtime but is quite informative.

OK, I see.

>
>>> static int __kprobes kprobe_handler(struct pt_regs *regs)
>>> {
>>> - struct kprobe *p;
>>> int ret = 0;
>>> kprobe_opcode_t *addr;
>>> + struct kprobe *p, *cur;
>>> struct kprobe_ctlblk *kcb;
>>>
>>> addr = (kprobe_opcode_t *)(regs->ip - sizeof(kprobe_opcode_t));
>>> + if (*addr != BREAKPOINT_INSTRUCTION) {
>>> + /*
>>> + * The breakpoint instruction was removed right
>>> + * after we hit it. Another cpu has removed
>>> + * either a probepoint or a debugger breakpoint
>>> + * at this address. In either case, no further
>>> + * handling of this interrupt is appropriate.
>>> + * Back up over the (now missing) int3 and run
>>> + * the original instruction.
>>> + */
>>> + regs->ip = (unsigned long)addr;
>>> + return 1;
>>> + }
>> I think this block changing would better be separated from this patch,
>> because it changes code flow logically.
>
> Agreed. I'll address this in another thread, but for now it is safest
> to check it for all cases right at the entry of kprobe_handler().

Thanks,

>>> -ss_probe:
>>> - ret = 1;
>>> -#if !defined(CONFIG_PREEMPT) || defined(CONFIG_PM)
>>> - if (p->ainsn.boostable == 1 && !p->post_handler) {
>>> - /* Boost up -- we can execute copied instructions directly */
>>> - reset_current_kprobe();
>>> - regs->ip = (unsigned long)p->ainsn.insn;
>>> - goto preempt_out;
>>> - }
>>> -#endif
>>> - prepare_singlestep(p, regs);
>>> - kcb->kprobe_status = KPROBE_HIT_SS;
>>> - goto out;
>>> -
>>> -preempt_out:
>>> - preempt_enable_no_resched();
>>> -out:
>>> + if (!ret)
>>> + preempt_enable_no_resched();
>> I think this is a bit ugly...
>> Why would you avoid using mutiple "return"s in this function?
>> I think you can remove "ret" from this function.
>
> Hmm...there the are no deeply nested if-elses nor overlapping paths
> which need to be avoided. All the nested checks unroll cleanly too.

Oh, I just mentioned about this "if (!ret)" condition.
Could you try to remove this "ret" variable?
I think some "ret=1" could be replaced by "return 1" easily.
Thank you,

>
> Thanks for your review!
> Abhishek

--
Masami Hiramatsu

Software Engineer
Hitachi Computer Products (America) Inc.
Software Solutions Division

e-mail: mhiramat@redhat.com, masami.hiramatsu.pt@hitachi.com



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