lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2008]   [Jan]   [10]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH] AMD Thermal Interrupt Support
All,

Here's the hopefully-final version of the patch, which I have just
tested on Intel and AMD.

In my AMD test, I happened to discover that although MCEs were being
logged, the MCE counter at
/sys/devices/system/cpu/cpu(whatever)/thermal_throttle/count was not
being updated. I fixed this by (1) moving smp_thermal_init from
late_initcall to device_initcall in mce_amd_64.c (2) moving
thermal_throttle_init_device from device_initcall to late_initcall in
therm_throt.c.

Thanks to Andi for his notes on how to hack up an indirect call in
AT&T-style X86-64.

To reiterate my earlier general description of the patch:

This patch adds thermal machine check event (MCE) support to AMD
Barcelona (and probably later, if new PCI IDs are added to
k8_northbridges[]), styled after the same in the Intel code. The
initialization consists of 3 parts: (1) northbridge, which enables the
delivery of the interrupt to the local APIC, (2) APIC, which enables
delivery to X86, and (3) hotplug support in threshold_cpu_callback(),
which accomplishes #2 for CPUs which (re)enter the OS later.

Whenever the temperature reaches the throttling threshold programmed
into a northbridge register (by the BIOS -- my code doesn't change
this value), a thermal interrupt is delivered. The interrupt is
delivered to the vector specified in the thermal APIC register at
(APIC_BASE + 0x330), which is identical to Intel. Because the vector
register is the same between both architectures, and because I don't
know which brand of CPU is present until runtime (if either),
thermal_interrupt in entry_64.S will branch to smp_thermal_interrupt
in mce_thermal.c. In turn, smp_thermal_interrupt will branch to the
CPU-specific code for handling the interrupt. (Apart from the common
vector location, AMD and Intel use radically different architectures
for the purpose of reporting throttling events.) At that point, an
MCE is logged if and only if the temperature has made a low-to-high
transition. Rate limiting is employed so as not to spam the log.

--
Russell Leidich
Signed-off-by: Russell Leidich <rml@google.com>
diff -uprN linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/Makefile linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/Makefile
--- linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/Makefile 2007-12-11 14:30:53.533297000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/Makefile 2007-12-11 11:56:20.549185000 -0800
@@ -1,4 +1,4 @@
-obj-y = mce_$(BITS).o therm_throt.o
+obj-y = mce_$(BITS).o therm_throt.o mce_thermal.o

obj-$(CONFIG_X86_32) += k7.o p4.o p5.o p6.o winchip.o
obj-$(CONFIG_X86_MCE_INTEL) += mce_intel_64.o
diff -uprN linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_amd_64.c linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_amd_64.c
--- linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_amd_64.c 2007-12-11 14:30:53.559298000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_amd_64.c 2008-01-10 16:14:28.684763000 -0800
@@ -20,15 +20,18 @@
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/kobject.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
+#include <linux/pci_ids.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/sysdev.h>
#include <linux/sysfs.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
-#include <asm/mce.h>
#include <asm/msr.h>
#include <asm/percpu.h>
#include <asm/idle.h>
+#include <asm/therm_throt.h>
+#include <asm/k8.h>
+#include "mce_thermal.h"

#define PFX "mce_threshold: "
#define VERSION "version 1.1.1"
@@ -46,6 +49,16 @@
#define MASK_ERR_COUNT_HI 0x00000FFF
#define MASK_BLKPTR_LO 0xFF000000
#define MCG_XBLK_ADDR 0xC0000400
+#define THERM_CTL_F3X64 0x64
+#define PSL_APIC_LO_EN 0x80
+#define PSL_APIC_HI_EN 0x40
+#define HTC_ACTIVE 0x10
+#define HTC_EN 1
+#define NB_PCI_DEV_BASE 0x18
+
+static int smp_thermal_interrupt_init(void);
+static int thermal_apic_init_allowed;
+static void thermal_apic_init(void *unused);

struct threshold_block {
unsigned int block;
@@ -657,6 +670,9 @@ static int threshold_cpu_callback(struct
case CPU_ONLINE:
case CPU_ONLINE_FROZEN:
threshold_create_device(cpu);
+ if (thermal_apic_init_allowed)
+ smp_call_function_single(cpu,
+ &thermal_apic_init, NULL, 1, 0);
break;
case CPU_DEAD:
case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
@@ -665,7 +681,7 @@ static int threshold_cpu_callback(struct
default:
break;
}
- out:
+out:
return NOTIFY_OK;
}

