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SubjectRe: [REPORT] cfs-v4 vs sd-0.44
On Saturday 21 April 2007, Willy Tarreau wrote:
>Hi Ingo, Hi Con,
>
>I promised to perform some tests on your code. I'm short in time right now,
>but I observed behaviours that should be commented on.
>
>1) machine : dual athlon 1533 MHz, 1G RAM, kernel 2.6.21-rc7 + either
> scheduler Test: ./ocbench -R 250000 -S 750000 -x 8 -y 8
> ocbench: http://linux.1wt.eu/sched/
>
>2) SD-0.44
>
> Feels good, but becomes jerky at moderately high loads. I've started
> 64 ocbench with a 250 ms busy loop and 750 ms sleep time. The system
> always responds correctly but under X, mouse jumps quite a bit and
> typing in xterm or even text console feels slightly jerky. The CPU is
> not completely used, and the load varies a lot (see below). However,
> the load is shared equally between all 64 ocbench, and they do not
> deviate even after 4000 iterations. X uses less than 1% CPU during
> those tests.
>
> Here's the vmstat output :
>
>willy@pcw:~$ vmstat 1
> procs memory swap io system
> cpu r b w swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs us
> sy id 0 0 0 0 919856 6648 57788 0 0 22 2 4 148
> 31 49 20 0 0 0 0 919856 6648 57788 0 0 0 0 2
> 285 32 50 19 28 0 0 0 919836 6648 57788 0 0 0 0
> 0 331 24 40 36 64 0 0 0 919836 6648 57788 0 0 0 0
> 1 618 23 40 37 65 0 0 0 919836 6648 57788 0 0 0
> 0 0 571 21 36 43 35 0 0 0 919836 6648 57788 0 0 0
> 0 3 382 32 50 18 2 0 0 0 919836 6648 57788 0 0
> 0 0 0 308 37 61 2 8 0 0 0 919836 6648 57788 0 0
> 0 0 1 533 36 65 0 32 0 0 0 919768 6648 57788 0
> 0 0 0 93 706 33 62 5 62 0 0 0 919712 6648 57788 0
> 0 0 0 65 617 32 54 13 63 0 0 0 919712 6648 57788
> 0 0 0 0 1 569 28 48 23 40 0 0 0 919712 6648
> 57788 0 0 0 0 0 427 26 50 24 4 0 0 0 919712
> 6648 57788 0 0 0 0 1 382 29 48 23 4 0 0 0 919712
> 6648 57788 0 0 0 0 0 383 34 65 0 14 0 0 0
> 919712 6648 57788 0 0 0 0 1 769 39 61 0 40 0 0
> 0 919712 6648 57788 0 0 0 0 0 384 37 52 11 54 0 0
> 0 919712 6648 57788 0 0 0 0 1 715 31 60 8 58 0
> 2 0 919712 6648 57788 0 0 0 0 1 611 34 65 0 41
> 0 0 0 919712 6648 57788 0 0 0 0 19 395 28 45 27
> 0 0 0 0 919712 6648 57788 0 0 0 0 31 421 23 32
> 45 0 0 0 0 919712 6648 57788 0 0 0 0 31 328 34
> 44 22 29 0 0 0 919712 6648 57788 0 0 0 0 34 369
> 32 43 25 65 0 0 0 919712 6648 57788 0 0 0 0 31
> 410 24 35 40 47 0 1 0 919712 6648 57788 0 0 0 0
> 42 538 25 39 35
>
>3) CFS-v4
>
> Feels even better, mouse movements are very smooth even under high load.
> I noticed that X gets reniced to -19 with this scheduler. I've not looked
> at the code yet but this looked suspicious to me. I've reniced it to 0 and
> it did not change any behaviour. Still very good. The 64 ocbench share
> equal CPU time and show exact same progress after 2000 iterations. The CPU
> load is more smoothly spread according to vmstat, and there's no idle (see
> below). BUT I now think it was wrong to let new processes start with no
> timeslice at all, because it can take tens of seconds to start a new
> process when only 64 ocbench are there. Simply starting "killall ocbench"
> takes about 10 seconds. On a smaller machine (VIA C3-533), it took me more
> than one minute to do "su -", even from console, so that's not X. BTW, X
> uses less than 1% CPU during those tests.
>
>willy@pcw:~$ vmstat 1
> procs memory swap io system
> cpu r b w swpd free buff cache si so bi bo in cs us
> sy id 12 0 2 0 922120 6532 57540 0 0 299 29 31 386
> 17 27 57 12 0 2 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0 1
> 776 37 63 0 14 0 2 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0
> 1 782 35 65 0 13 0 1 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0
> 0 782 38 62 0 14 0 1 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0
> 0 1 782 36 64 0 13 0 1 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0
> 0 2 785 38 62 0 13 0 1 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0
> 0 0 1 774 35 65 0 14 0 1 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0
> 0 0 0 784 36 64 0 13 0 1 0 922096 6532 57556 0
> 0 0 0 1 767 37 63 0 13 0 1 0 922096 6532 57556
> 0 0 0 0 1 785 41 59 0 14 0 1 0 922096 6532 57556
> 0 0 0 0 0 779 38 62 0 19 0 1 0 922096 6532
> 57556 0 0 0 0 1 816 38 62 0 22 0 1 0 922096
> 6532 57556 0 0 0 0 0 817 35 65 0 19 0 1 0
> 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0 1 817 39 61 0 21 0 1
> 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0 0 849 36 64 0 20 0 0
> 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0 1 793 36 64 0 21 0
> 0 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0 0 815 37 63 0 19
> 0 0 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0 1 824 35 65 0
> 21 0 0 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0 0 817 35 65
> 0 26 0 0 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0 1 824 38
> 62 0 26 0 0 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0 1 817
> 35 65 0 26 0 0 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0 0
> 811 37 63 0 26 0 0 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0
> 1 804 34 66 0 16 0 0 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0 0
> 39 850 35 65 0 18 0 0 0 922096 6532 57556 0 0 0
> 0 1 801 39 61 0
>
>
>4) first impressions
>
>I think that CFS is based on a more promising concept but is less mature
>and is dangerous right now with certain workloads. SD shows some strange
>behaviours like not using all CPU available and a little jerkyness, but is
>more robust and may be the less risky solution for a first step towards
>a better scheduler in mainline, but it may also probably be the last O(1)
>scheduler, which may be replaced sometime later when CFS (or any other one)
>shows at the same time the smoothness of CFS and the robustness of SD.
>
>I'm sorry not to spend more time on them right now, I hope that other people
>will do.
>
>Regards,
>Willy

