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SubjectRe: [RFC 12/26] ext2 white-out support
On Wed, Aug 01, 2007 at 10:23:29AM -0500, Dave Kleikamp wrote:
> On Tue, 2007-07-31 at 13:11 -0400, Josef Sipek wrote:
> > On Tue, Jul 31, 2007 at 07:00:12PM +0200, Jan Blunck wrote:
> > > On Tue, Jul 31, Josef Sipek wrote:
> > >
> > > > On Mon, Jul 30, 2007 at 06:13:35PM +0200, Jan Blunck wrote:
> > > > > Introduce white-out support to ext2.
> > > >
> > > > I think storing whiteouts on the branches is wrong. It creates all sort of
> > > > nasty cases when people actually try to use unioning. Imagine a (no-so
> > > > unlikely) scenario where you have 2 unions, and they share a branch. If you
> > > > create a whiteout in one union on that shared branch, the whiteout magically
> > > > affects the other union as well! Whiteouts are a union-level construct, and
> > > > therefore storing them at the branch level is wrong.
> > >
> > > So you think that just because you mounted the filesystem somewhere else it
> > > should look different? This is what sharing is all about. If you share a
> > > filesystem you also share the removal of objects.
> >
> > The removal happens at the union level, not the branch level. Say you have:
> >
> > /a/
> > /b/foo
> > /c/foo
> >
> > And you mount /u1 as a union of {a,b}, and /u2 as union of {a,c}.
>
> Who does this? I'm assuming that a is the "top" layer. Aren't union
> mounts typically about sharing lower layers and having a separate rw
> layer for each union mount?

Alright not the greatest of examples, there is something to be said about
symmetry, so...let me try again :)

/a/
/b/bar (whiteout for bar)
/c/foo/qwerty

Now, let's mount a union of {a,b,c}, and we'll see:

$ find /u
/u
/u/foo
/u/foo/qwerty
$ mv /u/foo /u/bar

Now what? How do you rename? Do you rename in the same branch (assuming it
is rw)? If you do, you'll get:

$ find /u
/u

Oops! There's a whiteout in /b that hides the directory in /c -- rename(2)
shouldn't make directory subtrees disappear.

There are two ways to solve this:

1) "cp -r" the entire subtree being renamed to highest-priority branch, and
rename there (you might have to recreate a series of directories to have a
place to "cp" to...so you got "cp -r" _AND_ "mkdir -p"-like code in the VFS!
1/2 a :) )

2) Don't store whiteouts within branches. This makes it really easy to
rename and remove the whiteout.

Sure, you could try to rename in-place and remove the whiteout, but what if
you have:

/a/
/b/bar (whiteout)
/c/bar/blah
/d/foo/qwerty

$ mv /u/foo /u/bar

You can't just remove the whiteout, because that'd uncover the whited-out
directory bar in /c.

Josef 'Jeff' Sipek.

--
Bad pun of the week: The formula 1 control computer suffered from a race
condition
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