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SubjectRe: [PATCH 4/10] cpu: deliver CPU_UP_CANCELED only to NOTIFY_OKed callbacks with CPU_UP_PREPARE
Hi Akinobu,

On Mon, Jul 16, 2007 at 10:53:47PM +0900, Akinobu Mita wrote:
> The functions in a CPU notifier chain is called with CPU_UP_PREPARE event
> before making the CPU online. If one of the callback returns NOTIFY_BAD,
> it stops to deliver CPU_UP_PREPARE event, and CPU online operation is canceled.
> Then CPU_UP_CANCELED event is delivered to the functions in a CPU notifier
> chain again.
>
> This CPU_UP_CANCELED event is delivered to the functions which have been
> called with CPU_UP_PREPARE, not delivered to the functions which haven't
> been called with CPU_UP_PREPARE.
>
> The problem that makes existing cpu hotplug error handlings complex is
> that the CPU_UP_CANCELED event is delivered to the function that has
> returned NOTIFY_BAD, too.
>
> Usually we don't expect to call destructor function against the
> object that has failed to initialize. It is like:
>
> err = register_something();
> if (err) {
> unregister_something(); // bug
> return err;
> }
>
> So it is natural to deliver CPU_UP_CANCELED event only to the functions
> that have returned NOTIFY_OK with CPU_UP_PREPARE event and not to call
> the function that have returned NOTIFY_BAD. This is what this patch is doing.

Yes, this makes sense. However, it might break slab.
If I am not mistaken, slab code initializes multiple objects in
CPU_UP_PREPARE and relies on the CPU_UP_CANCELLED to destroy the
objects which successfully got initialized before the some object's
initialization went bad.

But then, I'm no expert on slab, so Cc'ing the right people.

There must be a way to share the code across CPU_UP_CANCELLED and
destruction of correctly initialized objects in CPU_UP_PREPARE
(on a failure). That fix might be required before this patch goes in.

Regards
gautham.

>
> Otherwise, every cpu hotplug notifiler has to track whether
> notifiler event is failed or not for each cpu.
> (drivers/base/topology.c is doing this with topology_dev_map)
>
> Similary this patch makes same thing with CPU_DOWN_PREPARE and
> CPU_DOWN_FAILED evnets.
>
> Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
> Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
>
> ---
> kernel/cpu.c | 2 ++
> 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+)
>
> Index: 2.6-mm/kernel/cpu.c
> ===================================================================
> --- 2.6-mm.orig/kernel/cpu.c
> +++ 2.6-mm/kernel/cpu.c
> @@ -138,6 +138,7 @@ static int _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu, i
> err = __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_PREPARE | mod,
> hcpu, -1, &nr_calls);
> if (err == NOTIFY_BAD) {
> + nr_calls--;
> __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_FAILED | mod,
> hcpu, nr_calls, NULL);
> printk("%s: attempt to take down CPU %u failed\n",
> @@ -221,6 +222,7 @@ static int __cpuinit _cpu_up(unsigned in
> ret = __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_UP_PREPARE | mod, hcpu,
> -1, &nr_calls);
> if (ret == NOTIFY_BAD) {
> + nr_calls--;
> printk("%s: attempt to bring up CPU %u failed\n",
> __FUNCTION__, cpu);
> ret = -EINVAL;
> -
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>

--
Gautham R Shenoy
Linux Technology Center
IBM India.
"Freedom comes with a price tag of responsibility, which is still a bargain,
because Freedom is priceless!"
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