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SubjectRe: [RFD] BIO_RW_BARRIER - what it means for devices, filesystems, and dm/md.
On Mon, May 28 2007, Neil Brown wrote:
> I think the implementation priorities here are:
>
> 1/ implement a zero-length BIO_RW_BARRIER option.
> 2/ Use it (or otherwise) to make all dm and md modules handle
> barriers (and loop?).
> 3/ Devise and implement appropriate fall-backs with-in the block layer
> so that -EOPNOTSUP is never returned.
> 4/ Remove unneeded cruft from filesystems (and elsewhere).

This is the start of 1/ above. It's very lightly tested, it's verified
to DTRT here at least and not crash :-)

It gets rid of the ->issue_flush_fn() queue callback, all the driver
knowledge resides in ->prepare_flush_fn() anyways. blkdev_issue_flush()
then just reuses the empty-bio approach to queue an empty barrier, this
should work equally well for stacked and non-stacked devices.

While this patch isn't complete yet, it's clearly the right direction to
go.

I didn't convert drivers/md/* to support this approach, I'm leaving that
to you :-)

block/elevator.c | 12 ++
block/ll_rw_blk.c | 173 ++++++++++++++++++--------------
drivers/ide/ide-disk.c | 29 -----
drivers/message/i2o/i2o_block.c | 24 ----
drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c | 17 ---
drivers/scsi/sd.c | 15 --
fs/bio.c | 8 -
include/linux/bio.h | 18 ++-
include/linux/blkdev.h | 3
include/scsi/scsi_driver.h | 1
include/scsi/sd.h | 1
mm/bounce.c | 6 +
12 files changed, 141 insertions(+), 166 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/elevator.c b/block/elevator.c
index ce866eb..af5e58d 100644
--- a/block/elevator.c
+++ b/block/elevator.c
@@ -715,6 +715,18 @@ struct request *elv_next_request(request_queue_t *q)
int ret;

while ((rq = __elv_next_request(q)) != NULL) {
+ /*
+ * Kill the empty barrier place holder, the driver must
+ * not ever see it.
+ */
+ if (blk_fs_request(rq) && blk_barrier_rq(rq) &&
+ !rq->hard_nr_sectors) {
+ blkdev_dequeue_request(rq);
+ rq->cmd_flags |= REQ_QUIET;
+ end_that_request_chunk(rq, 1, 0);
+ end_that_request_last(rq, 1);
+ continue;
+ }
if (!(rq->cmd_flags & REQ_STARTED)) {
/*
* This is the first time the device driver
diff --git a/block/ll_rw_blk.c b/block/ll_rw_blk.c
index 6b5173a..8680083 100644
--- a/block/ll_rw_blk.c
+++ b/block/ll_rw_blk.c
@@ -300,23 +300,6 @@ int blk_queue_ordered(request_queue_t *q, unsigned ordered,

EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_ordered);

-/**
- * blk_queue_issue_flush_fn - set function for issuing a flush
- * @q: the request queue
- * @iff: the function to be called issuing the flush
- *
- * Description:
- * If a driver supports issuing a flush command, the support is notified
- * to the block layer by defining it through this call.
- *
- **/
-void blk_queue_issue_flush_fn(request_queue_t *q, issue_flush_fn *iff)
-{
- q->issue_flush_fn = iff;
-}
-
-EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_queue_issue_flush_fn);
-
/*
* Cache flushing for ordered writes handling
*/
@@ -433,7 +416,8 @@ static inline struct request *start_ordered(request_queue_t *q,
rq_init(q, rq);
if (bio_data_dir(q->orig_bar_rq->bio) == WRITE)
rq->cmd_flags |= REQ_RW;
- rq->cmd_flags |= q->ordered & QUEUE_ORDERED_FUA ? REQ_FUA : 0;
+ if (q->ordered & QUEUE_ORDERED_FUA)
+ rq->cmd_flags |= REQ_FUA;
rq->elevator_private = NULL;
rq->elevator_private2 = NULL;
init_request_from_bio(rq, q->orig_bar_rq->bio);
@@ -445,7 +429,7 @@ static inline struct request *start_ordered(request_queue_t *q,
* no fs request uses ELEVATOR_INSERT_FRONT and thus no fs
* request gets inbetween ordered sequence.
*/
- if (q->ordered & QUEUE_ORDERED_POSTFLUSH)
+ if ((q->ordered & QUEUE_ORDERED_POSTFLUSH) && rq->hard_nr_sectors)
queue_flush(q, QUEUE_ORDERED_POSTFLUSH);
else
q->ordseq |= QUEUE_ORDSEQ_POSTFLUSH;
@@ -469,7 +453,7 @@ static inline struct request *start_ordered(request_queue_t *q,
int blk_do_ordered(request_queue_t *q, struct request **rqp)
{
struct request *rq = *rqp;
- int is_barrier = blk_fs_request(rq) && blk_barrier_rq(rq);
+ const int is_barrier = blk_fs_request(rq) && blk_barrier_rq(rq);

