lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2007]   [Jul]   [24]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: [PATCH] [2/11] x86: Fix alternatives and kprobes to remap write-protected kernel text
Hi Rusty,

Good catch. I also still wonder why alternative (except alternative smp,
which is ok) and paravirt patching functions are not marked __init. I really
hope they are never used when NMI, MCE are enabled or when threads may
have been preempted in the site being patched, or it could result in an
illegal instruction.

Mathieu

* Rusty Russell (rusty@rustcorp.com.au) wrote:
> On Fri, 2007-07-20 at 17:32 +0200, Andi Kleen wrote:
> > Reenable kprobes and alternative patching when the kernel text is write
> > protected by DEBUG_RODATA
> > Add a general utility function to change write protected text.
> > The new function remaps the code using vmap to write it and takes
> > care of CPU synchronization. It also does CLFLUSH to make icache recovery
> > faster.
> >
> > There are some limitations on when the function can be used, see
> > the comment.
> >
> > This is a newer version that also changes the paravirt_ops code.
> > text_poke also supports multi byte patching now.
>
> Hmm, I wrote this code originally, and would have liked to catch this
> change before it went in.
>
> It's broken on i386 w/ paravirt_ops.
>
> Problem: lookup_address() contains paravirt_ops. So we call
> paravirt_ops.patch which patches part of the instructions, then calls
> nop_out to patch the end of the instructions. This calls text_poke
> which calls lookup_address, which is what we've half-patched. Mainly,
> we get lucky at the moment (I just hit this in lguest).
>
> We could use a simpler nop_out at boot, or fix this a little more
> robustly by making everyone do their patching via a single call to
> text_poke.
>
> Needs testing for VMI and Xen (lguest and native booted here):
> ===
> Make patching more robust, fix paravirt issue
>
> Commit 19d36ccdc34f5ed444f8a6af0cbfdb6790eb1177 "x86: Fix alternatives
> and kprobes to remap write-protected kernel text" uses code which is
> being patched for patching.
>
> In particular, paravirt_ops does patching in two stages: first it
> calls paravirt_ops.patch, then it fills any remaining instructions
> with nop_out(). nop_out calls text_poke() which calls
> lookup_address() which calls pgd_val() (aka paravirt_ops.pgd_val):
> that call site is one of the places we patch.
>
> If we always do patching as one single call to text_poke(), we only
> need make sure we're not patching the memcpy in text_poke itself.
> This means the prototype to paravirt_ops.patch needs to change, to
> marshal the new code into a buffer rather than patching in place as it
> does now. It also means all patching goes through text_poke(), which
> is known to be safe (apply_alternatives is also changed to make a
> single patch).
>
> Signed-off-by: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
>
> diff -r b81206bbf749 arch/i386/kernel/alternative.c
> --- a/arch/i386/kernel/alternative.c Tue Jul 24 13:05:36 2007 +1000
> +++ b/arch/i386/kernel/alternative.c Tue Jul 24 14:50:54 2007 +1000
> @@ -10,6 +10,8 @@
> #include <asm/pgtable.h>
> #include <asm/mce.h>
> #include <asm/nmi.h>
> +
> +#define MAX_PATCH_LEN 128
>
> #ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
> static int smp_alt_once;
> @@ -148,7 +150,8 @@ static unsigned char** find_nop_table(vo
>
> #endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */
>
> -static void nop_out(void *insns, unsigned int len)
> +/* Use this to add nops to a buffer, then text_poke the whole buffer. */
> +static void add_nops(void *insns, unsigned int len)
> {
> unsigned char **noptable = find_nop_table();
