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SubjectRe: Hibernation considerations
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On Tuesday, 17 July 2007 22:24, Jeremy Maitin-Shepard wrote:
> "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@sisk.pl> writes:
>
> [snip]
>
> > Well, first, the fact is that _some_ systems _will_ be powered while in
> > hibernation (the majority of notebooks, for example) and you should assume
> > that the platform _may_ retain some information accross the hibernation/restore
> > cycle. In that case you _should_ _not_ trash the information retained by the
> > platform.
>
> I'm not sure the majority of notebook users will want wakeup support in
> exchange for some power consumption while the system is off. I think
> many people would not consider the trouble of having to press the power
> button instead of merely opening the lid too great.
>
> Furthermore, S4 mode is of course also not suitable if you intend to
> replace the battery while the system is hibernated.
>
> It does seem that it is useful to provide S4 as an option, but certainly
> just shutting down should also be an option on all systems.
>
> > Now, with that in mind, ACPI requires us to make the system enter the S4 sleep
> > state as a result of the hibernation procedure. In my opinion this may be done
> > after saving the image, but still this means, for example, that the
> > image-saving kernel needs to support ACPI.
>
> It seems that it most certainly must be done AFTER saving the image, as
> the image obviously cannot be saved after entering S4 state, since S4
> state is nearly the same as powering off completely and all memory will
> be lost.
>
> > Next, during the restore, we should first check if the image is present (and
> > valid) _without_ turning ACPI on (note that this is not done by the current
> > hibernation code and that leads to strange problems on some systems). Then,
> > if the image is present (and valid), we should first load it, jump to the
> > hibernated kernel and _then_ turn ACPI on and execute the _BFS and
> > _WAK ACPI global methods (again, this is not done by the current code in that
> > order, which is wrong). Only after that is the hibernated kernel supposed to
> > continue.
>
> It seems that the implementation of that behavior for Linux cannot be
> quite so simple, since resume from hibernation is driven (in general)
> from an initrd/initramfs rather than directly from the kernel
> initialization sequence, in order to support modular drivers and
> features like DM and LVM.

That's correct.

> Thus, there would have to be a new "delay_acpi_initialization" kernel
> command-line option. Additionally, there would be a sysfs interface to
> tell the kernel to proceed with the ACPI initialization as normal. This
> would be used by an initrd/initramfs after determining that a resume
> from hibernate will not be done. If a resume from hibernate is done,
> this hook won't be used, and instead the resumed kernel will call the
> ACPI hibernate resume stuff if S4 state was used; otherwise, the resumed
> kernel will just re-initialize ACPI as normal. Also, if the in-kernel
> code for checking if a resume can be done does not find a hibernate
> image, it will also invoke the delayed ACPI initialization.

Yes, something like this.

My point is, though, that it really requires some thought and needs to be
remebered about.

Greetings,
Rafael


--
"Premature optimization is the root of all evil." - Donald Knuth
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