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Subject[x86 setup 32/33] Use the new x86 setup code for x86-64; unify with i386
Date
From: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>

This unifies arch/*/boot (except arch/*/boot/compressed) between
i386 and x86-64, and uses the new x86 setup code for x86-64 as well.
Signed-off-by: H. Peter Anvin <hpa@zytor.com>
---
arch/x86_64/boot/Makefile | 136 +------
arch/x86_64/boot/bootsect.S | 98 ----
arch/x86_64/boot/compressed/Makefile | 9 +-
arch/x86_64/boot/install.sh | 2 -
arch/x86_64/boot/mtools.conf.in | 17 -
arch/x86_64/boot/setup.S | 826 ----------------------------------
arch/x86_64/boot/tools/build.c | 185 --------
7 files changed, 10 insertions(+), 1263 deletions(-)
delete mode 100644 arch/x86_64/boot/bootsect.S
delete mode 100644 arch/x86_64/boot/install.sh
delete mode 100644 arch/x86_64/boot/mtools.conf.in
delete mode 100644 arch/x86_64/boot/setup.S
delete mode 100644 arch/x86_64/boot/tools/build.c
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/boot/Makefile b/arch/x86_64/boot/Makefile
index ee6f650..6709638 100644
--- a/arch/x86_64/boot/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86_64/boot/Makefile
@@ -1,135 +1,9 @@
#
# arch/x86_64/boot/Makefile
#
-# This file is subject to the terms and conditions of the GNU General Public
-# License. See the file "COPYING" in the main directory of this archive
-# for more details.
-#
-# Copyright (C) 1994 by Linus Torvalds
-#
-
-# ROOT_DEV specifies the default root-device when making the image.
-# This can be either FLOPPY, CURRENT, /dev/xxxx or empty, in which case
-# the default of FLOPPY is used by 'build'.
-
-ROOT_DEV := CURRENT
-
-# If you want to preset the SVGA mode, uncomment the next line and
-# set SVGA_MODE to whatever number you want.
-# Set it to -DSVGA_MODE=NORMAL_VGA if you just want the EGA/VGA mode.
-# The number is the same as you would ordinarily press at bootup.
-
-SVGA_MODE := -DSVGA_MODE=NORMAL_VGA
-
-# If you want the RAM disk device, define this to be the size in blocks.
-
-#RAMDISK := -DRAMDISK=512
-
-targets := vmlinux.bin bootsect bootsect.o \
- setup setup.o bzImage mtools.conf
-
-EXTRA_CFLAGS := -m32
-
-hostprogs-y := tools/build
-HOST_EXTRACFLAGS += $(LINUXINCLUDE)
-subdir- := compressed/ #Let make clean descend in compressed/
-# ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
-
-$(obj)/bzImage: IMAGE_OFFSET := 0x100000
-$(obj)/bzImage: EXTRA_AFLAGS := $(SVGA_MODE) $(RAMDISK) -D__BIG_KERNEL__
-$(obj)/bzImage: BUILDFLAGS := -b
-
-quiet_cmd_image = BUILD $@
-cmd_image = $(obj)/tools/build $(BUILDFLAGS) $(obj)/bootsect $(obj)/setup \
- $(obj)/vmlinux.bin $(ROOT_DEV) > $@
-
-$(obj)/bzImage: $(obj)/bootsect $(obj)/setup \
- $(obj)/vmlinux.bin $(obj)/tools/build FORCE
- $(call if_changed,image)
- @echo 'Kernel: $@ is ready' ' (#'`cat .version`')'
-
-$(obj)/vmlinux.bin: $(obj)/compressed/vmlinux FORCE
- $(call if_changed,objcopy)
-
-LDFLAGS_bootsect := -Ttext 0x0 -s --oformat binary
-LDFLAGS_setup := -Ttext 0x0 -s --oformat binary -e begtext
-
-$(obj)/setup $(obj)/bootsect: %: %.o FORCE
- $(call if_changed,ld)
-
-$(obj)/compressed/vmlinux: FORCE
- $(Q)$(MAKE) $(build)=$(obj)/compressed IMAGE_OFFSET=$(IMAGE_OFFSET) $@
-
-# Set this if you want to pass append arguments to the zdisk/fdimage/isoimage kernel
-FDARGS =
-# Set this if you want an initrd included with the zdisk/fdimage/isoimage kernel
-FDINITRD =
-
-image_cmdline = default linux $(FDARGS) $(if $(FDINITRD),initrd=initrd.img,)
-
-$(obj)/mtools.conf: $(src)/mtools.conf.in
- sed -e 's|@OBJ@|$(obj)|g' < $< > $@
-
-# This requires write access to /dev/fd0
-zdisk: $(BOOTIMAGE) $(obj)/mtools.conf
- MTOOLSRC=$(obj)/mtools.conf mformat a: ; sync
- syslinux /dev/fd0 ; sync
- echo '$(image_cmdline)' | \
- MTOOLSRC=$(obj)/mtools.conf mcopy - a:syslinux.cfg
- if [ -f '$(FDINITRD)' ] ; then \
- MTOOLSRC=$(obj)/mtools.conf mcopy '$(FDINITRD)' a:initrd.img ; \
- fi
- MTOOLSRC=$(obj)/mtools.conf mcopy $(BOOTIMAGE) a:linux ; sync
-
-# These require being root or having syslinux 2.02 or higher installed
-fdimage fdimage144: $(BOOTIMAGE) $(obj)/mtools.conf
