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Subject[PATCH] Immunize rcu_dereference() against crazy compiler writers
Turns out that compiler writers are a bit more aggressive about optimizing
than one might expect. This patch prevents a number of such optimizations
from messing up rcu_deference(). This is not merely a theoretical
problem, as evidenced by the rmb() in mce_log().

Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
---

rcupdate.h | 14 +++++++++++++-
1 file changed, 13 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff -urpNa -X dontdiff linux-2.6.22/include/linux/rcupdate.h linux-2.6.22-volrcud/include/linux/rcupdate.h
--- linux-2.6.22/include/linux/rcupdate.h 2007-07-08 16:32:17.000000000 -0700
+++ linux-2.6.22-volrcud/include/linux/rcupdate.h 2007-07-11 17:21:09.000000000 -0700
@@ -217,6 +217,18 @@ extern int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu);
local_bh_enable(); \
} while(0)

+/*
+ * Prevent the compiler from merging or refetching accesses. The compiler
+ * is also forbidden from reordering successive instances of ACCESS_ONCE(),
+ * but only when the compiler is aware of some particular ordering. One way
+ * to make the compiler aware of ordering is to put the two invocations of
+ * ACCESS_ONCE() in different C statements.
+ *
+ * This macro does absolutely -nothing- to prevent the CPU from reordering,
+ * merging, or refetching absolutely anything at any time.
+ */
+#define ACCESS_ONCE(x) (*(volatile typeof(x) *)&(x))
+
/**
* rcu_dereference - fetch an RCU-protected pointer in an
* RCU read-side critical section. This pointer may later
@@ -228,7 +240,7 @@ extern int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu);
*/

#define rcu_dereference(p) ({ \
- typeof(p) _________p1 = p; \
+ typeof(p) _________p1 = ACCESS_ONCE(p); \
smp_read_barrier_depends(); \
(_________p1); \
})
-
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