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SubjectRe: high system cpu load during intense disk i/o
Andrew Morton wrote:
> On Sun, 5 Aug 2007 19:03:12 +0300 Dimitrios Apostolou <jimis@gmx.net> wrote:
>
>> was my report so complicated?
>
> We're bad.
>
> Seems that your context switch rate when running two instances of
> badblocks against two different disks went batshit insane. It doesn't
> happen here.

Hello again,

I run some more tests and figured out that the problem occurs only when
the I/O is writing to disk. Indeed, when I run two badblocks without the
-w switch, read-only that is, the oprofile output seems normal
(two_discs_read.txt). So does the vmstat output:


procs -----------memory---------- ---swap-- -----io---- -system--
----cpu----
r b swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs us sy
id wa
4 2 0 24136 87124 95660 0 0 28288 0 449 724 92 8
0 0
4 2 0 24076 87136 95648 0 0 28160 12 446 749 91 9
0 0
4 2 0 24016 87144 95664 0 0 28096 88 444 790 89 11
0 0
4 2 0 24016 87144 95664 0 0 28288 0 444 705 88 12
0 0
4 2 0 24016 87144 95660 0 0 28288 0 448 737 95 5
0 0
As you can see the context switching rate is greater now but the system
CPU load much less, than that of two_discs_bad.txt.

However the cron jobs still seem to have a hard time finishing, even
though they seem now to consume about 90% CPU time. Could someone please
explain me some things that seem vital to understanding the situation?

Firstly, what is that "processor" line in the oprofile output without
symbols? And why does *it* take all the CPU and not other important
processes? Finally what do the kernel symbols "__switch_to" and
"schedule" represent?


Thanks in advance,
Dimitris
Mon Aug 6 17:32:15 EEST 2007
Using default event: CPU_CLK_UNHALTED:100000:0:1:1
Daemon started.
Profiler running.
Stopping profiling.
Killing daemon.


CPU: PIII, speed 798.031 MHz (estimated)
Counted CPU_CLK_UNHALTED events (clocks processor is not halted) with a unit mask of 0x00 (No unit mask) count 100000
CPU_CLK_UNHALT...|
samples| %|
------------------
1893 43.9415 processor
1409 32.7066 vmlinux
346 8.0316 libc-2.6.so
217 5.0371 bash
CPU_CLK_UNHALT...|
samples| %|
------------------
216 99.5392 bash
1 0.4608 anon (tgid:29407 range:0xb7f90000-0xb7f91000)
141 3.2730 ld-2.6.so
105 2.4373 ide_core
43 0.9981 ext3
42 0.9749 ISO8859-1.so
24 0.5571 jbd
23 0.5339 oprofiled
CPU_CLK_UNHALT...|
samples| %|
------------------
22 95.6522 oprofiled
1 4.3478 anon (tgid:29402 range:0xb7f1d000-0xb7f1e000)
18 0.4178 oprofile
9 0.2089 reiserfs
6 0.1393 libcrypto.so.0.9.8
5 0.1161 grep
4 0.0929 locale-archive
3 0.0696 gawk
3 0.0696 badblocks
3 0.0696 screen-4.0.3
3 0.0696 imap-login
CPU_CLK_UNHALT...|
samples| %|
------------------
1 33.3333 imap-login
1 33.3333 anon (tgid:28108 range:0xb7eea000-0xb7eeb000)
1 33.3333 anon (tgid:3944 range:0xb7fc8000-0xb7fc9000)
2 0.0464 libpthread-2.6.so
1 0.0232 less
1 0.0232 ls
1 0.0232 rm
1 0.0232 sleep
1 0.0232 libext2fs.so.2.4
1 0.0232 libncurses.so.5.6
1 0.0232 init
1 0.0232 sshd
1 0.0232 syslog-ng