>
> @@ -156,7 +159,7 @@ static void nop_out(void *insns, unsigne
> unsigned int noplen = len;
> if (noplen > ASM_NOP_MAX)
> noplen = ASM_NOP_MAX;
> - text_poke(insns, noptable[noplen], noplen);
> + memcpy(insns, noptable[noplen], noplen);
> insns += noplen;
> len -= noplen;
> }
> @@ -174,15 +177,14 @@ void apply_alternatives(struct alt_instr
> void apply_alternatives(struct alt_instr *start, struct alt_instr *end)
> {
> struct alt_instr *a;
> - u8 *instr;
> - int diff;
> + char insnbuf[MAX_PATCH_LEN];
>
> DPRINTK("%s: alt table %p -> %p\n", __FUNCTION__, start, end);
> for (a = start; a < end; a++) {
> BUG_ON(a->replacementlen > a->instrlen);
> + BUG_ON(a->instrlen > sizeof(insnbuf));
> if (!boot_cpu_has(a->cpuid))
> continue;
> - instr = a->instr;
> #ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
> /* vsyscall code is not mapped yet. resolve it manually. */
> if (instr >= (u8 *)VSYSCALL_START && instr < (u8*)VSYSCALL_END) {
> @@ -191,9 +193,10 @@ void apply_alternatives(struct alt_instr
> __FUNCTION__, a->instr, instr);
> }
> #endif
> - memcpy(instr, a->replacement, a->replacementlen);
> - diff = a->instrlen - a->replacementlen;
> - nop_out(instr + a->replacementlen, diff);
> + memcpy(insnbuf, a->replacement, a->replacementlen);
> + add_nops(insnbuf + a->replacementlen,
> + a->instrlen - a->replacementlen);
> + text_poke(a->instr, insnbuf, a->instrlen);
> }
> }
>
> @@ -215,16 +218,18 @@ static void alternatives_smp_unlock(u8 *
> static void alternatives_smp_unlock(u8 **start, u8 **end, u8 *text, u8 *text_end)
> {
> u8 **ptr;
> + char insn[1];
>
> if (noreplace_smp)
> return;
>
> + add_nops(insn, 1);
> for (ptr = start; ptr < end; ptr++) {
> if (*ptr < text)
> continue;
> if (*ptr > text_end)
> continue;
> - nop_out(*ptr, 1);
> + text_poke(*ptr, insn, 1);
> };
> }
>
> @@ -351,6 +356,7 @@ void apply_paravirt(struct paravirt_patc
> struct paravirt_patch_site *end)
> {
> struct paravirt_patch_site *p;
> + char insnbuf[MAX_PATCH_LEN];
>
> if (noreplace_paravirt)
> return;
> @@ -358,13 +364,15 @@ void apply_paravirt(struct paravirt_patc
> for (p = start; p < end; p++) {
> unsigned int used;
>
> - used = paravirt_ops.patch(p->instrtype, p->clobbers, p->instr,
> - p->len);
> + BUG_ON(p->len > MAX_PATCH_LEN);
> + used = paravirt_ops.patch(p->instrtype, p->clobbers, insnbuf,
> + (unsigned long)p->instr, p->len);
>
> BUG_ON(used > p->len);
>
> /* Pad the rest with nops */
> - nop_out(p->instr + used, p->len - used);
> + add_nops(insnbuf + used, p->len - used);
> + text_poke(p->instr, insnbuf, p->len);
> }
> }
> extern struct paravirt_patch_site __start_parainstructions[],
> diff -r b81206bbf749 arch/i386/kernel/paravirt.c
> --- a/arch/i386/kernel/paravirt.c Tue Jul 24 13:05:36 2007 +1000
> +++ b/arch/i386/kernel/paravirt.c Tue Jul 24 15:13:32 2007 +1000
> @@ -69,7 +69,8 @@ DEF_NATIVE(read_tsc, "rdtsc");
>
> DEF_NATIVE(ud2a, "ud2a");
>
> -static unsigned native_patch(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *insns, unsigned len)
> +static unsigned native_patch(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *ibuf,
> + unsigned long addr, unsigned len)
> {
> const unsigned char *start, *end;
> unsigned ret;
> @@ -90,7 +91,7 @@ static unsigned native_patch(u8 type, u1
> #undef SITE
>
> patch_site:
> - ret = paravirt_patch_insns(insns, len, start, end);
> + ret = paravirt_patch_insns(ibuf, len, start, end);
> break;
>
> case PARAVIRT_PATCH(make_pgd):
> @@ -107,7 +108,7 @@ static unsigned native_patch(u8 type, u1
> break;
>
> default:
> - ret = paravirt_patch_default(type, clobbers, insns, len);
> + ret = paravirt_patch_default(type, clobbers, ibuf, addr, len);
> break;
> }
>
> @@ -129,68 +130,67 @@ struct branch {
> u32 delta;
