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SubjectRe: [PATCH] ptrdiff_t is not uintptr_t, damnit
On Sunday 19 August 2007, Al Viro wrote:
> On Sun, Aug 19, 2007 at 08:26:24PM -0700, David Brownell wrote:
> > ISTR the warning was the other way around: about "cast from integer
> > to pointer of a different size". The __u64 came from userspace and
> > the kernel pointer was only 32 bits. Not really truncation, but GCC
> > could not know that directly ... ergo the extra non-pointer cast.
> And? Cast to integer type with the size equal to that of pointer.
> unsigned long is just that on all supported targets.

Some tool kept warning about that. Presumably then-current sparse.
I've certainly heard the conventional "unsigned long fits pointers"
wisdom, but tools disagreed. (Does ANSI C guarantee that? I'd think
not, or uintptr_t would not be needed.)

And ptrdiff_t was the closest relevant data type that passed both
gcc and sparse, since uintptr_t didn't previously exist everywhere.

> More interesting question is whether you want an error returned when
> pointers are 32bit and value doesn't fit into that...

Either access_ok() or copy_from_user() reports an error if the
pointer part of that u64 (N LSBs) is bad.

As a general policy, I think the other part is undefined and
irrelevant to the kernel ... it's a kind of explicit padding,
and padding isn't valdated. (At most it's zeroed to prevent
a covert channel, but that's not relevent here.)

- Dave

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