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Subject[PATCH] x86: Construct 32 bit boot time page tables in native format.
Specifically the boot time page tables in a CONFIG_X86_PAE=y enabled
kernel are in PAE format.

early_ioremap is updated to use the standard page table accessors.

Derived from an earlier patch by Eric Biederman.

Signed-off-by: Ian Campbell <ijc@hellion.org.uk>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
---
arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S | 116 +++++++++++++------------------------
arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c | 4 +
arch/x86/mm/Makefile_32 | 2 +-
arch/x86/mm/early_pgtable_32.c | 125 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/mm/init_32.c | 45 --------------
arch/x86/mm/ioremap_32.c | 53 ++++++++++-------
include/asm-x86/page_32.h | 1 -
include/asm-x86/pgtable_32.h | 4 -
8 files changed, 201 insertions(+), 149 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 arch/x86/mm/early_pgtable_32.c
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S b/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
index f409fe2..2090aa4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/head_32.S
@@ -33,44 +33,6 @@
#define X86_VENDOR_ID new_cpu_data+CPUINFO_x86_vendor_id

/*
- * This is how much memory *in addition to the memory covered up to
- * and including _end* we need mapped initially.
- * We need:
- * - one bit for each possible page, but only in low memory, which means
- * 2^32/4096/8 = 128K worst case (4G/4G split.)
- * - enough space to map all low memory, which means
- * (2^32/4096) / 1024 pages (worst case, non PAE)
- * (2^32/4096) / 512 + 4 pages (worst case for PAE)
- * - a few pages for allocator use before the kernel pagetable has
- * been set up
- *
- * Modulo rounding, each megabyte assigned here requires a kilobyte of
- * memory, which is currently unreclaimed.
- *
- * This should be a multiple of a page.
- */
-LOW_PAGES = 1<<(32-PAGE_SHIFT_asm)
-
-/*
- * To preserve the DMA pool in PAGEALLOC kernels, we'll allocate
- * pagetables from above the 16MB DMA limit, so we'll have to set
- * up pagetables 16MB more (worst-case):
- */
-#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_PAGEALLOC
-LOW_PAGES = LOW_PAGES + 0x1000000
-#endif
-
-#if PTRS_PER_PMD > 1
-PAGE_TABLE_SIZE = (LOW_PAGES / PTRS_PER_PMD) + PTRS_PER_PGD
-#else
-PAGE_TABLE_SIZE = (LOW_PAGES / PTRS_PER_PGD)
-#endif
-BOOTBITMAP_SIZE = LOW_PAGES / 8
-ALLOCATOR_SLOP = 4
-
-INIT_MAP_BEYOND_END = BOOTBITMAP_SIZE + (PAGE_TABLE_SIZE + ALLOCATOR_SLOP)*PAGE_SIZE_asm
-
-/*
* 32-bit kernel entrypoint; only used by the boot CPU. On entry,
* %esi points to the real-mode code as a 32-bit pointer.
* CS and DS must be 4 GB flat segments, but we don't depend on
@@ -160,47 +122,52 @@ num_subarch_entries = (. - subarch_entries) / 4
.previous
#endif /* CONFIG_PARAVIRT */

-/*
- * Initialize page tables. This creates a PDE and a set of page
- * tables, which are located immediately beyond _end. The variable
- * init_pg_tables_end is set up to point to the first "safe" location.
- * Mappings are created both at virtual address 0 (identity mapping)
- * and PAGE_OFFSET for up to _end+sizeof(page tables)+INIT_MAP_BEYOND_END.
- *
- * Warning: don't use %esi or the stack in this code. However, %esp
- * can be used as a GPR if you really need it...
- */
-page_pde_offset = (__PAGE_OFFSET >> 20);
+#define cr4_bits mmu_cr4_features-__PAGE_OFFSET

