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SubjectRe: [Announce] [patch] Modular Scheduler Core and Completely Fair Scheduler [CFS]
On Fri, Apr 13, 2007 at 10:21:00PM +0200, Ingo Molnar wrote:
> [announce] [patch] Modular Scheduler Core and Completely Fair Scheduler [CFS]
>
> i'm pleased to announce the first release of the "Modular Scheduler Core
> and Completely Fair Scheduler [CFS]" patchset:
>
> http://redhat.com/~mingo/cfs-scheduler/sched-modular+cfs.patch

Always good to see another contender ;)

>
> This project is a complete rewrite of the Linux task scheduler. My goal
> is to address various feature requests and to fix deficiencies in the
> vanilla scheduler that were suggested/found in the past few years, both
> for desktop scheduling and for server scheduling workloads.
>
> [ QuickStart: apply the patch to v2.6.21-rc6, recompile, reboot. The
> new scheduler will be active by default and all tasks will default
> to the new SCHED_FAIR interactive scheduling class. ]

I don't know why there is such noise about fairness right now... I
thought fairness was one of the fundamental properties of a good CPU
scheduler, and my scheduler definitely always aims for that above most
other things. Why not just keep SCHED_OTHER?


> Highlights are:
>
> - the introduction of Scheduling Classes: an extensible hierarchy of
> scheduler modules. These modules encapsulate scheduling policy
> details and are handled by the scheduler core without the core
> code assuming about them too much.

Don't really like this, but anyway...


> - sched_fair.c implements the 'CFS desktop scheduler': it is a
> replacement for the vanilla scheduler's SCHED_OTHER interactivity
> code.
>
> i'd like to give credit to Con Kolivas for the general approach here:
> he has proven via RSDL/SD that 'fair scheduling' is possible and that
> it results in better desktop scheduling. Kudos Con!

I guess the 2.4 and earlier scheduler kind of did that as well.


> The CFS patch uses a completely different approach and implementation
> from RSDL/SD. My goal was to make CFS's interactivity quality exceed
> that of RSDL/SD, which is a high standard to meet :-) Testing
> feedback is welcome to decide this one way or another. [ and, in any
> case, all of SD's logic could be added via a kernel/sched_sd.c module
> as well, if Con is interested in such an approach. ]

Comment about the code: shouldn't you be requeueing the task in the rbtree
wherever you change wait_runtime? eg. task_new_fair? (I've only had a quick
look so far).


> CFS's design is quite radical: it does not use runqueues, it uses a
> time-ordered rbtree to build a 'timeline' of future task execution,
> and thus has no 'array switch' artifacts (by which both the vanilla
> scheduler and RSDL/SD are affected).
>
> CFS uses nanosecond granularity accounting and does not rely on any
> jiffies or other HZ detail. Thus the CFS scheduler has no notion of
> 'timeslices' and has no heuristics whatsoever.

Well, I guess there is still some mechanism to decide which process is most
eligible to run? ;) Considering that question has no "right" answer for
SCHED_OTHER scheduling, I guess you could say it has heuristics. But granted
they are obviously fairly elegant in contrast to the O(1) scheduler ;)


> There is only one
> central tunable:
>
> /proc/sys/kernel/sched_granularity_ns

Suppose you have 2 CPU hogs running, is sched_granularity_ns the
frequency at which they will context switch?


> ( another rdetail: due to nanosec accounting and timeline sorting,
> sched_yield() support is very simple under CFS, and in fact under
> CFS sched_yield() behaves much better than under any other
> scheduler i have tested so far. )

What is better behaviour for sched_yield?

Thanks,
Nick
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