> } __attribute__((packed));
>
> -unsigned paravirt_patch_call(void *target, u16 tgt_clobbers,
> - void *site, u16 site_clobbers,
> +unsigned paravirt_patch_call(void *insnbuf,
> + const void *target, u16 tgt_clobbers,
> + unsigned long addr, u16 site_clobbers,
> unsigned len)
> {
> - unsigned char *call = site;
> - unsigned long delta = (unsigned long)target - (unsigned long)(call+5);
> - struct branch b;
> + struct branch *b = insnbuf;
> + unsigned long delta = (unsigned long)target - (addr+5);
>
> if (tgt_clobbers & ~site_clobbers)
> return len; /* target would clobber too much for this site */
> if (len < 5)
> return len; /* call too long for patch site */
>
> - b.opcode = 0xe8; /* call */
> - b.delta = delta;
> - BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(b) != 5);
> - text_poke(call, (unsigned char *)&b, 5);
> + b->opcode = 0xe8; /* call */
> + b->delta = delta;
> + BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(*b) != 5);
>
> return 5;
> }
>
> -unsigned paravirt_patch_jmp(void *target, void *site, unsigned len)
> -{
> - unsigned char *jmp = site;
> - unsigned long delta = (unsigned long)target - (unsigned long)(jmp+5);
> - struct branch b;
> +unsigned paravirt_patch_jmp(const void *target, void *insnbuf,
> + unsigned long addr, unsigned len)
> +{
> + struct branch *b = insnbuf;
> + unsigned long delta = (unsigned long)target - (addr+5);
>
> if (len < 5)
> return len; /* call too long for patch site */
>
> - b.opcode = 0xe9; /* jmp */
> - b.delta = delta;
> - text_poke(jmp, (unsigned char *)&b, 5);
> + b->opcode = 0xe9; /* jmp */
> + b->delta = delta;
>
> return 5;
> }
>
> -unsigned paravirt_patch_default(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *site, unsigned len)
> +unsigned paravirt_patch_default(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *insnbuf,
> + unsigned long addr, unsigned len)
> {
> void *opfunc = *((void **)&paravirt_ops + type);
> unsigned ret;
>
> if (opfunc == NULL)
> /* If there's no function, patch it with a ud2a (BUG) */
> - ret = paravirt_patch_insns(site, len, start_ud2a, end_ud2a);
> + ret = paravirt_patch_insns(insnbuf, len, start_ud2a, end_ud2a);
> else if (opfunc == paravirt_nop)
> /* If the operation is a nop, then nop the callsite */
> ret = paravirt_patch_nop();
> else if (type == PARAVIRT_PATCH(iret) ||
> type == PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_enable_sysexit))
> /* If operation requires a jmp, then jmp */
> - ret = paravirt_patch_jmp(opfunc, site, len);
> + ret = paravirt_patch_jmp(opfunc, insnbuf, addr, len);
> else
> /* Otherwise call the function; assume target could
> clobber any caller-save reg */
> - ret = paravirt_patch_call(opfunc, CLBR_ANY,
> - site, clobbers, len);
> + ret = paravirt_patch_call(insnbuf, opfunc, CLBR_ANY,
> + addr, clobbers, len);
>
> return ret;
> }
>
> -unsigned paravirt_patch_insns(void *site, unsigned len,
> +unsigned paravirt_patch_insns(void *insnbuf, unsigned len,
> const char *start, const char *end)
> {
> unsigned insn_len = end - start;
> @@ -198,7 +198,7 @@ unsigned paravirt_patch_insns(void *site
> if (insn_len > len || start == NULL)
> insn_len = len;
> else
> - memcpy(site, start, insn_len);
> + memcpy(insnbuf, start, insn_len);
>
> return insn_len;
> }
> diff -r b81206bbf749 arch/i386/kernel/vmi.c
> --- a/arch/i386/kernel/vmi.c Tue Jul 24 13:05:36 2007 +1000
> +++ b/arch/i386/kernel/vmi.c Tue Jul 24 15:12:42 2007 +1000
> @@ -87,12 +87,14 @@ struct vmi_timer_ops vmi_timer_ops;
> #define IRQ_PATCH_INT_MASK 0
> #define IRQ_PATCH_DISABLE 5
>
> -static inline void patch_offset(unsigned char *eip, unsigned char *dest)
> -{
> - *(unsigned long *)(eip+1) = dest-eip-5;
> -}
> -