default_entry:
- movl $(pg0 - __PAGE_OFFSET), %edi
- movl $(swapper_pg_dir - __PAGE_OFFSET), %edx
- movl $0x007, %eax /* 0x007 = PRESENT+RW+USER */
-10:
- leal 0x007(%edi),%ecx /* Create PDE entry */
- movl %ecx,(%edx) /* Store identity PDE entry */
- movl %ecx,page_pde_offset(%edx) /* Store kernel PDE entry */
- addl $4,%edx
- movl $1024, %ecx
-11:
- stosl
- addl $0x1000,%eax
- loop 11b
- /* End condition: we must map up to and including INIT_MAP_BEYOND_END */
- /* bytes beyond the end of our own page tables; the +0x007 is the attribute bits */
- leal (INIT_MAP_BEYOND_END+0x007)(%edi),%ebp
- cmpl %ebp,%eax
- jb 10b
- movl %edi,(init_pg_tables_end - __PAGE_OFFSET)
-
- /* Do an early initialization of the fixmap area */
- movl $(swapper_pg_dir - __PAGE_OFFSET), %edx
- movl $(swapper_pg_pmd - __PAGE_OFFSET), %eax
- addl $0x67, %eax /* 0x67 == _PAGE_TABLE */
- movl %eax, 4092(%edx)
+ /* Setup the stack */
+ lss stack_start - __PAGE_OFFSET, %esp
+ subl $__PAGE_OFFSET, %esp
+
+ /* Initialize the boot page tables */
+ call early_pgtable_init
+
+ movl cr4_bits,%edx
+ andl %edx,%edx
+ jz 1f
+ movl %cr4,%eax # Turn on paging options (PSE,PAE,..)
+ orl %edx,%eax
+ movl %eax,%cr4
+1:
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
+ btl $5, %eax
+ jnc err_no_pae
+#endif

xorl %ebx,%ebx /* This is the boot CPU (BSP) */
jmp 3f
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
+err_no_pae:
+ /* It is probably too early but we might as well try... */
+#ifdef CONFIG_PRINTK
+ pusha
+ pushl %eax
+ pushl $err_no_pae_msg - __PAGE_OFFSET
+#ifdef CONFIG_EARLY_PRINTK
+ call early_printk - __PAGE_OFFSET
+#else
+ call printk - __PAGE_OFFSET
+#endif
+#endif
+ jmp hlt_loop
+
+err_no_pae_msg:
+ .ascii "cannot execute a PAE-enabled kernel on a PAE-less CPU!"
+ .ascii " (CR4 %lx)\n"
+ .byte 0
+#endif
+
/*
* Non-boot CPU entry point; entered from trampoline.S
* We can't lgdt here, because lgdt itself uses a data segment, but
@@ -237,7 +204,6 @@ ENTRY(startup_32_smp)
* NOTE! We have to correct for the fact that we're
* not yet offset PAGE_OFFSET..
*/
-#define cr4_bits mmu_cr4_features-__PAGE_OFFSET
movl cr4_bits,%edx
andl %edx,%edx
jz 6f
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
index c6f25cb..196c23b 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/setup_32.c
@@ -153,7 +153,11 @@ struct cpuinfo_x86 new_cpu_data __cpuinitdata = { 0, 0, 0, 0, -1, 1, 0, 0, -1 };
struct cpuinfo_x86 boot_cpu_data __read_mostly = { 0, 0, 0, 0, -1, 1, 0, 0, -1 };
EXPORT_SYMBOL(boot_cpu_data);

+#ifndef CONFIG_X86_PAE
unsigned long mmu_cr4_features;
+#else
+unsigned long mmu_cr4_features = X86_CR4_PAE;
+#endif

/* for MCA, but anyone else can use it if they want */
unsigned int machine_id;
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/Makefile_32 b/arch/x86/mm/Makefile_32
index 2f69025..1b8c09f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/Makefile_32
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/Makefile_32
@@ -2,7 +2,7 @@
# Makefile for the linux i386-specific parts of the memory manager.
#

-obj-y := init_32.o pgtable_32.o fault_32.o ioremap_32.o extable.o pageattr_32.o mmap.o pat.o ioremap.o
+obj-y := init_32.o pgtable_32.o fault_32.o ioremap_32.o extable.o pageattr_32.o mmap.o pat.o ioremap.o early_pgtable_32.o