@@ -688,3 +704,182 @@ static __init int threshold_init_device(
}

device_initcall(threshold_init_device);
+
+/*
+ * AMD-specific thermal interrupt handler.
+ */
+void amd_smp_thermal_interrupt(void)
+{
+ unsigned int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+ ack_APIC_irq();
+ exit_idle();
+ irq_enter();
+ /*
+ * We're here because thermal throttling has just been activated -- not
+ * deactivated -- hence therm_throt_process(1).
+ */
+ if (therm_throt_process(1))
+ mce_log_therm_throt_event(cpu, 1);
+ /*
+ * We'll still get subsequent interrupts even if we don't clear the
+ * status bit in THERM_CTL_F3X64. Take advantage of this fact to avoid
+ * wasting time and icache by touching PCI config space.
+ */
+ irq_exit();
+}
+
+/*
+ * Initialize each northbridge's thermal throttling logic.
+ */
+static void smp_thermal_northbridge_init(void)
+{
+ int nb_num;
+ u32 therm_ctl_f3x64;
+
+ for (nb_num = 0; nb_num < num_k8_northbridges; nb_num++) {
+ /*
+ * Configure the thermal interrupt for this northbridge.
+ */
+ pci_read_config_dword(k8_northbridges[nb_num],
+ THERM_CTL_F3X64, &therm_ctl_f3x64);
+ therm_ctl_f3x64 |= PSL_APIC_HI_EN | HTC_EN;
+ therm_ctl_f3x64 &= (~PSL_APIC_LO_EN);
+ pci_write_config_dword(k8_northbridges[nb_num],
+ THERM_CTL_F3X64, therm_ctl_f3x64);
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Northbridge at PCI device 0x%x: "
+ "thermal monitoring enabled.\n", NB_PCI_DEV_BASE +
+ nb_num);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Enable the delivery of thermal interrupts via the local APIC.
+ */
+static void thermal_apic_init(void *unused)
+{
+ unsigned int apic_lv_therm;
+
+ /* Set up APIC_LVTTHMR to issue THERMAL_APIC_VECTOR. */
+ apic_lv_therm = apic_read(APIC_LVTTHMR);
+ /*
+ * See if some agent other than this routine has already initialized
+ * APIC_LVTTHMR, i.e. if it's unmasked, but not equal to the value that
+ * we would have programmed, had we been here before on this core.
+ */
+ if ((!(apic_lv_therm & APIC_LVT_MASKED)) && ((apic_lv_therm &
+ (APIC_MODE_MASK | APIC_VECTOR_MASK)) != (APIC_DM_FIXED |
+ THERMAL_APIC_VECTOR))) {
+ unsigned int cpu = smp_processor_id();
+
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "CPU 0x%x: Thermal monitoring not "
+ "functional.\n", cpu);
+ if ((apic_lv_therm & APIC_MODE_MASK) == APIC_DM_SMI)
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "Thermal interrupts already "
+ "handled by SMI according to (((local APIC "
+ "base) + 0x330) bit 0x9).\n");
+ else
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "Thermal interrupts unexpectedly "
+ "enabled at (((local APIC base) + 0x330) bit "
+ "0x10).\n");
+ } else {
+ /*
+ * Configure the Local Thermal Vector Table Entry to issue
+ * issue thermal interrupts to THERMAL_APIC_VECTOR.
+ *
+ * Start by masking off Delivery Mode and Vector.
+ */
+ apic_lv_therm &= ~(APIC_MODE_MASK | APIC_VECTOR_MASK);
+ /* Fixed interrupt, masked for now. */
+ apic_lv_therm |= APIC_LVT_MASKED | APIC_DM_FIXED |
+ THERMAL_APIC_VECTOR;
+ apic_write(APIC_LVTTHMR, apic_lv_therm);
+ /*
+ * The Intel thermal kernel code implies that there may be a
+ * race involving the mask bit, so clear it only now, after
+ * the other bits have settled.
+ */
