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Subject[PATCH] signals: real-time signals delivery order
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From: Anton Salikhmetov <salikhmetov@gmail.com>

According to the POSIX standard, multiple real-time signals
pending to a process should be delivered in a strict order.
Specifically, the lowest-numbered signal should be delivered
first and multiple occurrences of signals with the same number
should be delivered in FIFO order.

Current Linux kernel delivers the highest-numbered signals
pending to a process first, not the lowest-numbered ones. This
contradicts to the requirement explained above. The problem can
be demonstrated by the following test program:

#include <signal.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#define SIG_RAND (SIGRTMIN + rand() % (SIGRTMAX - SIGRTMIN + 1))
#define NUMSIG 7

struct {
int sig, num;
} seq[NUMSIG];

void sh(int sig, siginfo_t *info, void *unused)
{
static int cnt;
seq[cnt].num = info->si_value.sival_int;
seq[cnt++].sig = sig;
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int i;
pid_t p = getpid();
struct sigaction sa;
sigset_t ss, ssold;
union sigval sv;

sigemptyset(&ss);
for (i = SIGRTMIN; i <= SIGRTMAX; i++) {
sa.sa_sigaction = sh;
sa.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO;
sigemptyset(&sa.sa_mask);
sigaction(i, &sa, NULL);
sigaddset(&ss, i);
}

sigprocmask(SIG_BLOCK, &ss, &ssold);
switch (fork()) {
case -1:
perror("fork()");
return 1;
case 0:
srand(time(NULL));
for (i = 0; i < NUMSIG; i++) {
sv.sival_int = i;
sigqueue(p, SIG_RAND, sv);
}
return 0;
default:
wait(NULL);
}
sigprocmask(SIG_SETMASK, &ssold, NULL);

for (i = 0; i < NUMSIG; i++)
printf("SIGRTMIN + %2d, sent with number %d\n",
seq[i].sig - SIGRTMIN, seq[i].num);
return 0;
}

Example of the program output for the original kernel:

SIGRTMIN + 23, sent with number 0
SIGRTMIN + 21, sent with number 1
SIGRTMIN + 21, sent with number 6
SIGRTMIN + 16, sent with number 2
SIGRTMIN + 15, sent with number 3
SIGRTMIN + 14, sent with number 4
SIGRTMIN + 5, sent with number 5

Example of the program output for the patched kernel:

SIGRTMIN + 2, sent with number 1
SIGRTMIN + 3, sent with number 0
SIGRTMIN + 17, sent with number 3
SIGRTMIN + 23, sent with number 5
SIGRTMIN + 25, sent with number 2
SIGRTMIN + 29, sent with number 6
SIGRTMIN + 30, sent with number 4

Patch for the Linux 2.6.22.1 kernel:

Signed-off-by: Anton Salikhmetov <salikhmetov@gmail.com>
---
--- linux-2.6.22.1.orig/kernel/signal.c 2007-07-10 22:56:30.000000000
+0400
+++ linux-2.6.22.1/kernel/signal.c 2007-07-11 04:42:17.000000000 +0400
@@ -134,34 +134,11 @@

int next_signal(struct sigpending *pending, sigset_t *mask)
{
- unsigned long i, *s, *m, x;
- int sig = 0;
-
- s = pending->signal.sig;
- m = mask->sig;
- switch (_NSIG_WORDS) {
- default:
- for (i = 0; i < _NSIG_WORDS; ++i, ++s, ++m)
- if ((x = *s &~ *m) != 0) {
- sig = ffz(~x) + i*_NSIG_BPW + 1;
- break;
- }
- break;
-
- case 2: if ((x = s[0] &~ m[0]) != 0)
- sig = 1;
- else if ((x = s[1] &~ m[1]) != 0)
- sig = _NSIG_BPW + 1;
- else
- break;
- sig += ffz(~x);
- break;
-
- case 1: if ((x = *s &~ *m) != 0)
- sig = ffz(~x) + 1;
- break;
- }
-
+ unsigned long *s = pending->signal.sig, *m = mask->sig, x;
+ int sig = 0, i;
+ for (i = 0; i < _NSIG_WORDS; i++, s++, m++)
+ if ((x = (*s & ~*m)))
+ sig = fls(x) + i * _NSIG_BPW;
return sig;
}

-
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