> -static unsigned patch_internal(int call, unsigned len, void *insns)
> +static inline void patch_offset(void *insnbuf,
> + unsigned long eip, unsigned long dest)
> +{
> + *(unsigned long *)(insnbuf+1) = dest-eip-5;
> +}
> +
> +static unsigned patch_internal(int call, unsigned len, void *insnbuf,
> + unsigned long eip)
> {
> u64 reloc;
> struct vmi_relocation_info *const rel = (struct vmi_relocation_info *)&reloc;
> @@ -100,14 +102,14 @@ static unsigned patch_internal(int call,
> switch(rel->type) {
> case VMI_RELOCATION_CALL_REL:
> BUG_ON(len < 5);
> - *(char *)insns = MNEM_CALL;
> - patch_offset(insns, rel->eip);
> + *(char *)insnbuf = MNEM_CALL;
> + patch_offset(insnbuf, eip, (unsigned long)rel->eip);
> return 5;
>
> case VMI_RELOCATION_JUMP_REL:
> BUG_ON(len < 5);
> - *(char *)insns = MNEM_JMP;
> - patch_offset(insns, rel->eip);
> + *(char *)insnbuf = MNEM_JMP;
> + patch_offset(insnbuf, eip, (unsigned long)rel->eip);
> return 5;
>
> case VMI_RELOCATION_NOP:
> @@ -128,21 +130,26 @@ static unsigned patch_internal(int call,
> * Apply patch if appropriate, return length of new instruction
> * sequence. The callee does nop padding for us.
> */
> -static unsigned vmi_patch(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *insns, unsigned len)
> +static unsigned vmi_patch(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *insns,
> + unsigned long eip, unsigned len)
> {
> switch (type) {
> case PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_disable):
> - return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_DisableInterrupts, len, insns);
> + return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_DisableInterrupts, len,
> + insns, eip);
> case PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_enable):
> - return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_EnableInterrupts, len, insns);
> + return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_EnableInterrupts, len,
> + insns, eip);
> case PARAVIRT_PATCH(restore_fl):
> - return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_SetInterruptMask, len, insns);
> + return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_SetInterruptMask, len,
> + insns, eip);
> case PARAVIRT_PATCH(save_fl):
> - return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_GetInterruptMask, len, insns);
> + return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_GetInterruptMask, len,
> + insns, eip);
> case PARAVIRT_PATCH(iret):
> - return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_IRET, len, insns);
> + return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_IRET, len, insns, eip);
> case PARAVIRT_PATCH(irq_enable_sysexit):
> - return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_SYSEXIT, len, insns);
> + return patch_internal(VMI_CALL_SYSEXIT, len, insns, eip);
> default:
> break;
> }
> diff -r b81206bbf749 arch/i386/xen/enlighten.c
> --- a/arch/i386/xen/enlighten.c Tue Jul 24 13:05:36 2007 +1000
> +++ b/arch/i386/xen/enlighten.c Tue Jul 24 15:10:37 2007 +1000
> @@ -842,7 +842,8 @@ void __init xen_setup_vcpu_info_placemen
> }
> }
>
> -static unsigned xen_patch(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *insns, unsigned len)
> +static unsigned xen_patch(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *insnbuf,
> + unsigned long addr, unsigned len)
> {
> char *start, *end, *reloc;
> unsigned ret;
> @@ -869,7 +870,7 @@ static unsigned xen_patch(u8 type, u16 c
> if (start == NULL || (end-start) > len)
> goto default_patch;
>
> - ret = paravirt_patch_insns(insns, len, start, end);
> + ret = paravirt_patch_insns(insnbuf, len, start, end);
>
> /* Note: because reloc is assigned from something that
> appears to be an array, gcc assumes it's non-null,