+ apic_write(APIC_LVTTHMR, apic_lv_therm & ~APIC_LVT_MASKED);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+* This function is intended to be called just after thermal throttling has
+ * been enabled. It warns the user if throttling is already active, which
+ * could indicate a failed cooling system. It may be the last chance to get
+ * a warning out before thermal shutdown occurs.
+ */
+static void smp_thermal_early_throttle_check(void)
+{
+ int nb_num;
+ u32 therm_ctl_f3x64;
+
+ for (nb_num = 0; nb_num < num_k8_northbridges; nb_num++) {
+ /*
+ * Read back THERM_CTL_F3X64 to check whther HTC_ACTIVE is
+ * asserted, in which case, warn the user.
+ */
+ pci_read_config_dword(k8_northbridges[nb_num],
+ THERM_CTL_F3X64, &therm_ctl_f3x64);
+ if (therm_ctl_f3x64 & HTC_ACTIVE)
+ printk(KERN_WARNING "High temperature on northbridge "
+ "at PCI device 0x%x. Throttling enabled.\n",
+ NB_PCI_DEV_BASE + nb_num);
+ }
+}
+
+/*
+ * Determine whether or not the northbridges support thermal throttling
+ * interrupts. If so, initialize them for receiving the same, then perform
+ * corresponding APIC initialization on each core.
+ *
+ * Due to an erratum involving the thermal sensor, this code does not work on
+ * any CPU prior to Family 0x10 (AMD Quad Core).
+ */
+static int smp_thermal_interrupt_init(void)
+{
+ int nb_num;
+
+ if (num_k8_northbridges == 0)
+ goto out;
+ /*
+ * If any of the northbridges has PCI ID 0x1103, then its thermal
+ * hardware suffers from an erratum which prevents this code from
+ * working, so abort. (This implies that it only works on Family
+ * 0x10 (AMD Quad Core).)
+ */
+ for (nb_num = 0; nb_num < num_k8_northbridges; nb_num++) {
+ if ((k8_northbridges[nb_num]->device) == 0x1103)
+ goto out;
+ }
+ /*
+ * Assert that we should log thermal throttling events, whenever
+ * we eventually get around to enabling them.
+ */
+ atomic_set(&therm_throt_en, 1);
+ /*
+ * Bind smp_thermal_interrupt() to amd_smp_thermal_interrupt().
+ */
+ smp_thermal_interrupt = amd_smp_thermal_interrupt;
+ smp_thermal_northbridge_init();
+ /*
+ * We've now initialized sufficient fabric to permit the
+ * initialization of the thermal interrupt APIC vectors, such as
+ * when a core comes online and calls threshold_cpu_callback().
+ */
+ thermal_apic_init_allowed = 1;
+ /*
+ * Call thermal_apic_init() on each core.
+ */
+ on_each_cpu(&thermal_apic_init, NULL, 1, 0);
+ smp_thermal_early_throttle_check();
+out:
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Ensure that smp_thermal_interrupt_init() does not execute before the PCI map
+ * contains all the northbridges.
+ */
+device_initcall(smp_thermal_interrupt_init);
+
diff -uprN linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_intel_64.c linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_intel_64.c
--- linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_intel_64.c 2007-12-11 14:30:53.564303000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_intel_64.c 2008-01-09 18:32:44.776753000 -0800
@@ -8,24 +8,21 @@
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <asm/processor.h>
#include <asm/msr.h>
-#include <asm/mce.h>
#include <asm/hw_irq.h>
#include <asm/idle.h>
#include <asm/therm_throt.h>
+#include "mce_thermal.h"

