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SubjectRe: raid1 with nbd member hangs MD on SLES10 and RHEL5
On 6/13/07, Mike Snitzer <snitzer@gmail.com> wrote:
> On 6/13/07, Mike Snitzer <snitzer@gmail.com> wrote:
> > On 6/12/07, Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> wrote:
> ...
> > > > > On 6/12/07, Neil Brown <neilb@suse.de> wrote:
> > > > > > On Tuesday June 12, snitzer@gmail.com wrote:
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > I can provided more detailed information; please just ask.
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > > A complete sysrq trace (all processes) might help.
>
> Bringing this back to a wider audience. I provided the full sysrq
> trace of the RHEL5 kernel to Neil; in it we saw that md0_raid1 had the
> following trace:
>
> md0_raid1 D ffff810026183ce0 5368 31663 11 3822 29488 (L-TLB)
> ffff810026183ce0 ffff810031e9b5f8 0000000000000008 000000000000000a
> ffff810037eef040 ffff810037e17100 00043e64d2983c1f 0000000000004c7f
> ffff810037eef210 0000000100000001 000000081c506640 00000000ffffffff
> Call Trace:
> [<ffffffff8003e371>] keventd_create_kthread+0x0/0x61
> [<ffffffff801b9364>] md_super_wait+0xa8/0xbc
> [<ffffffff8003e711>] autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x2e
> [<ffffffff801b9adb>] md_update_sb+0x1dd/0x23a
> [<ffffffff801bed2a>] md_check_recovery+0x15f/0x449
> [<ffffffff882a1af3>] :raid1:raid1d+0x27/0xc1e
> [<ffffffff80233209>] thread_return+0x0/0xde
> [<ffffffff8023279c>] __sched_text_start+0xc/0xa79
> [<ffffffff8003e371>] keventd_create_kthread+0x0/0x61
> [<ffffffff80233a9f>] schedule_timeout+0x1e/0xad
> [<ffffffff8003e371>] keventd_create_kthread+0x0/0x61
> [<ffffffff801bd06c>] md_thread+0xf8/0x10e
> [<ffffffff8003e711>] autoremove_wake_function+0x0/0x2e
> [<ffffffff801bcf74>] md_thread+0x0/0x10e
> [<ffffffff8003e5e7>] kthread+0xd4/0x109
> [<ffffffff8000a505>] child_rip+0xa/0x11
> [<ffffffff8003e371>] keventd_create_kthread+0x0/0x61
> [<ffffffff8003e513>] kthread+0x0/0x109
> [<ffffffff8000a4fb>] child_rip+0x0/0x11
>
> To which Neil had the following to say:
>
> > > md0_raid1 is holding the lock on the array and trying to write out the
> > > superblocks for some reason, and the write isn't completing.
> > > As it is holding the locks, mdadm and /proc/mdstat are hanging.
...

> > We're using MD+NBD for disaster recovery (one local scsi device, one
> > remote via nbd). The nbd-server is not contributing to md0. The
> > nbd-server is connected to a remote machine that is running a raid1
> > remotely
>
> To take this further I've now collected a full sysrq trace of this
> hang on a SLES10 SP1 RC5 2.6.16.46-0.12-smp kernel, the relevant
> md0_raid1 trace is comparable to the RHEL5 trace from above:
>
> md0_raid1 D ffff810001089780 0 8583 51 8952 8260 (L-TLB)
> ffff810812393ca8 0000000000000046 ffff8107b7fbac00 000000000000000a
> ffff81081f3c6a18 ffff81081f3c67d0 ffff8104ffe8f100 000044819ddcd5e2
> 000000000000eb8b 00000007028009c7
> Call Trace: <ffffffff801e1f94>{generic_make_request+501}
> <ffffffff8026946c>{md_super_wait+168}
> <ffffffff80145aa2>{autoremove_wake_function+0}
> <ffffffff8026f056>{write_page+128} <ffffffff80269ac7>{md_update_sb+220}
> <ffffffff8026bda5>{md_check_recovery+361}
> <ffffffff883a97f5>{:raid1:raid1d+38}
> <ffffffff8013ad8f>{lock_timer_base+27}
> <ffffffff8013ae01>{try_to_del_timer_sync+81}
> <ffffffff8013ae16>{del_timer_sync+12}
> <ffffffff802d9adf>{schedule_timeout+146}
> <ffffffff801456a9>{keventd_create_kthread+0}
> <ffffffff8026d5d8>{md_thread+248}
> <ffffffff80145aa2>{autoremove_wake_function+0}
> <ffffffff8026d4e0>{md_thread+0}
> <ffffffff80145965>{kthread+236} <ffffffff8010bdce>{child_rip+8}
> <ffffffff801456a9>{keventd_create_kthread+0}
> <ffffffff80145879>{kthread+0}
> <ffffffff8010bdc6>{child_rip+0}
>
> Taking a step back, here is what was done to reproduce on SLES10:
> 1) establish a raid1 mirror (md0) using one local member (sdc1) and
> one remote member (nbd0)
> 2) power off the remote machine, whereby severing nbd0's connection
> 3) perform IO to the filesystem that is on the md0 device to enduce
> the MD layer to mark the nbd device as "faulty"
> 4) cat /proc/mdstat hangs, sysrq trace was collected and showed the
> above md0_raid1 trace.
>
> To be clear, the MD superblock update hangs indefinitely on RHEL5.
> But with SLES10 it eventually succeeds (and MD marks the nbd0 member
> faulty); and the other tasks that were blocking waiting for the MD
> lock (e.g. 'cat /proc/mdstat') then complete immediately.
>
> It should be noted that this MD+NBD configuration has worked
> flawlessly using a stock kernel.org 2.6.15.7 kernel (ontop of a
> RHEL4U4 distro). Steps have not been taken to try to reproduce with
> 2.6.15.7 on SLES10; it may be useful to pursue but I'll defer to
> others to suggest I do so.
>
> 2.6.15.7 does not have the SMP race fixes that were made in 2.6.16;
> yet both SLES10 and RHEL5 kernels do:
> http://www.kernel.org/git/?p=linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux-2.6.git;a=commitdiff;h=4b2f0260c74324abca76ccaa42d426af163125e7
>
> If not this specific NBD change, something appears to have changed
> with how NBD behaves in the face of it's connection to the server
> being lost. Almost like the MD superblock update that would be
> written to nbd0 is blocking within nbd or the network layer because of
> a network timeout issue?

Just a quick update; it is really starting to look like there is
definitely an issue with the nbd kernel driver. I booted the SLES10
2.6.16.46-0.12-smp kernel with maxcpus=1 to test the theory that the
nbd SMP fix that went into 2.6.16 was in some way causing this MD/NBD
hang. But it _still_ occurs with the 4-step process I outlined above.

The nbd0 device _should_ feel an NBD_DISCONNECT because the nbd-server
is no longer running (the node it was running on was powered off)...
however the nbd-client is still connected to the kernel (meaning the
kernel didn't return an error back to userspace).

Also, MD is still blocking waiting to write the superblock (presumably
to nbd0).

Mike
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