obj-$(CONFIG_CPA_DEBUG) += pageattr-test.o
obj-$(CONFIG_NUMA) += discontig_32.o
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/early_pgtable_32.c b/arch/x86/mm/early_pgtable_32.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..dc5d648
--- /dev/null
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/early_pgtable_32.c
@@ -0,0 +1,125 @@
+/*
+ * Construct boot time page tables.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * Since a paravirt guest will never come down this path we want
+ * native style page table accessors here.
+ */
+#undef CONFIG_PARAVIRT
+
+#include <linux/pagemap.h>
+
+#include <asm/setup.h>
+
+/*
+ * This is how much memory *in addition to the memory covered up to
+ * and including _end* we need mapped initially. We need one bit for
+ * each possible page, but only in low memory, which means
+ * 2^32/4096/8 = 128K worst case (4G/4G split.)
+ *
+ * Modulo rounding, each megabyte assigned here requires a kilobyte of
+ * memory, which is currently unreclaimed.
+ *
+ * This should be a multiple of a page.
+ */
+#define INIT_MAP_BEYOND_END (128*1024)
+
+/*
+ * Initialize page tables. This creates a PDE and a set of page
+ * tables, which are located immediately beyond _end. The variable
+ * init_pg_tables_end is set up to point to the first "safe" location.
+ * Mappings are created both at virtual address 0 (identity mapping)
+ * and PAGE_OFFSET for up to _end+sizeof(page tables)+INIT_MAP_BEYOND_END.
+ *
+ * WARNING: This code runs at it's physical address not it's virtual address,
+ * with all physical everything identity mapped, and nothing else mapped.
+ * This means global variables must be done very carefully.
+ */
+#define __pavar(X) (*(__typeof__(X) *)__pa_symbol(&(X)))
+
+static inline __init pud_t *early_pud_offset(pgd_t *pgd, unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ return (pud_t *)(pgd + pgd_index(vaddr));
+}
+
+static inline __init pmd_t *early_pmd_offset(pud_t *pud, unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+#ifndef CONFIG_X86_PAE
+ return (pmd_t *)pud;
+#else
+ return ((pmd_t *)(u32)(pud_val(*pud) & PAGE_MASK))
+ + pmd_index(vaddr);
+#endif
+}
+
+static inline __init pte_t *early_pte_offset(pmd_t *pmd, unsigned long vaddr)
+{
+ return ((pte_t *)(u32)(pmd_val(*pmd) & PAGE_MASK))
+ + pte_index(vaddr);
+}
+
+static inline __init pmd_t *
+early_pmd_alloc(pgd_t *pgd_base, unsigned long vaddr, unsigned long *end)
+{
+ pud_t *pud = early_pud_offset(pgd_base, vaddr);
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
+ if (!(pud_val(*pud) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) {
+ unsigned long phys = *end;
+ memset((void *)phys, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
+ set_pud(pud, __pud(phys | _PAGE_PRESENT));
+ *end += PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+#endif
+ return early_pmd_offset(pud, vaddr);
+}
+
+static __init pte_t *
+early_pte_alloc(pgd_t *pgd_base, unsigned long vaddr, unsigned long *end)
+{
+ pmd_t *pmd;
+
+ pmd = early_pmd_alloc(pgd_base, vaddr, end);
+ if (!(pmd_val(*pmd) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) {
+ unsigned long phys = *end;
+ memset((void *)phys, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
+ set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(phys | _PAGE_TABLE));
+ *end += PAGE_SIZE;
+ }
+ return early_pte_offset(pmd, vaddr);
+}
+
+static __init void early_set_pte_phys(pgd_t *pgd_base, unsigned long vaddr,
+ unsigned long phys, unsigned long *end)
+{
+ pte_t *pte;
+ pte = early_pte_alloc(pgd_base, vaddr, end);
+ set_pte(pte, __pte(phys | _PAGE_KERNEL_EXEC));
+}
+
+void __init early_pgtable_init(void)
+{
+ unsigned long addr, end;
+ pgd_t *pgd_base;
+
+ pgd_base = __pavar(swapper_pg_dir);
+ end = __pa_symbol(pg0);
+
+ /* Initialize the directory page */
+ memset(pgd_base, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
+
+ /* Set up the fixmap page table */
+ early_pte_alloc(pgd_base, __pavar(__FIXADDR_TOP), &end);
+
+ /* Set up the initial kernel mapping */
+ for (addr = 0; addr < (end + INIT_MAP_BEYOND_END); addr += PAGE_SIZE)
+ early_set_pte_phys(pgd_base, addr + PAGE_OFFSET, addr, &end);
+
+
+ /* Set up the low identity mappings */
+ clone_pgd_range(pgd_base, pgd_base + USER_PTRS_PER_PGD,
+ min_t(unsigned long, KERNEL_PGD_PTRS, USER_PGD_PTRS));
+
+ __pavar(init_pg_tables_end) = end;
+}
diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c b/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c
index cbba769..2f94a3a 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/init_32.c
@@ -353,44 +353,11 @@ extern void __init remap_numa_kva(void);