-asmlinkage void smp_thermal_interrupt(void)
+void intel_smp_thermal_interrupt(void)
{
__u64 msr_val;

ack_APIC_irq();
-
exit_idle();
irq_enter();
-
rdmsrl(MSR_IA32_THERM_STATUS, msr_val);
if (therm_throt_process(msr_val & 1))
mce_log_therm_throt_event(smp_processor_id(), msr_val);
-
add_pda(irq_thermal_count, 1);
irq_exit();
}
@@ -75,6 +72,10 @@ static void __cpuinit intel_init_thermal
wrmsr(MSR_IA32_MISC_ENABLE, l | (1 << 3), h);

l = apic_read(APIC_LVTTHMR);
+ /*
+ * Bind smp_thermal_interrupt() to intel_smp_thermal_interrupt().
+ */
+ smp_thermal_interrupt = intel_smp_thermal_interrupt;
apic_write(APIC_LVTTHMR, l & ~APIC_LVT_MASKED);
printk(KERN_INFO "CPU%d: Thermal monitoring enabled (%s)\n",
cpu, tm2 ? "TM2" : "TM1");
diff -uprN linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_thermal.c linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_thermal.c
--- linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_thermal.c 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_thermal.c 2008-01-04 15:45:40.686775000 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+/*
+ * Copyright (c) 2007 Google Inc.
+ *
+ * Written by Mike Waychison <mikew@google.com> and Russell Leidich
+ * <rml@google.com>.
+ *
+ * CPU-independent thermal interrupt handler.
+ */
+
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <linux/interrupt.h>
+#include <asm/hw_irq.h>
+#include <asm/idle.h>
+#include "mce_thermal.h"
+
+static void default_smp_thermal_interrupt(void)
+{
+ if (printk_ratelimit())
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "Unexpected thermal throttling interrupt.\n");
+}
+
+smp_thermal_interrupt_callback_t smp_thermal_interrupt
+ = default_smp_thermal_interrupt;
+
diff -uprN linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_thermal.h linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_thermal.h
--- linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_thermal.h 1969-12-31 16:00:00.000000000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/mce_thermal.h 2008-01-04 15:53:07.614658000 -0800
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@
+#include <linux/init.h>
+#include <asm/mce.h>
+
+typedef void (*smp_thermal_interrupt_callback_t)(void);
+extern smp_thermal_interrupt_callback_t smp_thermal_interrupt;
+
+void mce_log_therm_throt_event(unsigned int cpu, __u64 status);
+
diff -uprN linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/therm_throt.c linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/therm_throt.c
--- linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/therm_throt.c 2007-12-11 14:30:53.607298000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/mcheck/therm_throt.c 2008-01-10 16:17:53.628335000 -0800
@@ -184,5 +184,10 @@ static __init int thermal_throttle_init_
return 0;
}

-device_initcall(thermal_throttle_init_device);
+/*
+ * thermal_throttle_init_device() must happen after the thermal throttling
+ * apparatus has been initialized on all supporting architectures, hence the
+ * following late_initcall().
+ */
+late_initcall(thermal_throttle_init_device);
#endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */
diff -uprN linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S
--- linux-2.6.24-rc5.orig/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S 2007-12-11 14:30:53.756297000 -0800
+++ linux-2.6.24-rc5/arch/x86/kernel/entry_64.S 2008-01-09 10:30:56.356975000 -0800
@@ -649,7 +649,7 @@ END(common_interrupt)
.endm

ENTRY(thermal_interrupt)
- apicinterrupt THERMAL_APIC_VECTOR,smp_thermal_interrupt
+ apicinterrupt THERMAL_APIC_VECTOR,*smp_thermal_interrupt(%rip)
END(thermal_interrupt)

ENTRY(threshold_interrupt)
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2008-01-11 03:23    [W:0.123 / U:6.124 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site