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SubjectRe: missing madvise functionality
On Wed, 4 Apr 2007 06:09:18 -0700 William Lee Irwin III <wli@holomorphy.com> wrote:
>> Oh dear.

On Wed, Apr 04, 2007 at 11:51:05AM -0700, Andrew Morton wrote:
> what's all this about?

I rewrote Jakub's testcase and included it as a MIME attachment.
Current working version inline below. Also at

http://holomorphy.com/~wli/jakub.c

The basic idea was that I wanted a few more niceties, such as specifying
the number of iterations and other things of that nature on the cmdline.
I threw in a little code reorganization and error checking, too.


-- wli


#include <pthread.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/resource.h>

enum thread_return {
tr_success = 0,
tr_mmap_init = -1,
tr_mmap_free = -2,
tr_mprotect = -3,
tr_madvise = -4,
tr_unknown = -5,
tr_munmap = -6,
};
enum release_method {
release_by_mmap = 0,
release_by_madvise = 1,
release_by_max = 2,
};
struct thread_argument {
size_t page_size;
int iterations, pages_per_thread, nr_threads;
enum release_method method;
};
static enum thread_return mmap_release(void *p, size_t n)
{
void *q;
q = mmap(p, n, PROT_NONE, MAP_PRIVATE|MAP_ANONYMOUS|MAP_FIXED, -1, 0);
if (p != q) {
perror("thread_function: mmap release failed");
return tr_mmap_free;
}
if (mprotect(p, n, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE)) {
perror("thread_function: mprotect failed");
return tr_mprotect;
}
return tr_success;
}
static enum thread_return madvise_release(void *p, size_t n)
{
if (madvise(p, n, MADV_DONTNEED)) {
perror("thread_function: madvise failed");
return tr_madvise;
}
return tr_success;
}
static enum thread_return (*release_methods[])(void *, size_t) = {
mmap_release,
madvise_release,
};
static void *thread_function(void *__arg)
{
char *p;
int i;
struct thread_argument *arg = __arg;
size_t arena_size = arg->pages_per_thread * arg->page_size;
p = (char *)mmap(NULL, arena_size,
PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
MAP_PRIVATE | MAP_ANONYMOUS, -1, 0);
if (p == MAP_FAILED) {
perror("thread_function: arena allocation failed");
return (void *)tr_mmap_init;
}
for (i = 0; i < arg->iterations; i++) {
size_t s;
char *q, *r;
enum thread_return ret;
/* Pretend to use the buffer. */
r = p + arena_size;
for (q = p; q < r; q += arg->page_size)
*q = 1;
for (s = 0, q = p; q < r; q += arg->page_size)
s += *q;
if (arg->method >= release_by_max) {
perror("thread_function: "
"unknown freeing method specified");
return (void *)tr_unknown;
}
ret = (*release_methods[arg->method])(p, arena_size);
if (ret != tr_success)
return (void *)ret;
}
if (munmap(p, arena_size)) {
perror("thread_function: munmap() failed");
return (void *)tr_munmap;
}
return (void *)tr_success;
}
static int configure(struct thread_argument *arg, int argc, char *argv[])
{
char optstring[] = "t:m:i:p:";
int c, tmp, ret = 0;
long n;
n = sysconf(_SC_PAGE_SIZE);
if (n < 0) {
perror("configure: sysconf(_SC_PAGE_SIZE) failed");
ret = -1;
}
arg->nr_threads = 32,
arg->page_size = (size_t)n;
arg->method = release_by_mmap;
arg->iterations = 100000;
arg->pages_per_thread = 128;
while ((c = getopt(argc, argv, optstring)) != -1) {
switch (c) {
case 't':
if (sscanf(optarg, "%d", &tmp) == 1)
arg->nr_threads = tmp;
else {
perror("configure: non-numeric thread count");
ret = -1;
}
break;
case 'm':
if (!strcmp(optarg, "mmap"))
arg->method = release_by_mmap;
else if (!strcmp(optarg, "madvise"))
arg->method = release_by_madvise;