CPU: PIII, speed 798.031 MHz (estimated)
Counted CPU_CLK_UNHALTED events (clocks processor is not halted) with a unit mask of 0x00 (No unit mask) count 100000
samples % symbol name
162 11.4975 do_wp_page
147 10.4329 native_safe_halt
49 3.4776 __blockdev_direct_IO
45 3.1938 __handle_mm_fault
34 2.4131 put_page
33 2.3421 get_page_from_freelist
27 1.9163 page_fault
24 1.7033 unmap_vmas
22 1.5614 __bio_add_page
20 1.4194 acpi_pm_read
20 1.4194 follow_page
19 1.3485 copy_process
19 1.3485 find_get_page
18 1.2775 __link_path_walk
17 1.2065 irq_entries_start
16 1.1356 delay_tsc
15 1.0646 __d_lookup
15 1.0646 mask_and_ack_8259A
14 0.9936 copy_page_range
14 0.9936 kmem_cache_alloc
14 0.9936 page_address
13 0.9226 dio_send_cur_page
13 0.9226 find_vma
13 0.9226 strnlen_user
12 0.8517 do_page_fault
12 0.8517 radix_tree_lookup
12 0.8517 submit_page_section
11 0.7807 acpi_os_read_port
11 0.7807 schedule
10 0.7097 __copy_to_user_ll
10 0.7097 __find_get_block
10 0.7097 dio_get_page
10 0.7097 do_mmap_pgoff
10 0.7097 native_io_delay
9 0.6388 blk_recount_segments
9 0.6388 filemap_nopage
8 0.5678 bio_add_page
8 0.5678 dio_bio_add_page
8 0.5678 load_elf_binary
8 0.5678 memcpy
7 0.4968 pit_next_event
6 0.4258 acpi_os_write_port
6 0.4258 bio_alloc_bioset
6 0.4258 free_pgtables
5 0.3549 kmem_cache_free
5 0.3549 mark_page_accessed
5 0.3549 restore_nocheck
5 0.3549 strncpy_from_user
5 0.3549 sysenter_past_esp
4 0.2839 __copy_from_user_ll
4 0.2839 __inc_zone_state
4 0.2839 __mutex_lock_slowpath
4 0.2839 _spin_lock_irqsave
4 0.2839 blk_rq_map_sg
4 0.2839 current_fs_time
4 0.2839 end_that_request_last
4 0.2839 error_code
4 0.2839 generic_make_request
4 0.2839 generic_permission
4 0.2839 get_user_pages
4 0.2839 getnstimeofday
4 0.2839 hweight32
4 0.2839 max_block
4 0.2839 sched_clock
4 0.2839 try_to_wake_up
4 0.2839 vfs_read
4 0.2839 vma_merge
3 0.2129 __alloc_pages
3 0.2129 __find_get_block_slow
3 0.2129 __fput
3 0.2129 bio_init
3 0.2129 cache_alloc_refill
3 0.2129 cfq_insert_request
3 0.2129 cond_resched
3 0.2129 do_sys_open
3 0.2129 dput
3 0.2129 flush_tlb_mm
3 0.2129 free_page_and_swap_cache
3 0.2129 generic_file_aio_read
3 0.2129 get_next_timer_interrupt
3 0.2129 hrtimer_get_next_event
3 0.2129 init_request_from_bio
3 0.2129 internal_add_timer
3 0.2129 kmem_cache_zalloc
3 0.2129 ktime_get_ts
3 0.2129 page_remove_rmap
3 0.2129 permission
3 0.2129 set_page_dirty_lock
3 0.2129 sys_close
3 0.2129 sys_mprotect
3 0.2129 touch_atime
3 0.2129 unlock_page
3 0.2129 zone_watermark_ok
2 0.1419 __add_entropy_words
2 0.1419 __atomic_notifier_call_chain
2 0.1419 __dec_zone_state
2 0.1419 __do_page_cache_readahead