More first impressions of sd-0.44 vs CFS-v4

CFS-v4 is quite smooth in terms of the users experience but after prolonged
observations approaching 24 hours, it appears to choke the cpu hog off a bit
even when the system has nothing else to do. My amanda runs went from 1 to
1.5 hours depending on how much time it took gzip to handle the amount of
data tar handed it, up to about 165m & change, or nearly 3 hours pretty
consistently over 5 runs.

sd-0.44 so far seems to be handling the same load (theres a backup running
right now) fairly well also, and possibly theres a bit more snap to the
system now. A switch to screen 1 from this screen 8, and the loading of that
screen image, which is the Cassini shot of saturn from the backside, the one
showing that teeny dot to the left of Saturn that is actually us, took 10
seconds with the stock 2.6.21-rc7, 3 seconds with the best of Ingo's patches,
and now with Con's latest, is 1 second flat. Another screen however is 4
seconds, so maybe that first scren had been looked at since I rebooted.
However, amanda is still getting estimates so gzip hasn't put a tiewrap
around the kernels neck just yet.

Some minutes later, gzip is smunching /usr/src, and the machine doesn't even
know its running as sd-0.44 isn't giving gzip more than 75% to gzip, and
probably averaging less than 50%. And it scared me a bit as it started out at
not over 5% for the first minute or so. Running in the 70's now according to
gkrellm, with an occasional blip to 95%. And the machine generally feels
good.

I had previously given CFS-v4 a 95 score but that was before I saw the general
slowdown, and I believe my first impression of this one is also a 95. This
on a scale of the best one of the earlier CFS patches being 100, and stock
2.6.21-rc7 gets a 0.0. This scheduler seems to be giving gzip ever more cpu
as time progresses, and the cpu is warming up quite nicely, from about 132F
idling to 149.9F now. And my keyboard is still alive and well.

Generally speaking, Con, I believe this one is also a keeper. And we'll see
how long a backup run takes.

--
Cheers, Gene
"There are four boxes to be used in defense of liberty:
soap, ballot, jury, and ammo. Please use in that order."
-Ed Howdershelt (Author)
All God's children are not beautiful. Most of God's children are, in fact,
barely presentable.
-- Fran Lebowitz, "Metropolitan Life"
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