- dd if=/dev/zero of=$(obj)/fdimage bs=1024 count=1440
- MTOOLSRC=$(obj)/mtools.conf mformat v: ; sync
- syslinux $(obj)/fdimage ; sync
- echo '$(image_cmdline)' | \
- MTOOLSRC=$(obj)/mtools.conf mcopy - v:syslinux.cfg
- if [ -f '$(FDINITRD)' ] ; then \
- MTOOLSRC=$(obj)/mtools.conf mcopy '$(FDINITRD)' v:initrd.img ; \
- fi
- MTOOLSRC=$(obj)/mtools.conf mcopy $(BOOTIMAGE) v:linux ; sync
-
-fdimage288: $(BOOTIMAGE) $(obj)/mtools.conf
- dd if=/dev/zero of=$(obj)/fdimage bs=1024 count=2880
- MTOOLSRC=$(obj)/mtools.conf mformat w: ; sync
- syslinux $(obj)/fdimage ; sync
- echo '$(image_cmdline)' | \
- MTOOLSRC=$(obj)/mtools.conf mcopy - w:syslinux.cfg
- if [ -f '$(FDINITRD)' ] ; then \
- MTOOLSRC=$(obj)/mtools.conf mcopy '$(FDINITRD)' w:initrd.img ; \
- fi
- MTOOLSRC=$(obj)/mtools.conf mcopy $(BOOTIMAGE) w:linux ; sync
-
-isoimage: $(BOOTIMAGE)
- -rm -rf $(obj)/isoimage
- mkdir $(obj)/isoimage
- for i in lib lib64 share end ; do \
- if [ -f /usr/$$i/syslinux/isolinux.bin ] ; then \
- cp /usr/$$i/syslinux/isolinux.bin $(obj)/isoimage ; \
- break ; \
- fi ; \
- if [ $$i = end ] ; then exit 1 ; fi ; \
- done
- cp $(BOOTIMAGE) $(obj)/isoimage/linux
- echo '$(image_cmdline)' > $(obj)/isoimage/isolinux.cfg
- if [ -f '$(FDINITRD)' ] ; then \
- cp '$(FDINITRD)' $(obj)/isoimage/initrd.img ; \
- fi
- mkisofs -J -r -o $(obj)/image.iso -b isolinux.bin -c boot.cat \
- -no-emul-boot -boot-load-size 4 -boot-info-table \
- $(obj)/isoimage
- rm -rf $(obj)/isoimage
-
-zlilo: $(BOOTIMAGE)
- if [ -f $(INSTALL_PATH)/vmlinuz ]; then mv $(INSTALL_PATH)/vmlinuz $(INSTALL_PATH)/vmlinuz.old; fi
- if [ -f $(INSTALL_PATH)/System.map ]; then mv $(INSTALL_PATH)/System.map $(INSTALL_PATH)/System.old; fi
- cat $(BOOTIMAGE) > $(INSTALL_PATH)/vmlinuz
- cp System.map $(INSTALL_PATH)/
- if [ -x /sbin/lilo ]; then /sbin/lilo; else /etc/lilo/install; fi
+# The actual boot code is shared with i386 including the Makefile.
+# So tell kbuild that we fetch the code from i386 and include the
+# Makefile from i386 too.

-install:
- sh $(srctree)/$(src)/install.sh $(KERNELRELEASE) $(BOOTIMAGE) System.map "$(INSTALL_PATH)"
+src := arch/i386/boot
+include $(src)/Makefile
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/boot/bootsect.S b/arch/x86_64/boot/bootsect.S
deleted file mode 100644
index 011b7a4..0000000
--- a/arch/x86_64/boot/bootsect.S
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,98 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * bootsect.S Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
- *
- * modified by Drew Eckhardt
- * modified by Bruce Evans (bde)
- * modified by Chris Noe (May 1999) (as86 -> gas)
- * gutted by H. Peter Anvin (Jan 2003)
- *
- * BIG FAT NOTE: We're in real mode using 64k segments. Therefore segment
- * addresses must be multiplied by 16 to obtain their respective linear
- * addresses. To avoid confusion, linear addresses are written using leading
- * hex while segment addresses are written as segment:offset.
- *
- */
-
-#include <asm/boot.h>
-
-SETUPSECTS = 4 /* default nr of setup-sectors */
-BOOTSEG = 0x07C0 /* original address of boot-sector */
-INITSEG = DEF_INITSEG /* we move boot here - out of the way */
-SETUPSEG = DEF_SETUPSEG /* setup starts here */
-SYSSEG = DEF_SYSSEG /* system loaded at 0x10000 (65536) */
-SYSSIZE = DEF_SYSSIZE /* system size: # of 16-byte clicks */
- /* to be loaded */
-ROOT_DEV = 0 /* ROOT_DEV is now written by "build" */
-SWAP_DEV = 0 /* SWAP_DEV is now written by "build" */
-
-#ifndef SVGA_MODE
-#define SVGA_MODE ASK_VGA
-#endif
-
-#ifndef RAMDISK
-#define RAMDISK 0
-#endif
-
-#ifndef ROOT_RDONLY
-#define ROOT_RDONLY 1
-#endif
-
-.code16
-.text
-
-.global _start
-_start:
-
- # Normalize the start address
- jmpl $BOOTSEG, $start2
-
-start2:
- movw %cs, %ax
- movw %ax, %ds
- movw %ax, %es
- movw %ax, %ss
- movw $0x7c00, %sp
- sti
- cld
-
- movw $bugger_off_msg, %si
-
-msg_loop:
- lodsb
- andb %al, %al
- jz die
- movb $0xe, %ah
- movw $7, %bx
- int $0x10
- jmp msg_loop
-
-die:
- # Allow the user to press a key, then reboot
- xorw %ax, %ax
- int $0x16
- int $0x19
-
- # int 0x19 should never return. In case it does anyway,
- # invoke the BIOS reset code...
