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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/3] build system: section garbage collection for vmlinux
On Wed, Sep 05, 2007 at 07:40:15PM +0100, Denys Vlasenko wrote:
> On Wednesday 05 September 2007 14:55, Denys Vlasenko wrote:
> > Part 3:
> >
> > Makefile:
> > init/Kconfig:
> > add config DISCARD_UNUSED_SECTIONS with appropriate
> > big scary warning. It enables gcc and ld options
> > for section garbage collection.
>
> At it typically happens, last-minute "obviously correct" change was a mistake.
>
> This doesn't work as intended:
>
> LDFLAGS_vmlinux += $(call ld-option, --gc-sections)
>
> With the above line, --gc-sections doesn't get added,
> and vmlinux is not garbage collected.
Did you find out why it does not work?
>
> It must be
>
> LDFLAGS_vmlinux += --gc-sections
Doing a normal kernel build will link vmlinux three or four times.
If we introduce --gc-sections we should add a preparational link of
vmlinux where we use --gc-sections and skip it for the rest of the links
assuming that --gc-sections takes some time for ld to do.

I have already tried to introduce such a preparatioanl link
of vmlinux - patch attached.
I skipped this patch because suprisingly it was no win for a kernelbuild.
ld seems not to be more effective using a prelinked vmlinux.o compared to several
.o files.

I know ths prelinked vmlinux.o does not include the init stuff but
that is so little that it is not interesting for your patch.

Sam

diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
index 350dedb..2cc0fd7 100644
--- a/Makefile
+++ b/Makefile
@@ -592,7 +592,7 @@ libs-y := $(libs-y1) $(libs-y2)
# +-< $(vmlinux-init)
# | +--< init/version.o + more
# |
-# +--< $(vmlinux-main)
+# +--< vmlinux.o
# | +--< driver/built-in.o mm/built-in.o + more
# |
# +-< kallsyms.o (see description in CONFIG_KALLSYMS section)
@@ -608,17 +608,16 @@ libs-y := $(libs-y1) $(libs-y2)

vmlinux-init := $(head-y) $(init-y)
vmlinux-main := $(core-y) $(libs-y) $(drivers-y) $(net-y)
-vmlinux-all := $(vmlinux-init) $(vmlinux-main)
vmlinux-lds := arch/$(ARCH)/kernel/vmlinux.lds
-export KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJS := $(vmlinux-all)
+export KBUILD_VMLINUX_OBJS := $(vmlinux-init) vmlinux.o

# Rule to link vmlinux - also used during CONFIG_KALLSYMS
# May be overridden by arch/$(ARCH)/Makefile
quiet_cmd_vmlinux__ ?= LD $@
cmd_vmlinux__ ?= $(LD) $(LDFLAGS) $(LDFLAGS_vmlinux) -o $@ \
-T $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-init) \
- --start-group $(vmlinux-main) --end-group \
- $(filter-out $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-init) $(vmlinux-main) vmlinux.o FORCE ,$^)
+ --start-group vmlinux.o --end-group \
+ $(filter-out $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-init) vmlinux.o FORCE ,$^)

# Generate new vmlinux version
quiet_cmd_vmlinux_version = GEN .version
@@ -718,13 +717,13 @@ quiet_cmd_kallsyms = KSYM $@
$(call cmd,kallsyms)

# .tmp_vmlinux1 must be complete except kallsyms, so update vmlinux version
-.tmp_vmlinux1: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-all) FORCE
+.tmp_vmlinux1: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-init) vmlinux.o FORCE
$(call if_changed_rule,ksym_ld)

-.tmp_vmlinux2: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-all) .tmp_kallsyms1.o FORCE
+.tmp_vmlinux2: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-init) vmlinux.o .tmp_kallsyms1.o FORCE
$(call if_changed,vmlinux__)

-.tmp_vmlinux3: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-all) .tmp_kallsyms2.o FORCE
+.tmp_vmlinux3: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-init) vmlinux.o .tmp_kallsyms2.o FORCE
$(call if_changed,vmlinux__)

# Needs to visit scripts/ before $(KALLSYMS) can be used.
@@ -742,31 +741,22 @@ debug_kallsyms: .tmp_map$(last_kallsyms)

endif # ifdef CONFIG_KALLSYMS

-# Do modpost on a prelinked vmlinux. The finally linked vmlinux has
-# relevant sections renamed as per the linker script.
-quiet_cmd_vmlinux-modpost = LD $@
- cmd_vmlinux-modpost = $(LD) $(LDFLAGS) -r -o $@ \
- $(vmlinux-init) --start-group $(vmlinux-main) --end-group \
- $(filter-out $(vmlinux-init) $(vmlinux-main) $(vmlinux-lds) FORCE ,$^)
-define rule_vmlinux-modpost
- :
- +$(call cmd,vmlinux-modpost)
- $(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/scripts/Makefile.modpost $@
- $(Q)echo 'cmd_$@ := $(cmd_vmlinux-modpost)' > $(dot-target).cmd
-endef
+# Link the kernel except init parts - for use in subsequent links
+quiet_cmd_vmlinux-main = LD $@
+ cmd_vmlinux-main = $(LD) $(LDFLAGS) -r -o $@ \
+ --start-group $(filter-out FORCE, $^) --end-group
+
+vmlinux.o: $(vmlinux-main) FORCE
+ $(call if_changed,vmlinux-main)

# vmlinux image - including updated kernel symbols
-vmlinux: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-init) $(vmlinux-main) $(kallsyms.o) vmlinux.o FORCE
+vmlinux: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-init) $(kallsyms.o) vmlinux.o FORCE
ifdef CONFIG_HEADERS_CHECK
$(Q)$(MAKE) -f $(srctree)/Makefile headers_check
endif
- $(call vmlinux-modpost)
$(call if_changed_rule,vmlinux__)
$(Q)rm -f .old_version

-vmlinux.o: $(vmlinux-lds) $(vmlinux-init) $(vmlinux-main) $(kallsyms.o) FORCE
- $(call if_changed_rule,vmlinux-modpost)
-
# The actual objects are generated when descending,
# make sure no implicit rule kicks in
$(sort $(vmlinux-init) $(vmlinux-main)) $(vmlinux-lds): $(vmlinux-dirs) ;
-
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