2 0.1419 __end_that_request_first
2 0.1419 __make_request
2 0.1419 __switch_to
2 0.1419 __wake_up_bit
2 0.1419 _atomic_dec_and_lock
2 0.1419 anon_vma_prepare
2 0.1419 bio_get_nr_vecs
2 0.1419 copy_strings
2 0.1419 copy_to_user
2 0.1419 d_alloc
2 0.1419 dio_bio_complete
2 0.1419 dnotify_parent
2 0.1419 do_notify_resume
2 0.1419 do_sigaction
2 0.1419 do_sys_poll
2 0.1419 down_read_trylock
2 0.1419 elv_dispatch_sort
2 0.1419 enqueue_hrtimer
2 0.1419 find_busiest_group
2 0.1419 find_vma_prepare
2 0.1419 flush_tlb_page
2 0.1419 free_uid
2 0.1419 generic_fillattr
2 0.1419 kmap_atomic_prot
2 0.1419 native_flush_tlb_single
2 0.1419 new_inode
2 0.1419 path_release
2 0.1419 pipe_write
2 0.1419 prio_tree_insert
2 0.1419 proc_lookup
2 0.1419 quicklist_trim
2 0.1419 rb_erase
2 0.1419 rb_insert_color
2 0.1419 recalc_task_prio
2 0.1419 restore_sigcontext
2 0.1419 ret_from_intr
2 0.1419 rw_verify_area
2 0.1419 sys_brk
2 0.1419 task_rq_lock
2 0.1419 tick_nohz_update_jiffies
2 0.1419 update_wall_time
2 0.1419 vm_normal_page
2 0.1419 vma_link
2 0.1419 vma_prio_tree_add
2 0.1419 wake_up_new_task
1 0.0710 __anon_vma_link
1 0.0710 __copy_user_intel
1 0.0710 __d_path
1 0.0710 __dentry_open
1 0.0710 __free_pages_ok
1 0.0710 __freed_request
1 0.0710 __get_user_4
1 0.0710 __init_rwsem
1 0.0710 __kmalloc
1 0.0710 __page_set_anon_rmap
1 0.0710 __pagevec_lru_add
1 0.0710 __pagevec_lru_add_active
1 0.0710 __rb_rotate_left
1 0.0710 __sk_dst_check
1 0.0710 __tasklet_schedule
1 0.0710 __vm_enough_memory
1 0.0710 __vma_link_rb
1 0.0710 __wait_on_bit
1 0.0710 __wake_up
1 0.0710 __wake_up_common
1 0.0710 _d_rehash
1 0.0710 acpi_hw_low_level_read
1 0.0710 acpi_hw_register_read
1 0.0710 add_timer_randomness
1 0.0710 alloc_pid
1 0.0710 anon_vma_unlink
1 0.0710 atomic_notifier_call_chain
1 0.0710 attach_pid
1 0.0710 bio_alloc
1 0.0710 bit_waitqueue
1 0.0710 blk_backing_dev_unplug
1 0.0710 blk_queue_bounce
1 0.0710 block_llseek
1 0.0710 block_read_full_page
1 0.0710 cache_reap
1 0.0710 cached_lookup
1 0.0710 call_rcu
1 0.0710 cfq_may_queue
1 0.0710 cfq_merge
1 0.0710 cfq_queue_empty
1 0.0710 clockevents_program_event
1 0.0710 cp_new_stat64
1 0.0710 cpu_idle
1 0.0710 create_read_pipe
1 0.0710 current_io_context
1 0.0710 d_path
1 0.0710 debug_mutex_free_waiter
1 0.0710 del_timer
1 0.0710 dequeue_signal
1 0.0710 dequeue_task
1 0.0710 detach_pid
1 0.0710 dio_complete
1 0.0710 dio_new_bio
1 0.0710 dio_zero_block
1 0.0710 disk_round_stats
1 0.0710 dnotify_flush
1 0.0710 do_IRQ
1 0.0710 do_brk
1 0.0710 do_exit
1 0.0710 do_fork
1 0.0710 do_generic_mapping_read
1 0.0710 do_syslog
1 0.0710 do_wait