- ljmp $0xf000,$0xfff0
-
-
-bugger_off_msg:
- .ascii "Direct booting from floppy is no longer supported.\r\n"
- .ascii "Please use a boot loader program instead.\r\n"
- .ascii "\n"
- .ascii "Remove disk and press any key to reboot . . .\r\n"
- .byte 0
-
-
- # Kernel attributes; used by setup
-
- .org 497
-setup_sects: .byte SETUPSECTS
-root_flags: .word ROOT_RDONLY
-syssize: .word SYSSIZE
-swap_dev: .word SWAP_DEV
-ram_size: .word RAMDISK
-vid_mode: .word SVGA_MODE
-root_dev: .word ROOT_DEV
-boot_flag: .word 0xAA55
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/x86_64/boot/compressed/Makefile
index 705a3e3..c9f2da7 100644
--- a/arch/x86_64/boot/compressed/Makefile
+++ b/arch/x86_64/boot/compressed/Makefile
@@ -7,11 +7,12 @@
#

targets := vmlinux vmlinux.bin vmlinux.bin.gz head.o misc.o piggy.o
-EXTRA_AFLAGS := -traditional

-# cannot use EXTRA_CFLAGS because base CFLAGS contains -mkernel which conflicts with
-# -m32
-CFLAGS := -m64 -D__KERNEL__ -Iinclude -O2 -fno-strict-aliasing -fPIC -mcmodel=small -fno-builtin
+CFLAGS := -m64 -D__KERNEL__ $(LINUXINCLUDE) -O2 \
+ -fno-strict-aliasing -fPIC -mcmodel=small \
+ $(call cc-option, -ffreestanding) \
+ $(call cc-option, -fno-stack-protector)
+AFLAGS := $(CFLAGS) -D__ASSEMBLY__
LDFLAGS := -m elf_x86_64

LDFLAGS_vmlinux := -T
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/boot/install.sh b/arch/x86_64/boot/install.sh
deleted file mode 100644
index baaa236..0000000
--- a/arch/x86_64/boot/install.sh
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,2 +0,0 @@
-#!/bin/sh
-. $srctree/arch/i386/boot/install.sh
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/boot/mtools.conf.in b/arch/x86_64/boot/mtools.conf.in
deleted file mode 100644
index efd6d24..0000000
--- a/arch/x86_64/boot/mtools.conf.in
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,17 +0,0 @@
-#
-# mtools configuration file for "make (b)zdisk"
-#
-
-# Actual floppy drive
-drive a:
- file="/dev/fd0"
-
-# 1.44 MB floppy disk image
-drive v:
- file="@OBJ@/fdimage" cylinders=80 heads=2 sectors=18 filter
-
-# 2.88 MB floppy disk image (mostly for virtual uses)
-drive w:
- file="@OBJ@/fdimage" cylinders=80 heads=2 sectors=36 filter
-
-
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/boot/setup.S b/arch/x86_64/boot/setup.S
deleted file mode 100644
index e9e33f9..0000000
--- a/arch/x86_64/boot/setup.S
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,826 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * setup.S Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
- *
- * setup.s is responsible for getting the system data from the BIOS,
- * and putting them into the appropriate places in system memory.
- * both setup.s and system has been loaded by the bootblock.
- *
- * This code asks the bios for memory/disk/other parameters, and
- * puts them in a "safe" place: 0x90000-0x901FF, ie where the
- * boot-block used to be. It is then up to the protected mode
- * system to read them from there before the area is overwritten
- * for buffer-blocks.
- *
- * Move PS/2 aux init code to psaux.c
- * (troyer@saifr00.cfsat.Honeywell.COM) 03Oct92
- *
- * some changes and additional features by Christoph Niemann,
- * March 1993/June 1994 (Christoph.Niemann@linux.org)
- *
- * add APM BIOS checking by Stephen Rothwell, May 1994
- * (sfr@canb.auug.org.au)
- *
- * High load stuff, initrd support and position independency
- * by Hans Lermen & Werner Almesberger, February 1996
- * <lermen@elserv.ffm.fgan.de>, <almesber@lrc.epfl.ch>
- *
- * Video handling moved to video.S by Martin Mares, March 1996
- * <mj@k332.feld.cvut.cz>
- *
- * Extended memory detection scheme retwiddled by orc@pell.chi.il.us (david
- * parsons) to avoid loadlin confusion, July 1997
- *
- * Transcribed from Intel (as86) -> AT&T (gas) by Chris Noe, May 1999.
- * <stiker@northlink.com>
- *
- * Fix to work around buggy BIOSes which don't use carry bit correctly
- * and/or report extended memory in CX/DX for e801h memory size detection
- * call. As a result the kernel got wrong figures. The int15/e801h docs
- * from Ralf Brown interrupt list seem to indicate AX/BX should be used
- * anyway. So to avoid breaking many machines (presumably there was a reason
- * to orginally use CX/DX instead of AX/BX), we do a kludge to see
- * if CX/DX have been changed in the e801 call and if so use AX/BX .
- * Michael Miller, April 2001 <michaelm@mjmm.org>
- *
- * Added long mode checking and SSE force. March 2003, Andi Kleen.
- */
-
-#include <asm/segment.h>
-#include <linux/utsrelease.h>
-#include <linux/compile.h>
-#include <asm/boot.h>
-#include <asm/e820.h>
-#include <asm/page.h>
-#include <asm/setup.h>
-
-/* Signature words to ensure LILO loaded us right */
-#define SIG1 0xAA55
-#define SIG2 0x5A5A
-
-INITSEG = DEF_INITSEG # 0x9000, we move boot here, out of the way
-SYSSEG = DEF_SYSSEG # 0x1000, system loaded at 0x10000 (65536).
-SETUPSEG = DEF_SETUPSEG # 0x9020, this is the current segment
- # ... and the former contents of CS
-
-DELTA_INITSEG = SETUPSEG - INITSEG # 0x0020
-
-.code16
-.globl begtext, begdata, begbss, endtext, enddata, endbss
-
-.text
-begtext:
-.data
-begdata:
-.bss
-begbss:
-.text
-
-start:
- jmp trampoline
-
-# This is the setup header, and it must start at %cs:2 (old 0x9020:2)
-
- .ascii "HdrS" # header signature
- .word 0x0206 # header version number (>= 0x0105)
- # or else old loadlin-1.5 will fail)
-realmode_swtch: .word 0, 0 # default_switch, SETUPSEG
-start_sys_seg: .word SYSSEG
- .word kernel_version # pointing to kernel version string
- # above section of header is compatible
- # with loadlin-1.5 (header v1.5). Don't
- # change it.