if (!q->ordseq) {
if (!is_barrier)
@@ -2635,6 +2619,16 @@ int blk_execute_rq(request_queue_t *q, struct gendisk *bd_disk,

EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_execute_rq);

+static int bio_end_empty_barrier(struct bio *bio, unsigned int bytes_done,
+ int err)
+{
+ if (err)
+ clear_bit(BIO_UPTODATE, &bio->bi_flags);
+
+ complete(bio->bi_private);
+ return 0;
+}
+
/**
* blkdev_issue_flush - queue a flush
* @bdev: blockdev to issue flush for
@@ -2647,7 +2641,10 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_execute_rq);
*/
int blkdev_issue_flush(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t *error_sector)
{
+ DECLARE_COMPLETION_ONSTACK(wait);
request_queue_t *q;
+ struct bio *bio;
+ int ret;

if (bdev->bd_disk == NULL)
return -ENXIO;
@@ -2655,10 +2652,32 @@ int blkdev_issue_flush(struct block_device *bdev, sector_t *error_sector)
q = bdev_get_queue(bdev);
if (!q)
return -ENXIO;
- if (!q->issue_flush_fn)
- return -EOPNOTSUPP;

- return q->issue_flush_fn(q, bdev->bd_disk, error_sector);
+ bio = bio_alloc(GFP_KERNEL, 0);
+ if (!bio)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ bio->bi_end_io = bio_end_empty_barrier;
+ bio->bi_private = &wait;
+ bio->bi_bdev = bdev;
+ submit_bio(1 << BIO_RW_BARRIER, bio);
+
+ wait_for_completion(&wait);
+
+ /*
+ * The driver must store the error location in ->bi_sector, if
+ * it supports it. For non-stacked drivers, this should be copied
+ * from rq->sector.
+ */
+ if (error_sector)
+ *error_sector = bio->bi_sector;
+
+ ret = 0;
+ if (!bio_flagged(bio, BIO_UPTODATE))
+ ret = -EIO;
+
+ bio_put(bio);
+ return ret;
}

EXPORT_SYMBOL(blkdev_issue_flush);
@@ -3030,7 +3049,7 @@ static inline void blk_partition_remap(struct bio *bio)
{
struct block_device *bdev = bio->bi_bdev;

- if (bdev != bdev->bd_contains) {
+ if (bio_sectors(bio) && bdev != bdev->bd_contains) {
struct hd_struct *p = bdev->bd_part;
const int rw = bio_data_dir(bio);

@@ -3092,6 +3111,35 @@ static inline int should_fail_request(struct bio *bio)

