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SubjectRe: [PATCH 001 of 6] md: Fix an occasional deadlock in raid5
On Tue, 15 Jan 2008, Andrew Morton wrote:

> On Tue, 15 Jan 2008 21:01:17 -0800 (PST) dean gaudet <dean@arctic.org> wrote:
>
> > On Mon, 14 Jan 2008, NeilBrown wrote:
> >
> > >
> > > raid5's 'make_request' function calls generic_make_request on
> > > underlying devices and if we run out of stripe heads, it could end up
> > > waiting for one of those requests to complete.
> > > This is bad as recursive calls to generic_make_request go on a queue
> > > and are not even attempted until make_request completes.
> > >
> > > So: don't make any generic_make_request calls in raid5 make_request
> > > until all waiting has been done. We do this by simply setting
> > > STRIPE_HANDLE instead of calling handle_stripe().
> > >
> > > If we need more stripe_heads, raid5d will get called to process the
> > > pending stripe_heads which will call generic_make_request from a
> > > different thread where no deadlock will happen.
> > >
> > >
> > > This change by itself causes a performance hit. So add a change so
> > > that raid5_activate_delayed is only called at unplug time, never in
> > > raid5. This seems to bring back the performance numbers. Calling it
> > > in raid5d was sometimes too soon...
> > >
> > > Cc: "Dan Williams" <dan.j.williams@gmail.com>
> > > Signed-off-by: Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de>
> >
> > probably doesn't matter, but for the record:
> >
> > Tested-by: dean gaudet <dean@arctic.org>
> >
> > this time i tested with internal and external bitmaps and it survived 8h
> > and 14h resp. under the parallel tar workload i used to reproduce the
> > hang.
> >
> > btw this should probably be a candidate for 2.6.22 and .23 stable.
> >
>
> hm, Neil said
>
> The first fixes a bug which could make it a candidate for 24-final.
> However it is a deadlock that seems to occur very rarely, and has been in
> mainline since 2.6.22. So letting it into one more release shouldn't be
> a big problem. While the fix is fairly simple, it could have some
> unexpected consequences, so I'd rather go for the next cycle.
>
> food fight!
>

heheh.

it's really easy to reproduce the hang without the patch -- i could
hang the box in under 20 min on 2.6.22+ w/XFS and raid5 on 7x750GB.
i'll try with ext3... Dan's experiences suggest it won't happen with ext3
(or is even more rare), which would explain why this has is overall a
rare problem.

but it doesn't result in dataloss or permanent system hangups as long
as you can become root and raise the size of the stripe cache...

so OK i agree with Neil, let's test more... food fight over! :)

-dean


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