-
-type_of_loader: .byte 0 # = 0, old one (LILO, Loadlin,
- # Bootlin, SYSLX, bootsect...)
- # See Documentation/i386/boot.txt for
- # assigned ids
-
-# flags, unused bits must be zero (RFU) bit within loadflags
-loadflags:
-LOADED_HIGH = 1 # If set, the kernel is loaded high
-CAN_USE_HEAP = 0x80 # If set, the loader also has set
- # heap_end_ptr to tell how much
- # space behind setup.S can be used for
- # heap purposes.
- # Only the loader knows what is free
-#ifndef __BIG_KERNEL__
- .byte 0
-#else
- .byte LOADED_HIGH
-#endif
-
-setup_move_size: .word 0x8000 # size to move, when setup is not
- # loaded at 0x90000. We will move setup
- # to 0x90000 then just before jumping
- # into the kernel. However, only the
- # loader knows how much data behind
- # us also needs to be loaded.
-
-code32_start: # here loaders can put a different
- # start address for 32-bit code.
-#ifndef __BIG_KERNEL__
- .long 0x1000 # 0x1000 = default for zImage
-#else
- .long 0x100000 # 0x100000 = default for big kernel
-#endif
-
-ramdisk_image: .long 0 # address of loaded ramdisk image
- # Here the loader puts the 32-bit
- # address where it loaded the image.
- # This only will be read by the kernel.
-
-ramdisk_size: .long 0 # its size in bytes
-
-bootsect_kludge:
- .long 0 # obsolete
-
-heap_end_ptr: .word modelist+1024 # (Header version 0x0201 or later)
- # space from here (exclusive) down to
- # end of setup code can be used by setup
- # for local heap purposes.
-
-pad1: .word 0
-cmd_line_ptr: .long 0 # (Header version 0x0202 or later)
- # If nonzero, a 32-bit pointer
- # to the kernel command line.
- # The command line should be
- # located between the start of
- # setup and the end of low
- # memory (0xa0000), or it may
- # get overwritten before it
- # gets read. If this field is
- # used, there is no longer
- # anything magical about the
- # 0x90000 segment; the setup
- # can be located anywhere in
- # low memory 0x10000 or higher.
-
-ramdisk_max: .long 0xffffffff
-kernel_alignment: .long 0x200000 # physical addr alignment required for
- # protected mode relocatable kernel
-#ifdef CONFIG_RELOCATABLE
-relocatable_kernel: .byte 1
-#else
-relocatable_kernel: .byte 0
-#endif
-pad2: .byte 0
-pad3: .word 0
-
-cmdline_size: .long COMMAND_LINE_SIZE-1 #length of the command line,
- #added with boot protocol
- #version 2.06
-
-trampoline: call start_of_setup
- .align 16
- # The offset at this point is 0x240
- .space (0xeff-0x240+1) # E820 & EDD space (ending at 0xeff)
-# End of setup header #####################################################
-
-start_of_setup:
-# Bootlin depends on this being done early
- movw $0x01500, %ax
- movb $0x81, %dl
- int $0x13
-
-#ifdef SAFE_RESET_DISK_CONTROLLER
-# Reset the disk controller.
- movw $0x0000, %ax
- movb $0x80, %dl
- int $0x13
-#endif
-
-# Set %ds = %cs, we know that SETUPSEG = %cs at this point
- movw %cs, %ax # aka SETUPSEG
- movw %ax, %ds
-# Check signature at end of setup
- cmpw $SIG1, setup_sig1
- jne bad_sig
-
- cmpw $SIG2, setup_sig2
- jne bad_sig
-
- jmp good_sig1
-
-# Routine to print asciiz string at ds:si
-prtstr:
- lodsb
- andb %al, %al
- jz fin
-
- call prtchr
- jmp prtstr
-
-fin: ret
-
-# Space printing
-prtsp2: call prtspc # Print double space
-prtspc: movb $0x20, %al # Print single space (note: fall-thru)
-
-prtchr:
- pushw %ax
- pushw %cx
- movw $0007,%bx
- movw $0x01, %cx
- movb $0x0e, %ah
- int $0x10
- popw %cx
- popw %ax
- ret
-
-beep: movb $0x07, %al
- jmp prtchr
-
-no_sig_mess: .string "No setup signature found ..."
-
-good_sig1:
- jmp good_sig
-
-# We now have to find the rest of the setup code/data
-bad_sig:
- movw %cs, %ax # SETUPSEG
- subw $DELTA_INITSEG, %ax # INITSEG
- movw %ax, %ds
- xorb %bh, %bh
- movb (497), %bl # get setup sect from bootsect
- subw $4, %bx # LILO loads 4 sectors of setup
- shlw $8, %bx # convert to words (1sect=2^8 words)
- movw %bx, %cx
- shrw $3, %bx # convert to segment
- addw $SYSSEG, %bx
- movw %bx, %cs:start_sys_seg
-# Move rest of setup code/data to here
- movw $2048, %di # four sectors loaded by LILO
- subw %si, %si
- movw %cs, %ax # aka SETUPSEG
- movw %ax, %es
- movw $SYSSEG, %ax
- movw %ax, %ds
- rep
- movsw
- movw %cs, %ax # aka SETUPSEG
- movw %ax, %ds
- cmpw $SIG1, setup_sig1
- jne no_sig
-
- cmpw $SIG2, setup_sig2
- jne no_sig
-
- jmp good_sig
-
-no_sig:
- lea no_sig_mess, %si
- call prtstr
-
-no_sig_loop:
- jmp no_sig_loop
-
-good_sig:
- movw %cs, %ax # aka SETUPSEG
- subw $DELTA_INITSEG, %ax # aka INITSEG
- movw %ax, %ds
-# Check if an old loader tries to load a big-kernel
- testb $LOADED_HIGH, %cs:loadflags # Do we have a big kernel?