#endif /* CONFIG_FAIL_MAKE_REQUEST */

+/*
+ * Check whether this bio extends beyond the end of the device.
+ */
+static inline int bio_check_eod(struct bio *bio, unsigned int nr_sectors)
+{
+ sector_t maxsector;
+
+ if (!nr_sectors)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* Test device or partition size, when known. */
+ maxsector = bio->bi_bdev->bd_inode->i_size >> 9;
+ if (maxsector) {
+ sector_t sector = bio->bi_sector;
+
+ if (maxsector < nr_sectors || maxsector - nr_sectors < sector) {
+ /*
+ * This may well happen - the kernel calls bread()
+ * without checking the size of the device, e.g., when
+ * mounting a device.
+ */
+ handle_bad_sector(bio);
+ return 1;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
/**
* generic_make_request: hand a buffer to its device driver for I/O
* @bio: The bio describing the location in memory and on the device.
@@ -3119,27 +3167,14 @@ static inline int should_fail_request(struct bio *bio)
static inline void __generic_make_request(struct bio *bio)
{
request_queue_t *q;
- sector_t maxsector;
sector_t old_sector;
int ret, nr_sectors = bio_sectors(bio);
dev_t old_dev;

might_sleep();
- /* Test device or partition size, when known. */
- maxsector = bio->bi_bdev->bd_inode->i_size >> 9;
- if (maxsector) {
- sector_t sector = bio->bi_sector;

- if (maxsector < nr_sectors || maxsector - nr_sectors < sector) {
- /*
- * This may well happen - the kernel calls bread()
- * without checking the size of the device, e.g., when
- * mounting a device.
- */
- handle_bad_sector(bio);
- goto end_io;
- }
- }
+ if (bio_check_eod(bio, nr_sectors))
+ goto end_io;

/*
* Resolve the mapping until finished. (drivers are
@@ -3166,7 +3201,7 @@ end_io:
break;
}

- if (unlikely(bio_sectors(bio) > q->max_hw_sectors)) {
+ if (unlikely(nr_sectors > q->max_hw_sectors)) {
printk("bio too big device %s (%u > %u)\n",
bdevname(bio->bi_bdev, b),
bio_sectors(bio),
@@ -3187,7 +3222,7 @@ end_io:
blk_partition_remap(bio);

if (old_sector != -1)
- blk_add_trace_remap(q, bio, old_dev, bio->bi_sector,
+ blk_add_trace_remap(q, bio, old_dev, bio->bi_sector,
old_sector);

blk_add_trace_bio(q, bio, BLK_TA_QUEUE);
@@ -3195,21 +3230,8 @@ end_io:
old_sector = bio->bi_sector;
old_dev = bio->bi_bdev->bd_dev;

- maxsector = bio->bi_bdev->bd_inode->i_size >> 9;
- if (maxsector) {
- sector_t sector = bio->bi_sector;
-
- if (maxsector < nr_sectors ||
- maxsector - nr_sectors < sector) {
- /*
- * This may well happen - partitions are not
- * checked to make sure they are within the size
- * of the whole device.
- */
- handle_bad_sector(bio);
- goto end_io;
- }
- }
+ if (bio_check_eod(bio, nr_sectors))
+ goto end_io;

ret = q->make_request_fn(q, bio);
} while (ret);
@@ -3282,23 +3304,32 @@ void submit_bio(int rw, struct bio *bio)
{
int count = bio_sectors(bio);

- BIO_BUG_ON(!bio->bi_size);
- BIO_BUG_ON(!bio->bi_io_vec);
bio->bi_rw |= rw;
- if (rw & WRITE) {
- count_vm_events(PGPGOUT, count);
- } else {
- task_io_account_read(bio->bi_size);
- count_vm_events(PGPGIN, count);
- }

- if (unlikely(block_dump)) {
- char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
- printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s(%d): %s block %Lu on %s\n",
- current->comm, current->pid,
- (rw & WRITE) ? "WRITE" : "READ",
- (unsigned long long)bio->bi_sector,
- bdevname(bio->bi_bdev,b));
+ /*
+ * If it's a regular read/write or a barrier with data attached,
+ * go through the normal accounting stuff before submission.
+ */
+ if (!bio_barrier(bio) || count) {
+
+ BIO_BUG_ON(!bio->bi_size);
+ BIO_BUG_ON(!bio->bi_io_vec);
+
+ if (rw & WRITE) {
+ count_vm_events(PGPGOUT, count);
+ } else {
+ task_io_account_read(bio->bi_size);
+ count_vm_events(PGPGIN, count);
+ }
+
+ if (unlikely(block_dump)) {
+ char b[BDEVNAME_SIZE];
+ printk(KERN_DEBUG "%s(%d): %s block %Lu on %s\n",
+ current->comm, current->pid,
+ (rw & WRITE) ? "WRITE" : "READ",
+ (unsigned long long)bio->bi_sector,
+ bdevname(bio->bi_bdev,b));
+ }
}

