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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/6] cpuset aware writeback
Perform writeback and dirty throttling with awareness of cpuset mem_allowed.

The theory of operation has two primary elements:

1. Add a nodemask per mapping which indicates the nodes
which have set PageDirty on any page of the mappings.

2. Add a nodemask argument to wakeup_pdflush() which is
propagated down to sync_sb_inodes.

This leaves sync_sb_inodes() with two nodemasks. One is passed to it and
specifies the nodes the caller is interested in syncing, and will either
be null (i.e. all nodes) or will be cpuset_current_mems_allowed in the
caller's context.

The second nodemask is attached to the inode's mapping and shows who has
modified data in the inode. sync_sb_inodes() will then skip syncing of
inodes if the nodemask argument does not intersect with the mapping
nodemask.

cpuset_current_mems_allowed will be passed in to pdflush
background_writeout by try_to_free_pages and balance_dirty_pages.
balance_dirty_pages also passes the nodemask in to writeback_inodes
directly when doing active reclaim.

Other callers do not limit inode writeback, passing in a NULL nodemask
pointer.

A final change is to get_dirty_limits. It takes a nodemask argument, and
when it is null there is no change in behavior. If the nodemask is set,
page statistics are accumulated only for specified nodes, and the
background and throttle dirty ratios will be read from a new per-cpuset
ratio feature.

For testing I did a variety of basic tests, verifying individual
features of the test. To verify that it fixes the core problem, I
created a stress test which involved using cpusets and mems_allowed
to split memory so that all daemons had memory set aside for them, and
my memory stress test had a separate set of memory. The stress test was
mmaping 7GB of a very large file on disk. It then scans the entire 7GB
of memory reading and modifying each byte. 7GB is more than the amount
of physical memory made available to the stress test.

Using iostat I can see the initial period of reading from disk, followed
by a period of simultaneous reads and writes as dirty bytes are pushed
to make room for new reads.

In a separate log-in, in the other cpuset, I am running:

while `true`; do date | tee -a date.txt; sleep 5; done
date.txt resides on the same disk as the large file mentioned above. The
above while-loop serves the dual purpose of providing me visual clues of
progress along with the opportunity for the "tee" command to become
throttled writing to the disk.

The effect of this patchset is straightforward. Without it there are
long hangs between appearances of the date. With it the dates are all 5
(or sometimes 6) seconds apart.

I also added printks to the kernel to verify that, without these
patches, the tee was being throttled (along with lots of other things),
and with the patch only pdflush is being throttled.

These patches are mostly unchanged from Chris Lameter's original
changelist posted previously to linux-mm.

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