- jz loader_ok # No, no danger for old loaders.
-
- cmpb $0, %cs:type_of_loader # Do we have a loader that
- # can deal with us?
- jnz loader_ok # Yes, continue.
-
- pushw %cs # No, we have an old loader,
- popw %ds # die.
- lea loader_panic_mess, %si
- call prtstr
-
- jmp no_sig_loop
-
-loader_panic_mess: .string "Wrong loader, giving up..."
-
-loader_ok:
- /* check for long mode. */
- /* we have to do this before the VESA setup, otherwise the user
- can't see the error message. */
-
- pushw %ds
- movw %cs,%ax
- movw %ax,%ds
-
- call verify_cpu
- testl %eax,%eax
- jz sse_ok
-
-no_longmode:
- call beep
- lea long_mode_panic,%si
- call prtstr
-no_longmode_loop:
- jmp no_longmode_loop
-long_mode_panic:
- .string "Your CPU does not support long mode. Use a 32bit distribution."
- .byte 0
-
-#include "../kernel/verify_cpu.S"
-sse_ok:
- popw %ds
-
-# tell BIOS we want to go to long mode
- movl $0xec00,%eax # declare target operating mode
- movl $2,%ebx # long mode
- int $0x15
-
-# Get memory size (extended mem, kB)
-
- xorl %eax, %eax
- movl %eax, (0x1e0)
-#ifndef STANDARD_MEMORY_BIOS_CALL
- movb %al, (E820NR)
-# Try three different memory detection schemes. First, try
-# e820h, which lets us assemble a memory map, then try e801h,
-# which returns a 32-bit memory size, and finally 88h, which
-# returns 0-64m
-
-# method E820H:
-# the memory map from hell. e820h returns memory classified into
-# a whole bunch of different types, and allows memory holes and
-# everything. We scan through this memory map and build a list
-# of the first 32 memory areas, which we return at [E820MAP].
-# This is documented at http://www.acpi.info/, in the ACPI 2.0 specification.
-
-#define SMAP 0x534d4150
-
-meme820:
- xorl %ebx, %ebx # continuation counter
- movw $E820MAP, %di # point into the whitelist
- # so we can have the bios
- # directly write into it.
-
-jmpe820:
- movl $0x0000e820, %eax # e820, upper word zeroed
- movl $SMAP, %edx # ascii 'SMAP'
- movl $20, %ecx # size of the e820rec
- pushw %ds # data record.
- popw %es
- int $0x15 # make the call
- jc bail820 # fall to e801 if it fails
-
- cmpl $SMAP, %eax # check the return is `SMAP'
- jne bail820 # fall to e801 if it fails
-
-# cmpl $1, 16(%di) # is this usable memory?
-# jne again820
-
- # If this is usable memory, we save it by simply advancing %di by
- # sizeof(e820rec).
- #
-good820:
- movb (E820NR), %al # up to 128 entries
- cmpb $E820MAX, %al
- jae bail820
-
- incb (E820NR)
- movw %di, %ax
- addw $20, %ax
- movw %ax, %di
-again820:
- cmpl $0, %ebx # check to see if
- jne jmpe820 # %ebx is set to EOF
-bail820:
-
-
-# method E801H:
-# memory size is in 1k chunksizes, to avoid confusing loadlin.
-# we store the 0xe801 memory size in a completely different place,
-# because it will most likely be longer than 16 bits.
-# (use 1e0 because that's what Larry Augustine uses in his
-# alternative new memory detection scheme, and it's sensible
-# to write everything into the same place.)
-
-meme801:
- stc # fix to work around buggy
- xorw %cx,%cx # BIOSes which don't clear/set
- xorw %dx,%dx # carry on pass/error of
- # e801h memory size call
- # or merely pass cx,dx though
- # without changing them.
- movw $0xe801, %ax
- int $0x15
- jc mem88
-
- cmpw $0x0, %cx # Kludge to handle BIOSes
- jne e801usecxdx # which report their extended
- cmpw $0x0, %dx # memory in AX/BX rather than
- jne e801usecxdx # CX/DX. The spec I have read
- movw %ax, %cx # seems to indicate AX/BX
- movw %bx, %dx # are more reasonable anyway...
-
-e801usecxdx:
- andl $0xffff, %edx # clear sign extend
- shll $6, %edx # and go from 64k to 1k chunks
- movl %edx, (0x1e0) # store extended memory size
- andl $0xffff, %ecx # clear sign extend
- addl %ecx, (0x1e0) # and add lower memory into
- # total size.
-
-# Ye Olde Traditional Methode. Returns the memory size (up to 16mb or
-# 64mb, depending on the bios) in ax.
-mem88:
-
-#endif
- movb $0x88, %ah
- int $0x15
- movw %ax, (2)
-
-# Set the keyboard repeat rate to the max
- movw $0x0305, %ax
- xorw %bx, %bx
- int $0x16
-
-# Check for video adapter and its parameters and allow the
-# user to browse video modes.
- call video # NOTE: we need %ds pointing
- # to bootsector
-
-# Get hd0 data...
- xorw %ax, %ax
- movw %ax, %ds
- ldsw (4 * 0x41), %si
- movw %cs, %ax # aka SETUPSEG
- subw $DELTA_INITSEG, %ax # aka INITSEG
- pushw %ax
- movw %ax, %es
- movw $0x0080, %di
- movw $0x10, %cx
- pushw %cx
- cld
- rep
- movsb
-# Get hd1 data...