generic_make_request(bio);
diff --git a/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c b/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c
index 7fff773..23f8181 100644
--- a/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c
+++ b/drivers/ide/ide-disk.c
@@ -697,32 +697,6 @@ static void idedisk_prepare_flush(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq)
rq->buffer = rq->cmd;
}

-static int idedisk_issue_flush(request_queue_t *q, struct gendisk *disk,
- sector_t *error_sector)
-{
- ide_drive_t *drive = q->queuedata;
- struct request *rq;
- int ret;
-
- if (!drive->wcache)
- return 0;
-
- rq = blk_get_request(q, WRITE, __GFP_WAIT);
-
- idedisk_prepare_flush(q, rq);
-
- ret = blk_execute_rq(q, disk, rq, 0);
-
- /*
- * if we failed and caller wants error offset, get it
- */
- if (ret && error_sector)
- *error_sector = ide_get_error_location(drive, rq->cmd);
-
- blk_put_request(rq);
- return ret;
-}
-
/*
* This is tightly woven into the driver->do_special can not touch.
* DON'T do it again until a total personality rewrite is committed.
@@ -762,7 +736,6 @@ static void update_ordered(ide_drive_t *drive)
struct hd_driveid *id = drive->id;
unsigned ordered = QUEUE_ORDERED_NONE;
prepare_flush_fn *prep_fn = NULL;
- issue_flush_fn *issue_fn = NULL;

if (drive->wcache) {
unsigned long long capacity;
@@ -786,13 +759,11 @@ static void update_ordered(ide_drive_t *drive)
if (barrier) {
ordered = QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN_FLUSH;
prep_fn = idedisk_prepare_flush;
- issue_fn = idedisk_issue_flush;
}
} else
ordered = QUEUE_ORDERED_DRAIN;

blk_queue_ordered(drive->queue, ordered, prep_fn);
- blk_queue_issue_flush_fn(drive->queue, issue_fn);
}

static int write_cache(ide_drive_t *drive, int arg)
diff --git a/drivers/message/i2o/i2o_block.c b/drivers/message/i2o/i2o_block.c
index b17c4b2..e794074 100644
--- a/drivers/message/i2o/i2o_block.c
+++ b/drivers/message/i2o/i2o_block.c
@@ -149,29 +149,6 @@ static int i2o_block_device_flush(struct i2o_device *dev)
};

/**
- * i2o_block_issue_flush - device-flush interface for block-layer
- * @queue: the request queue of the device which should be flushed
- * @disk: gendisk
- * @error_sector: error offset
- *
- * Helper function to provide flush functionality to block-layer.
- *
- * Returns 0 on success or negative error code on failure.
- */
-
-static int i2o_block_issue_flush(request_queue_t * queue, struct gendisk *disk,
- sector_t * error_sector)
-{
- struct i2o_block_device *i2o_blk_dev = queue->queuedata;
- int rc = -ENODEV;
-
- if (likely(i2o_blk_dev))
- rc = i2o_block_device_flush(i2o_blk_dev->i2o_dev);
-
- return rc;
-}
-
-/**
* i2o_block_device_mount - Mount (load) the media of device dev
* @dev: I2O device which should receive the mount request
* @media_id: Media Identifier
@@ -1009,7 +986,6 @@ static struct i2o_block_device *i2o_block_device_alloc(void)
}

blk_queue_prep_rq(queue, i2o_block_prep_req_fn);
- blk_queue_issue_flush_fn(queue, i2o_block_issue_flush);

gd->major = I2O_MAJOR;
gd->queue = queue;
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c b/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
index 1f5a07b..4712456 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/scsi_lib.c
@@ -1038,22 +1038,6 @@ static int scsi_init_io(struct scsi_cmnd *cmd)
return BLKPREP_KILL;
}

