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Subject[PATCH 4/6] writeback: introduce writeback_control.more_io to indicate more io
After making dirty a 100M file, the normal behavior is to
start the writeback for all data after 30s delays. But
sometimes the following happens instead:

- after 30s: ~4M
- after 5s: ~4M
- after 5s: all remaining 92M

Some analyze shows that the internal io dispatch queues goes like this:

s_io s_more_io
-------------------------
1) 100M,1K 0
2) 1K 96M
3) 0 96M
1) initial state with a 100M file and a 1K file
2) 4M written, nr_to_write <= 0, so write more
3) 1K written, nr_to_write > 0, no more writes(BUG)
nr_to_write > 0 in (3) fools the upper layer to think that data have all been
written out. The big dirty file is actually still sitting in s_more_io. We
cannot simply splice s_more_io back to s_io as soon as s_io becomes empty, and
let the loop in generic_sync_sb_inodes() continue: this may starve newly
expired inodes in s_dirty. It is also not an option to draw inodes from both
s_more_io and s_dirty, an let the loop go on: this might lead to live locks,
and might also starve other superblocks in sync time(well kupdate may still
starve some superblocks, that's another bug).
We have to return when a full scan of s_io completes. So nr_to_write > 0 does
not necessarily mean that "all data are written". This patch introduces a flag
writeback_control.more_io to indicate this situation. With it the big dirty file
no longer has to wait for the next kupdate invocation 5s later.
Cc: David Chinner <dgc@sgi.com>
Cc: Ken Chen <kenchen@google.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Fengguang Wu <wfg@mail.ustc.edu.cn>
---
fs/fs-writeback.c | 2 ++
include/linux/writeback.h | 1 +
mm/page-writeback.c | 9 ++++++---
3 files changed, 9 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
--- linux-2.6.23-rc2-mm2.orig/fs/fs-writeback.c
+++ linux-2.6.23-rc2-mm2/fs/fs-writeback.c
@@ -472,6 +472,8 @@ sync_sb_inodes(struct super_block *sb, s
if (wbc->nr_to_write <= 0)
break;
}
+ if (!list_empty(&sb->s_more_io))
+ wbc->more_io = 1;

return; /* Leave any unwritten inodes on s_io */
}
--- linux-2.6.23-rc2-mm2.orig/include/linux/writeback.h
+++ linux-2.6.23-rc2-mm2/include/linux/writeback.h
@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ struct writeback_control {
unsigned for_reclaim:1; /* Invoked from the page allocator */
unsigned for_writepages:1; /* This is a writepages() call */
unsigned range_cyclic:1; /* range_start is cyclic */
+ unsigned more_io:1; /* more io to be dispatched */

void *fs_private; /* For use by ->writepages() */
};
--- linux-2.6.23-rc2-mm2.orig/mm/page-writeback.c
+++ linux-2.6.23-rc2-mm2/mm/page-writeback.c
@@ -382,6 +382,7 @@ static void background_writeout(unsigned
global_page_state(NR_UNSTABLE_NFS) < background_thresh
&& min_pages <= 0)
break;
+ wbc.more_io = 0;
wbc.encountered_congestion = 0;
wbc.nr_to_write = MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES;
wbc.pages_skipped = 0;
@@ -389,8 +390,9 @@ static void background_writeout(unsigned
min_pages -= MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES - wbc.nr_to_write;
if (wbc.nr_to_write > 0 || wbc.pages_skipped > 0) {
/* Wrote less than expected */
- congestion_wait(WRITE, HZ/10);
- if (!wbc.encountered_congestion)
+ if (wbc.encountered_congestion || wbc.more_io)
+ congestion_wait(WRITE, HZ/10);
+ else
break;
}
}
@@ -455,11 +457,12 @@ static void wb_kupdate(unsigned long arg
global_page_state(NR_UNSTABLE_NFS) +
(inodes_stat.nr_inodes - inodes_stat.nr_unused);
while (nr_to_write > 0) {
+ wbc.more_io = 0;
wbc.encountered_congestion = 0;
wbc.nr_to_write = MAX_WRITEBACK_PAGES;
writeback_inodes(&wbc);
if (wbc.nr_to_write > 0) {
- if (wbc.encountered_congestion)
+ if (wbc.encountered_congestion || wbc.more_io)
congestion_wait(WRITE, HZ/10);
else
break; /* All the old data is written */
--
-
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