void __init native_pagetable_setup_start(pgd_t *base)
{
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- int i;
-
- /*
- * Init entries of the first-level page table to the
- * zero page, if they haven't already been set up.
- *
- * In a normal native boot, we'll be running on a
- * pagetable rooted in swapper_pg_dir, but not in PAE
- * mode, so this will end up clobbering the mappings
- * for the lower 24Mbytes of the address space,
- * without affecting the kernel address space.
- */
- for (i = 0; i < USER_PTRS_PER_PGD; i++)
- set_pgd(&base[i],
- __pgd(__pa(empty_zero_page) | _PAGE_PRESENT));
-
- /* Make sure kernel address space is empty so that a pagetable
- will be allocated for it. */
- memset(&base[USER_PTRS_PER_PGD], 0,
- KERNEL_PGD_PTRS * sizeof(pgd_t));
-#else
paravirt_alloc_pd(__pa(swapper_pg_dir) >> PAGE_SHIFT);
-#endif
}

void __init native_pagetable_setup_done(pgd_t *base)
{
-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- /*
- * Add low memory identity-mappings - SMP needs it when
- * starting up on an AP from real-mode. In the non-PAE
- * case we already have these mappings through head.S.
- * All user-space mappings are explicitly cleared after
- * SMP startup.
- */
- set_pgd(&base[0], base[USER_PTRS_PER_PGD]);
-#endif
}

/*
@@ -559,14 +526,6 @@ void __init paging_init(void)

load_cr3(swapper_pg_dir);

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- /*
- * We will bail out later - printk doesn't work right now so
- * the user would just see a hanging kernel.
- */
- if (cpu_has_pae)
- set_in_cr4(X86_CR4_PAE);
-#endif
__flush_tlb_all();

kmap_init();
@@ -696,10 +655,6 @@ void __init mem_init(void)
BUG_ON((unsigned long)high_memory > VMALLOC_START);
#endif /* double-sanity-check paranoia */

-#ifdef CONFIG_X86_PAE
- if (!cpu_has_pae)
- panic("cannot execute a PAE-enabled kernel on a PAE-less CPU!");
-#endif
if (boot_cpu_data.wp_works_ok < 0)
test_wp_bit();

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/ioremap_32.c b/arch/x86/mm/ioremap_32.c
index 05a24cd..73a36cd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/ioremap_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/ioremap_32.c
@@ -226,40 +226,45 @@ static int __init early_ioremap_debug_setup(char *str)
__setup("early_ioremap_debug", early_ioremap_debug_setup);

static __initdata int after_paging_init;
-static __initdata unsigned long bm_pte[1024]
+static __initdata pte_t bm_pte[PAGE_SIZE/sizeof(pte_t)]
__attribute__((aligned(PAGE_SIZE)));

-static inline unsigned long * __init early_ioremap_pgd(unsigned long addr)
+static inline pmd_t * __init early_ioremap_pmd(unsigned long addr)
{
- return (unsigned long *)swapper_pg_dir + ((addr >> 22) & 1023);
+ pgd_t *pgd = &swapper_pg_dir[pgd_index(addr)];
+ pud_t *pud = pud_offset(pgd, addr);
+ pmd_t *pmd = pmd_offset(pud, addr);
+
+ return pmd;
}

-static inline unsigned long * __init early_ioremap_pte(unsigned long addr)
+static inline pte_t * __init early_ioremap_pte(unsigned long addr)
{
- return bm_pte + ((addr >> PAGE_SHIFT) & 1023);
+ return &bm_pte[pte_index(addr)];
}

void __init early_ioremap_init(void)
{
- unsigned long *pgd;
+ pmd_t *pmd;

if (early_ioremap_debug)
printk("early_ioremap_init()\n");