-static int scsi_issue_flush_fn(request_queue_t *q, struct gendisk *disk,
- sector_t *error_sector)
-{
- struct scsi_device *sdev = q->queuedata;
- struct scsi_driver *drv;
-
- if (sdev->sdev_state != SDEV_RUNNING)
- return -ENXIO;
-
- drv = *(struct scsi_driver **) disk->private_data;
- if (drv->issue_flush)
- return drv->issue_flush(&sdev->sdev_gendev, error_sector);
-
- return -EOPNOTSUPP;
-}
-
static struct scsi_cmnd *scsi_get_cmd_from_req(struct scsi_device *sdev,
struct request *req)
{
@@ -1596,7 +1580,6 @@ struct request_queue *scsi_alloc_queue(struct scsi_device *sdev)
return NULL;

blk_queue_prep_rq(q, scsi_prep_fn);
- blk_queue_issue_flush_fn(q, scsi_issue_flush_fn);
blk_queue_softirq_done(q, scsi_softirq_done);
return q;
}
diff --git a/drivers/scsi/sd.c b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
index 3d8c9cb..19f2655 100644
--- a/drivers/scsi/sd.c
+++ b/drivers/scsi/sd.c
@@ -241,7 +241,6 @@ static struct scsi_driver sd_template = {
},
.rescan = sd_rescan,
.init_command = sd_init_command,
- .issue_flush = sd_issue_flush,
};

/*
@@ -800,20 +799,6 @@ static int sd_sync_cache(struct scsi_disk *sdkp)
return 0;
}

-static int sd_issue_flush(struct device *dev, sector_t *error_sector)
-{
- int ret = 0;
- struct scsi_disk *sdkp = scsi_disk_get_from_dev(dev);
-
- if (!sdkp)
- return -ENODEV;
-
- if (sdkp->WCE)
- ret = sd_sync_cache(sdkp);
- scsi_disk_put(sdkp);
- return ret;
-}
-
static void sd_prepare_flush(request_queue_t *q, struct request *rq)
{
memset(rq->cmd, 0, sizeof(rq->cmd));
diff --git a/fs/bio.c b/fs/bio.c
index 093345f..413bb19 100644
--- a/fs/bio.c
+++ b/fs/bio.c
@@ -109,11 +109,13 @@ static inline struct bio_vec *bvec_alloc_bs(gfp_t gfp_mask, int nr, unsigned lon

void bio_free(struct bio *bio, struct bio_set *bio_set)
{
- const int pool_idx = BIO_POOL_IDX(bio);
+ if (bio->bi_io_vec) {
+ const int pool_idx = BIO_POOL_IDX(bio);

- BIO_BUG_ON(pool_idx >= BIOVEC_NR_POOLS);
+ BIO_BUG_ON(pool_idx >= BIOVEC_NR_POOLS);
+ mempool_free(bio->bi_io_vec, bio_set->bvec_pools[pool_idx]);
+ }

- mempool_free(bio->bi_io_vec, bio_set->bvec_pools[pool_idx]);
mempool_free(bio, bio_set->bio_pool);
}

diff --git a/include/linux/bio.h b/include/linux/bio.h
index 4d85262..82a4420 100644
--- a/include/linux/bio.h
+++ b/include/linux/bio.h
@@ -174,14 +174,28 @@ struct bio {
#define bio_offset(bio) bio_iovec((bio))->bv_offset
#define bio_segments(bio) ((bio)->bi_vcnt - (bio)->bi_idx)
#define bio_sectors(bio) ((bio)->bi_size >> 9)
-#define bio_cur_sectors(bio) (bio_iovec(bio)->bv_len >> 9)
-#define bio_data(bio) (page_address(bio_page((bio))) + bio_offset((bio)))
#define bio_barrier(bio) ((bio)->bi_rw & (1 << BIO_RW_BARRIER))
#define bio_sync(bio) ((bio)->bi_rw & (1 << BIO_RW_SYNC))
#define bio_failfast(bio) ((bio)->bi_rw & (1 << BIO_RW_FAILFAST))
#define bio_rw_ahead(bio) ((bio)->bi_rw & (1 << BIO_RW_AHEAD))
#define bio_rw_meta(bio) ((bio)->bi_rw & (1 << BIO_RW_META))