1 0.0710 dummy_inode_alloc_security
1 0.0710 dummy_vm_enough_memory
1 0.0710 dup_fd
1 0.0710 effective_prio
1 0.0710 elv_insert
1 0.0710 elv_rqhash_add
1 0.0710 enable_8259A_irq
1 0.0710 exit_aio
1 0.0710 exit_mmap
1 0.0710 exit_thread
1 0.0710 fget
1 0.0710 fget_light
1 0.0710 filp_close
1 0.0710 find_extend_vma
1 0.0710 find_next_bit
1 0.0710 find_next_zero_bit
1 0.0710 find_vma_prev
1 0.0710 flush_signal_handlers
1 0.0710 fput
1 0.0710 free_hot_page
1 0.0710 free_pages_bulk
1 0.0710 free_pgd_range
1 0.0710 free_pipe_info
1 0.0710 generic_drop_inode
1 0.0710 generic_file_buffered_write
1 0.0710 generic_file_open
1 0.0710 generic_unplug_device
1 0.0710 get_empty_filp
1 0.0710 get_index
1 0.0710 get_nr_files
1 0.0710 get_request
1 0.0710 get_signal_to_deliver
1 0.0710 get_unused_fd
1 0.0710 getname
1 0.0710 half_md4_transform
1 0.0710 hrtimer_init
1 0.0710 hrtimer_start
1 0.0710 init_new_context
1 0.0710 init_waitqueue_head
1 0.0710 inode_setattr
1 0.0710 inotify_d_instantiate
1 0.0710 install_special_mapping
1 0.0710 ktime_get
1 0.0710 kunmap_atomic
1 0.0710 lapic_next_event
1 0.0710 lock_hrtimer_base
1 0.0710 lock_timer_base
1 0.0710 locks_remove_posix
1 0.0710 may_open
1 0.0710 memory_open
1 0.0710 mempool_alloc
1 0.0710 mempool_alloc_slab
1 0.0710 mm_init
1 0.0710 mm_release
1 0.0710 mntput_no_expire
1 0.0710 native_set_pte_at
1 0.0710 notifier_call_chain
1 0.0710 ns_to_timespec
1 0.0710 open_exec
1 0.0710 open_namei
1 0.0710 page_waitqueue
1 0.0710 percpu_counter_mod
1 0.0710 pipe_release
1 0.0710 proc_flush_task
1 0.0710 proc_sys_lookup_table_one
1 0.0710 profile_munmap
1 0.0710 radix_tree_insert
1 0.0710 radix_tree_preload
1 0.0710 rb_first
1 0.0710 read_chan
1 0.0710 recalc_bh_state
1 0.0710 recalc_sigpending_tsk
1 0.0710 release_task
1 0.0710 resched_task
1 0.0710 resume_kernel
1 0.0710 resume_userspace
1 0.0710 rt_set_nexthop
1 0.0710 secure_ip_id
1 0.0710 select_nohz_load_balancer
1 0.0710 send_signal
1 0.0710 seq_path
1 0.0710 seq_printf
1 0.0710 set_page_dirty
1 0.0710 should_remove_suid
1 0.0710 sigprocmask
1 0.0710 sock_aio_write
1 0.0710 submit_bio
1 0.0710 sys_fstat64
1 0.0710 sys_llseek
1 0.0710 sys_poll
1 0.0710 sys_rt_sigprocmask
1 0.0710 tcp_poll
1 0.0710 tick_do_update_jiffies64
1 0.0710 tick_nohz_restart_sched_tick
1 0.0710 tick_nohz_stop_sched_tick
1 0.0710 tick_sched_timer
1 0.0710 tty_ldisc_try
1 0.0710 tty_wakeup
1 0.0710 vfs_getattr
1 0.0710 vfs_llseek
1 0.0710 vfs_permission
1 0.0710 vfs_write
1 0.0710 vmtruncate
1 0.0710 vsnprintf
1 0.0710 wake_up_bit
1 0.0710 wake_up_process
1 0.0710 write_cache_pages
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