- xorw %ax, %ax
- movw %ax, %ds
- ldsw (4 * 0x46), %si
- popw %cx
- popw %es
- movw $0x0090, %di
- rep
- movsb
-# Check that there IS a hd1 :-)
- movw $0x01500, %ax
- movb $0x81, %dl
- int $0x13
- jc no_disk1
-
- cmpb $3, %ah
- je is_disk1
-
-no_disk1:
- movw %cs, %ax # aka SETUPSEG
- subw $DELTA_INITSEG, %ax # aka INITSEG
- movw %ax, %es
- movw $0x0090, %di
- movw $0x10, %cx
- xorw %ax, %ax
- cld
- rep
- stosb
-is_disk1:
-
-# Check for PS/2 pointing device
- movw %cs, %ax # aka SETUPSEG
- subw $DELTA_INITSEG, %ax # aka INITSEG
- movw %ax, %ds
- movb $0, (0x1ff) # default is no pointing device
- int $0x11 # int 0x11: equipment list
- testb $0x04, %al # check if mouse installed
- jz no_psmouse
-
- movb $0xAA, (0x1ff) # device present
-no_psmouse:
-
-#include "../../i386/boot/edd.S"
-
-# Now we want to move to protected mode ...
- cmpw $0, %cs:realmode_swtch
- jz rmodeswtch_normal
-
- lcall *%cs:realmode_swtch
-
- jmp rmodeswtch_end
-
-rmodeswtch_normal:
- pushw %cs
- call default_switch
-
-rmodeswtch_end:
-# we get the code32 start address and modify the below 'jmpi'
-# (loader may have changed it)
- movl %cs:code32_start, %eax
- movl %eax, %cs:code32
-
-# Now we move the system to its rightful place ... but we check if we have a
-# big-kernel. In that case we *must* not move it ...
- testb $LOADED_HIGH, %cs:loadflags
- jz do_move0 # .. then we have a normal low
- # loaded zImage
- # .. or else we have a high
- # loaded bzImage
- jmp end_move # ... and we skip moving
-
-do_move0:
- movw $0x100, %ax # start of destination segment
- movw %cs, %bp # aka SETUPSEG
- subw $DELTA_INITSEG, %bp # aka INITSEG
- movw %cs:start_sys_seg, %bx # start of source segment
- cld
-do_move:
- movw %ax, %es # destination segment
- incb %ah # instead of add ax,#0x100
- movw %bx, %ds # source segment
- addw $0x100, %bx
- subw %di, %di
- subw %si, %si
- movw $0x800, %cx
- rep
- movsw
- cmpw %bp, %bx # assume start_sys_seg > 0x200,
- # so we will perhaps read one
- # page more than needed, but
- # never overwrite INITSEG
- # because destination is a
- # minimum one page below source
- jb do_move
-
-end_move:
-# then we load the segment descriptors
- movw %cs, %ax # aka SETUPSEG
- movw %ax, %ds
-
-# Check whether we need to be downward compatible with version <=201
- cmpl $0, cmd_line_ptr
- jne end_move_self # loader uses version >=202 features
- cmpb $0x20, type_of_loader
- je end_move_self # bootsect loader, we know of it
-
-# Boot loader doesnt support boot protocol version 2.02.
-# If we have our code not at 0x90000, we need to move it there now.
-# We also then need to move the params behind it (commandline)
-# Because we would overwrite the code on the current IP, we move
-# it in two steps, jumping high after the first one.
- movw %cs, %ax
- cmpw $SETUPSEG, %ax
- je end_move_self
-
- cli # make sure we really have
- # interrupts disabled !
- # because after this the stack
- # should not be used
- subw $DELTA_INITSEG, %ax # aka INITSEG
- movw %ss, %dx
- cmpw %ax, %dx
- jb move_self_1
-
- addw $INITSEG, %dx
- subw %ax, %dx # this will go into %ss after
- # the move
-move_self_1:
- movw %ax, %ds
- movw $INITSEG, %ax # real INITSEG
- movw %ax, %es
- movw %cs:setup_move_size, %cx
- std # we have to move up, so we use
- # direction down because the
- # areas may overlap
- movw %cx, %di
- decw %di
- movw %di, %si
- subw $move_self_here+0x200, %cx
- rep
- movsb
- ljmp $SETUPSEG, $move_self_here
-
-move_self_here:
- movw $move_self_here+0x200, %cx
- rep
- movsb
- movw $SETUPSEG, %ax
- movw %ax, %ds
- movw %dx, %ss
-end_move_self: # now we are at the right place
- lidt idt_48 # load idt with 0,0
- xorl %eax, %eax # Compute gdt_base
- movw %ds, %ax # (Convert %ds:gdt to a linear ptr)
- shll $4, %eax
- addl $gdt, %eax
- movl %eax, (gdt_48+2)
- lgdt gdt_48 # load gdt with whatever is
- # appropriate
-
-# that was painless, now we enable a20
- call empty_8042
-
- movb $0xD1, %al # command write
- outb %al, $0x64
- call empty_8042
-
- movb $0xDF, %al # A20 on
- outb %al, $0x60
- call empty_8042
-
-#
-# You must preserve the other bits here. Otherwise embarrasing things
-# like laptops powering off on boot happen. Corrected version by Kira
-# Brown from Linux 2.2
-#
- inb $0x92, %al #
- orb $02, %al # "fast A20" version
- outb %al, $0x92 # some chips have only this
-
-# wait until a20 really *is* enabled; it can take a fair amount of
-# time on certain systems; Toshiba Tecras are known to have this
-# problem. The memory location used here (0x200) is the int 0x80
-# vector, which should be safe to use.
-
- xorw %ax, %ax # segment 0x0000
- movw %ax, %fs
- decw %ax # segment 0xffff (HMA)
- movw %ax, %gs
-a20_wait:
- incw %ax # unused memory location <0xfff0
- movw %ax, %fs:(0x200) # we use the "int 0x80" vector
- cmpw %gs:(0x210), %ax # and its corresponding HMA addr
- je a20_wait # loop until no longer aliased
-
-# make sure any possible coprocessor is properly reset..