+static inline unsigned int bio_cur_sectors(struct bio *bio)
+{
+ if (bio->bi_vcnt)
+ return bio_iovec(bio)->bv_len >> 9;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static inline void *bio_data(struct bio *bio)
+{
+ if (bio->bi_vcnt)
+ return page_address(bio_page(bio)) + bio_offset(bio);
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
/*
* will die
*/
diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index db5b00a..47c8540 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -338,7 +338,6 @@ typedef void (unplug_fn) (request_queue_t *);

struct bio_vec;
typedef int (merge_bvec_fn) (request_queue_t *, struct bio *, struct bio_vec *);
-typedef int (issue_flush_fn) (request_queue_t *, struct gendisk *, sector_t *);
typedef void (prepare_flush_fn) (request_queue_t *, struct request *);
typedef void (softirq_done_fn)(struct request *);

@@ -376,7 +375,6 @@ struct request_queue
prep_rq_fn *prep_rq_fn;
unplug_fn *unplug_fn;
merge_bvec_fn *merge_bvec_fn;
- issue_flush_fn *issue_flush_fn;
prepare_flush_fn *prepare_flush_fn;
softirq_done_fn *softirq_done_fn;

@@ -749,7 +747,6 @@ extern void blk_queue_dma_alignment(request_queue_t *, int);
extern void blk_queue_softirq_done(request_queue_t *, softirq_done_fn *);
extern struct backing_dev_info *blk_get_backing_dev_info(struct block_device *bdev);
extern int blk_queue_ordered(request_queue_t *, unsigned, prepare_flush_fn *);
-extern void blk_queue_issue_flush_fn(request_queue_t *, issue_flush_fn *);
extern int blk_do_ordered(request_queue_t *, struct request **);
extern unsigned blk_ordered_cur_seq(request_queue_t *);
extern unsigned blk_ordered_req_seq(struct request *);
diff --git a/include/scsi/scsi_driver.h b/include/scsi/scsi_driver.h
index 02e26c1..7017d3e 100644
--- a/include/scsi/scsi_driver.h
+++ b/include/scsi/scsi_driver.h
@@ -13,7 +13,6 @@ struct scsi_driver {

int (*init_command)(struct scsi_cmnd *);
void (*rescan)(struct device *);
- int (*issue_flush)(struct device *, sector_t *);
int (*prepare_flush)(struct request_queue *, struct request *);
};
#define to_scsi_driver(drv) \
diff --git a/include/scsi/sd.h b/include/scsi/sd.h
index 5261488..607a6a1 100644
--- a/include/scsi/sd.h
+++ b/include/scsi/sd.h
@@ -56,7 +56,6 @@ static int sd_suspend(struct device *dev, pm_message_t state);
static int sd_resume(struct device *dev);
static void sd_rescan(struct device *);
static int sd_init_command(struct scsi_cmnd *);
-static int sd_issue_flush(struct device *, sector_t *);
static void sd_prepare_flush(request_queue_t *, struct request *);
static void sd_read_capacity(struct scsi_disk *sdkp, unsigned char *buffer);
static void scsi_disk_release(struct class_device *cdev);
diff --git a/mm/bounce.c b/mm/bounce.c
index ad401fc..95d0127 100644
--- a/mm/bounce.c
+++ b/mm/bounce.c
@@ -280,6 +280,12 @@ void blk_queue_bounce(request_queue_t *q, struct bio **bio_orig)
mempool_t *pool;

/*
+ * Data-less bio, nothing to bounce
+ */
+ if (!bio_sectors(*bio_orig))
+ return;
+
+ /*
* for non-isa bounce case, just check if the bounce pfn is equal
* to or bigger than the highest pfn in the system -- in that case,
* don't waste time iterating over bio segments
--
Jens Axboe

-
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