- pgd = early_ioremap_pgd(fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_BEGIN));
- *pgd = __pa(bm_pte) | _PAGE_TABLE;
+ pmd = early_ioremap_pmd(fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_BEGIN));
memset(bm_pte, 0, sizeof(bm_pte));
+ set_pmd(pmd, __pmd(__pa(bm_pte) | _PAGE_TABLE));
+
/*
- * The boot-ioremap range spans multiple pgds, for which
+ * The boot-ioremap range spans multiple pmds, for which
* we are not prepared:
*/
- if (pgd != early_ioremap_pgd(fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_END))) {
+ if (pmd != early_ioremap_pmd(fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_END))) {
WARN_ON(1);
- printk("pgd %p != %p\n",
- pgd, early_ioremap_pgd(fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_END)));
- printk("fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_BEGIN): %08lx\n",
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "pmd %p != %p\n",
+ pmd, early_ioremap_pmd(fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_END)));
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_BEGIN): %08lx\n",
fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_BEGIN));
- printk("fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_END): %08lx\n",
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_END): %08lx\n",
fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_END));

printk("FIX_BTMAP_END: %d\n", FIX_BTMAP_END);
@@ -269,27 +274,28 @@ void __init early_ioremap_init(void)

void __init early_ioremap_clear(void)
{
- unsigned long *pgd;
+ pmd_t *pmd;

if (early_ioremap_debug)
printk("early_ioremap_clear()\n");

- pgd = early_ioremap_pgd(fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_BEGIN));
- *pgd = 0;
+ pmd = early_ioremap_pmd(fix_to_virt(FIX_BTMAP_BEGIN));
+ pmd_clear(pmd);
__flush_tlb_all();
}

void __init early_ioremap_reset(void)
{
enum fixed_addresses idx;
- unsigned long *pte, phys, addr;
+ unsigned long addr, phys;
+ pte_t *pte;

after_paging_init = 1;
for (idx = FIX_BTMAP_BEGIN; idx <= FIX_BTMAP_END; idx--) {
addr = fix_to_virt(idx);
pte = early_ioremap_pte(addr);
- if (!*pte & _PAGE_PRESENT) {
- phys = *pte & PAGE_MASK;
+ if (!(pte_val(*pte) & _PAGE_PRESENT)) {
+ phys = pte_val(*pte) & PAGE_MASK;
set_fixmap(idx, phys);
}
}
@@ -298,7 +304,8 @@ void __init early_ioremap_reset(void)
static void __init __early_set_fixmap(enum fixed_addresses idx,
unsigned long phys, pgprot_t flags)
{
- unsigned long *pte, addr = __fix_to_virt(idx);
+ unsigned long addr = __fix_to_virt(idx);
+ pte_t *pte;

if (idx >= __end_of_fixed_addresses) {
BUG();
@@ -306,9 +313,9 @@ static void __init __early_set_fixmap(enum fixed_addresses idx,
}
pte = early_ioremap_pte(addr);
if (pgprot_val(flags))
- *pte = (phys & PAGE_MASK) | pgprot_val(flags);
+ set_pte(pte, pfn_pte(phys >> PAGE_SHIFT, flags));
else
- *pte = 0;
+ pte_clear(NULL, addr, pte);
__flush_tlb_one(addr);
}

diff --git a/include/asm-x86/page_32.h b/include/asm-x86/page_32.h
index 11c4b39..8fc0473 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/page_32.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/page_32.h
@@ -48,7 +48,6 @@ typedef unsigned long pgprotval_t;
typedef unsigned long phys_addr_t;

typedef union { pteval_t pte, pte_low; } pte_t;
-typedef pte_t boot_pte_t;

#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */
#endif /* CONFIG_X86_PAE */
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/pgtable_32.h b/include/asm-x86/pgtable_32.h
index 11c8b73..c07389b 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/pgtable_32.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/pgtable_32.h
@@ -55,10 +55,6 @@ int text_address(unsigned long);
#define USER_PGD_PTRS (PAGE_OFFSET >> PGDIR_SHIFT)
#define KERNEL_PGD_PTRS (PTRS_PER_PGD-USER_PGD_PTRS)

-#define TWOLEVEL_PGDIR_SHIFT 22
-#define BOOT_USER_PGD_PTRS (__PAGE_OFFSET >> TWOLEVEL_PGDIR_SHIFT)
-#define BOOT_KERNEL_PGD_PTRS (1024-BOOT_USER_PGD_PTRS)
-
/* Just any arbitrary offset to the start of the vmalloc VM area: the
* current 8MB value just means that there will be a 8MB "hole" after the
* physical memory until the kernel virtual memory starts. That means that
--
1.5.3.8


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