- xorw %ax, %ax
- outb %al, $0xf0
- call delay
-
- outb %al, $0xf1
- call delay
-
-# well, that went ok, I hope. Now we mask all interrupts - the rest
-# is done in init_IRQ().
- movb $0xFF, %al # mask all interrupts for now
- outb %al, $0xA1
- call delay
-
- movb $0xFB, %al # mask all irq's but irq2 which
- outb %al, $0x21 # is cascaded
-
-# Well, that certainly wasn't fun :-(. Hopefully it works, and we don't
-# need no steenking BIOS anyway (except for the initial loading :-).
-# The BIOS-routine wants lots of unnecessary data, and it's less
-# "interesting" anyway. This is how REAL programmers do it.
-#
-# Well, now's the time to actually move into protected mode. To make
-# things as simple as possible, we do no register set-up or anything,
-# we let the gnu-compiled 32-bit programs do that. We just jump to
-# absolute address 0x1000 (or the loader supplied one),
-# in 32-bit protected mode.
-#
-# Note that the short jump isn't strictly needed, although there are
-# reasons why it might be a good idea. It won't hurt in any case.
- movw $1, %ax # protected mode (PE) bit
- lmsw %ax # This is it!
- jmp flush_instr
-
-flush_instr:
- xorw %bx, %bx # Flag to indicate a boot
- xorl %esi, %esi # Pointer to real-mode code
- movw %cs, %si
- subw $DELTA_INITSEG, %si
- shll $4, %esi # Convert to 32-bit pointer
-# NOTE: For high loaded big kernels we need a
-# jmpi 0x100000,__KERNEL_CS
-#
-# but we yet haven't reloaded the CS register, so the default size
-# of the target offset still is 16 bit.
-# However, using an operand prefix (0x66), the CPU will properly
-# take our 48 bit far pointer. (INTeL 80386 Programmer's Reference
-# Manual, Mixing 16-bit and 32-bit code, page 16-6)
-
- .byte 0x66, 0xea # prefix + jmpi-opcode
-code32: .long 0x1000 # will be set to 0x100000
- # for big kernels
- .word __KERNEL_CS
-
-# Here's a bunch of information about your current kernel..
-kernel_version: .ascii UTS_RELEASE
- .ascii " ("
- .ascii LINUX_COMPILE_BY
- .ascii "@"
- .ascii LINUX_COMPILE_HOST
- .ascii ") "
- .ascii UTS_VERSION
- .byte 0
-
-# This is the default real mode switch routine.
-# to be called just before protected mode transition
-default_switch:
- cli # no interrupts allowed !
- movb $0x80, %al # disable NMI for bootup
- # sequence
- outb %al, $0x70
- lret
-
-
-# This routine checks that the keyboard command queue is empty
-# (after emptying the output buffers)
-#
-# Some machines have delusions that the keyboard buffer is always full
-# with no keyboard attached...
-#
-# If there is no keyboard controller, we will usually get 0xff
-# to all the reads. With each IO taking a microsecond and
-# a timeout of 100,000 iterations, this can take about half a
-# second ("delay" == outb to port 0x80). That should be ok,
-# and should also be plenty of time for a real keyboard controller
-# to empty.
-#
-
-empty_8042:
- pushl %ecx
- movl $100000, %ecx
-
-empty_8042_loop:
- decl %ecx
- jz empty_8042_end_loop
-
- call delay
-
- inb $0x64, %al # 8042 status port
- testb $1, %al # output buffer?
- jz no_output
-
- call delay
- inb $0x60, %al # read it
- jmp empty_8042_loop
-
-no_output:
- testb $2, %al # is input buffer full?
- jnz empty_8042_loop # yes - loop
-empty_8042_end_loop:
- popl %ecx
- ret
-
-# Read the cmos clock. Return the seconds in al
-gettime:
- pushw %cx
- movb $0x02, %ah
- int $0x1a
- movb %dh, %al # %dh contains the seconds
- andb $0x0f, %al
- movb %dh, %ah
- movb $0x04, %cl
- shrb %cl, %ah
- aad
- popw %cx
- ret
-
-# Delay is needed after doing I/O
-delay:
- outb %al,$0x80
- ret
-
-# Descriptor tables
-gdt:
- .word 0, 0, 0, 0 # dummy
-
- .word 0, 0, 0, 0 # unused
-
- .word 0xFFFF # 4Gb - (0x100000*0x1000 = 4Gb)
- .word 0 # base address = 0
- .word 0x9A00 # code read/exec
- .word 0x00CF # granularity = 4096, 386
- # (+5th nibble of limit)
-
- .word 0xFFFF # 4Gb - (0x100000*0x1000 = 4Gb)
- .word 0 # base address = 0
- .word 0x9200 # data read/write
- .word 0x00CF # granularity = 4096, 386
- # (+5th nibble of limit)
-gdt_end:
-idt_48:
- .word 0 # idt limit = 0
- .word 0, 0 # idt base = 0L
-gdt_48:
- .word gdt_end-gdt-1 # gdt limit
- .word 0, 0 # gdt base (filled in later)
-
-# Include video setup & detection code
-
-#include "../../i386/boot/video.S"
-
-# Setup signature -- must be last
-setup_sig1: .word SIG1
-setup_sig2: .word SIG2
-
-# After this point, there is some free space which is used by the video mode
-# handling code to store the temporary mode table (not used by the kernel).
-
-modelist:
-
-.text
-endtext:
-.data
-enddata:
-.bss
-endbss:
diff --git a/arch/x86_64/boot/tools/build.c b/arch/x86_64/boot/tools/build.c
deleted file mode 100644
index eae8669..0000000
--- a/arch/x86_64/boot/tools/build.c
+++ /dev/null
@@ -1,185 +0,0 @@
-/*
- * Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
- * Copyright (C) 1997 Martin Mares
- */
-
-/*
- * This file builds a disk-image from three different files:
- *
- * - bootsect: compatibility mbr which prints an error message if
- * someone tries to boot the kernel directly.