else {
perror("configure: unrecognised release method");
ret = -1;
}
break;
case 'i':
if (sscanf(optarg, "%d", &tmp) == 1)
arg->iterations = tmp;
else {
perror("configure: non-numeric iteration count");
ret = -1;
}
break;
case 'p':
if (sscanf(optarg, "%d", &tmp) == 1)
arg->pages_per_thread = tmp;
else {
perror("configure: non-numeric pages per thread count");
ret = -1;
}
break;
default:
perror("unrecognignized argument");
ret = -1;
}
}
if (arg->nr_threads <= 0) {
perror("configure: zero or negative thread count");
ret = -1;
}
if (arg->iterations < 0) {
perror("configure: negative iteration count");
ret = -1;
}
if (arg->pages_per_thread <= 0) {
perror("configure: zero or negative arena size");
ret = -1;
}
if (SIZE_MAX/arg->page_size < (size_t)arg->pages_per_thread) {
perror("configure: arena size overflow");
ret = -1;
}
return ret;
}
static unsigned long long timeval_to_usec(struct timeval *tv)
{
return 1000000*tv->tv_sec + tv->tv_usec;
}
static unsigned long long elapsed_usec(struct timeval *tv1, struct timeval *tv2)
{
return timeval_to_usec(tv2) - timeval_to_usec(tv1);
}
#define user_usec(ru) timeval_to_usec(&(ru)->ru_utime)
#define sys_usec(ru) timeval_to_usec(&(ru)->ru_stime)
#define user_sec(ru) ((user_usec(ru) % 60000000ULL)/1000000.0)
#define sys_sec(ru) ((sys_usec(ru) % 60000000ULL)/1000000.0)
#define elapsed_sec(tv1, tv2) \
((elapsed_usec(tv1, tv2) % 60000000ULL)/1000000.0)
#define user_min(ru) ((unsigned long)((user_usec(ru)/60000000ULL) % 60))
#define sys_min(ru) ((unsigned long)((sys_usec(ru)/60000000ULL) % 60))
#define elapsed_min(tv1, tv2) \
((unsigned long)((elapsed_usec(tv1, tv2)/60000000ULL) % 60))
#define user_hrs(ru) ((unsigned long)(user_usec(ru)/3600000000ULL))
#define sys_hrs(ru) ((unsigned long)(user_usec(ru)/3600000000ULL))
#define elapsed_hrs(tv1, tv2) \
((unsigned long)(elapsed_usec(tv1, tv2)/3600000000ULL))
int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
int i, ret = EXIT_SUCCESS;
struct thread_argument arg;
struct rusage ru;
struct timeval start, finish;
pthread_t *th;
if (gettimeofday(&start, NULL)) {
perror("main: initial gettimeofday failed");
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
if (configure(&arg, argc, argv))
return EXIT_FAILURE;
th = calloc(arg.nr_threads, sizeof(pthread_t));
if (!th) {
perror("main: calloc of thread array failed");
return EXIT_FAILURE;
}
for (i = 0; i < arg.nr_threads; i++) {
if (pthread_create(&th[i], NULL, thread_function, &arg)) {
perror("main: pthread_create failed");
break;
}
}
for (--i; i >= 0; --i) {
void *status;
if (pthread_join(th[i], &status)) {
perror("main: pthread_join failed");
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
} else if (status != (void *)tr_success)
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
}
free(th);
getrusage(RUSAGE_SELF, &ru);
if (gettimeofday(&finish, NULL)) {
perror("final gettimeofday failed");
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
}
if (printf("%lu:%.2lu:%05.2lf elapsed time\n"
"%lu:%.2lu:%05.2lf user time\n"
"%lu:%.2lu:%05.2lf system time\n"
"%ld major faults\n"
"%ld minor faults\n"
"%ld voluntary context switches\n"
"%ld involuntary context switches\n",
elapsed_hrs(&start, &finish),
elapsed_min(&start, &finish),
elapsed_sec(&start, &finish),
user_hrs(&ru), user_min(&ru), user_sec(&ru),
sys_hrs(&ru), sys_min(&ru), sys_sec(&ru),
ru.ru_majflt,
ru.ru_minflt,
ru.ru_nvcsw,
ru.ru_nivcsw) < 0)
ret = EXIT_FAILURE;
return ret;
}
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