> @@ -877,8 +878,8 @@ static unsigned xen_patch(u8 type, u16 c
> end. */
> if (reloc > start && reloc < end) {
> int reloc_off = reloc - start;
> - long *relocp = (long *)(insns + reloc_off);
> - long delta = start - (char *)insns;
> + long *relocp = (long *)(insnbuf + reloc_off);
> + long delta = start - (char *)addr;
>
> *relocp += delta;
> }
> @@ -886,7 +887,8 @@ static unsigned xen_patch(u8 type, u16 c
>
> default_patch:
> default:
> - ret = paravirt_patch_default(type, clobbers, insns, len);
> + ret = paravirt_patch_default(type, clobbers, insnbuf,
> + addr, len);
> break;
> }
>
> diff -r b81206bbf749 drivers/lguest/lguest.c
> --- a/drivers/lguest/lguest.c Tue Jul 24 13:05:36 2007 +1000
> +++ b/drivers/lguest/lguest.c Tue Jul 24 15:08:20 2007 +1000
> @@ -521,21 +521,22 @@ static const struct lguest_insns
> [PARAVIRT_PATCH(restore_fl)] = { lgstart_popf, lgend_popf },
> [PARAVIRT_PATCH(save_fl)] = { lgstart_pushf, lgend_pushf },
> };
> -static unsigned lguest_patch(u8 type, u16 clobber, void *insns, unsigned len)
> +static unsigned lguest_patch(u8 type, u16 clobber, void *ibuf,
> + unsigned long addr, unsigned len)
> {
> unsigned int insn_len;
>
> /* Don't touch it if we don't have a replacement */
> if (type >= ARRAY_SIZE(lguest_insns) || !lguest_insns[type].start)
> - return paravirt_patch_default(type, clobber, insns, len);
> + return paravirt_patch_default(type, clobber, ibuf, addr, len);
>
> insn_len = lguest_insns[type].end - lguest_insns[type].start;
>
> /* Similarly if we can't fit replacement. */
> if (len < insn_len)
> - return paravirt_patch_default(type, clobber, insns, len);
> -
> - memcpy(insns, lguest_insns[type].start, insn_len);
> + return paravirt_patch_default(type, clobber, ibuf, addr, len);
> +
> + memcpy(ibuf, lguest_insns[type].start, insn_len);
> return insn_len;
> }
>
> diff -r b81206bbf749 include/asm-i386/paravirt.h
> --- a/include/asm-i386/paravirt.h Tue Jul 24 13:05:36 2007 +1000
> +++ b/include/asm-i386/paravirt.h Tue Jul 24 14:57:44 2007 +1000
> @@ -47,7 +47,8 @@ struct paravirt_ops
> * The patch function should return the number of bytes of code
> * generated, as we nop pad the rest in generic code.
> */
> - unsigned (*patch)(u8 type, u16 clobber, void *firstinsn, unsigned len);
> + unsigned (*patch)(u8 type, u16 clobber, void *insnbuf,
> + unsigned long addr, unsigned len);
>
> /* Basic arch-specific setup */
> void (*arch_setup)(void);
> @@ -253,13 +254,16 @@ extern struct paravirt_ops paravirt_ops;
>
> unsigned paravirt_patch_nop(void);
> unsigned paravirt_patch_ignore(unsigned len);
> -unsigned paravirt_patch_call(void *target, u16 tgt_clobbers,
> - void *site, u16 site_clobbers,
> +unsigned paravirt_patch_call(void *insnbuf,
> + const void *target, u16 tgt_clobbers,
> + unsigned long addr, u16 site_clobbers,
> unsigned len);
> -unsigned paravirt_patch_jmp(void *target, void *site, unsigned len);
> -unsigned paravirt_patch_default(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *site, unsigned len);
> -
> -unsigned paravirt_patch_insns(void *site, unsigned len,
> +unsigned paravirt_patch_jmp(const void *target, void *insnbuf,
> + unsigned long addr, unsigned len);
> +unsigned paravirt_patch_default(u8 type, u16 clobbers, void *insnbuf,
> + unsigned long addr, unsigned len);
> +
> +unsigned paravirt_patch_insns(void *insnbuf, unsigned len,
> const char *start, const char *end);
>
> int paravirt_disable_iospace(void);
>
>
>

--
Mathieu Desnoyers
Computer Engineering Ph.D. Student, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal
OpenPGP key fingerprint: 8CD5 52C3 8E3C 4140 715F BA06 3F25 A8FE 3BAE 9A68
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2007-07-24 16:05    [from the cache]
©2003-2011 Jasper Spaans