- * - setup: 8086 machine code, sets up system parm
- * - system: 80386 code for actual system
- *
- * It does some checking that all files are of the correct type, and
- * just writes the result to stdout, removing headers and padding to
- * the right amount. It also writes some system data to stderr.
- */
-
-/*
- * Changes by tytso to allow root device specification
- * High loaded stuff by Hans Lermen & Werner Almesberger, Feb. 1996
- * Cross compiling fixes by Gertjan van Wingerde, July 1996
- * Rewritten by Martin Mares, April 1997
- */
-
-#include <stdio.h>
-#include <string.h>
-#include <stdlib.h>
-#include <stdarg.h>
-#include <sys/types.h>
-#include <sys/stat.h>
-#include <sys/sysmacros.h>
-#include <unistd.h>
-#include <fcntl.h>
-#include <asm/boot.h>
-
-typedef unsigned char byte;
-typedef unsigned short word;
-typedef unsigned long u32;
-
-#define DEFAULT_MAJOR_ROOT 0
-#define DEFAULT_MINOR_ROOT 0
-
-/* Minimal number of setup sectors (see also bootsect.S) */
-#define SETUP_SECTS 4
-
-byte buf[1024];
-int fd;
-int is_big_kernel;
-
-void die(const char * str, ...)
-{
- va_list args;
- va_start(args, str);
- vfprintf(stderr, str, args);
- fputc('\n', stderr);
- exit(1);
-}
-
-void file_open(const char *name)
-{
- if ((fd = open(name, O_RDONLY, 0)) < 0)
- die("Unable to open `%s': %m", name);
-}
-
-void usage(void)
-{
- die("Usage: build [-b] bootsect setup system [rootdev] [> image]");
-}
-
-int main(int argc, char ** argv)
-{
- unsigned int i, c, sz, setup_sectors;
- u32 sys_size;
- byte major_root, minor_root;
- struct stat sb;
-
- if (argc > 2 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-b"))
- {
- is_big_kernel = 1;
- argc--, argv++;
- }
- if ((argc < 4) || (argc > 5))
- usage();
- if (argc > 4) {
- if (!strcmp(argv[4], "CURRENT")) {
- if (stat("/", &sb)) {
- perror("/");
- die("Couldn't stat /");
- }
- major_root = major(sb.st_dev);
- minor_root = minor(sb.st_dev);
- } else if (strcmp(argv[4], "FLOPPY")) {
- if (stat(argv[4], &sb)) {
- perror(argv[4]);
- die("Couldn't stat root device.");
- }
- major_root = major(sb.st_rdev);
- minor_root = minor(sb.st_rdev);
- } else {
- major_root = 0;
- minor_root = 0;
- }
- } else {
- major_root = DEFAULT_MAJOR_ROOT;
- minor_root = DEFAULT_MINOR_ROOT;
- }
- fprintf(stderr, "Root device is (%d, %d)\n", major_root, minor_root);
-
- file_open(argv[1]);
- i = read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));
- fprintf(stderr,"Boot sector %d bytes.\n",i);
- if (i != 512)
- die("Boot block must be exactly 512 bytes");
- if (buf[510] != 0x55 || buf[511] != 0xaa)
- die("Boot block hasn't got boot flag (0xAA55)");
- buf[508] = minor_root;
- buf[509] = major_root;
- if (write(1, buf, 512) != 512)
- die("Write call failed");
- close (fd);
-
- file_open(argv[2]); /* Copy the setup code */
- for (i=0 ; (c=read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf)))>0 ; i+=c )
- if (write(1, buf, c) != c)
- die("Write call failed");
- if (c != 0)
- die("read-error on `setup'");
- close (fd);
-
- setup_sectors = (i + 511) / 512; /* Pad unused space with zeros */
- /* for compatibility with ancient versions of LILO. */
- if (setup_sectors < SETUP_SECTS)
- setup_sectors = SETUP_SECTS;
- fprintf(stderr, "Setup is %d bytes.\n", i);
- memset(buf, 0, sizeof(buf));
- while (i < setup_sectors * 512) {
- c = setup_sectors * 512 - i;
- if (c > sizeof(buf))
- c = sizeof(buf);
- if (write(1, buf, c) != c)
- die("Write call failed");
- i += c;
- }
-
- file_open(argv[3]);
- if (fstat (fd, &sb))
- die("Unable to stat `%s': %m", argv[3]);
- sz = sb.st_size;
- fprintf (stderr, "System is %d kB\n", sz/1024);
- sys_size = (sz + 15) / 16;
- if (!is_big_kernel && sys_size > DEF_SYSSIZE)
- die("System is too big. Try using bzImage or modules.");
- while (sz > 0) {
- int l, n;
-
- l = (sz > sizeof(buf)) ? sizeof(buf) : sz;
- if ((n=read(fd, buf, l)) != l) {
- if (n < 0)
- die("Error reading %s: %m", argv[3]);
- else
- die("%s: Unexpected EOF", argv[3]);
- }
- if (write(1, buf, l) != l)
- die("Write failed");
- sz -= l;
- }
- close(fd);
-
- if (lseek(1, 497, SEEK_SET) != 497) /* Write sizes to the bootsector */
- die("Output: seek failed");
- buf[0] = setup_sectors;
- if (write(1, buf, 1) != 1)
- die("Write of setup sector count failed");
- if (lseek(1, 500, SEEK_SET) != 500)
- die("Output: seek failed");
- buf[0] = (sys_size & 0xff);
- buf[1] = ((sys_size >> 8) & 0xff);
- buf[2] = ((sys_size >> 16) & 0xff);
- buf[3] = ((sys_size >> 24) & 0xff);
- if (write(1, buf, 4) != 4)
- die("Write of image length failed");
-
- return 0; /* Everything is OK */
-}
--
1.5.2.2
-
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