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SubjectRe: sched_yield proposals/rationale
On Thu, Apr 12, 2007 at 09:05:25AM -0400, Buytaert_Steven@emc.com wrote:
> > -----Original Message-----
> > From: Andi Kleen
> > [ ... about use of sched_yield ...]
> > On the other hand when they fix their code to not rely on sched_yield
> > but use [...]
>
> Agreed, but $ find . -name "*.[ch]" | xargs grep -E "yield[ ]*\(" | wc over
> the 2.6.16 kernel yields 105 hits, note including comments... An interesting spot is e.g. fs/buffer.c free_more_memory()

A lot of those are probably broken in some way agreed.

> >
> > > 2) When a task is eventually put in the expired list in sched_yield,
> > > give it back the full time slices round (as done in scheduler_tick), not > > with the remaining slices as is done now?
> >
> > That would likely be unfair and exploitable.
>
> I don't understand; how more unfair would it be than passing via scheduler_tick? Grabbing a resource with a single time slice left would be more unfair towards other tasks IMHO when you get moved to the expired list with the resource in still in your possession.

With a particular sleep pattern it could get more CPU time.

> > > 3) Put the task in the expired list at a random position, not at the end
> > > is done now?
> >
> > Sounds like an interesting approach, but to do it in O(1) you would
> > need a new data structure with possibly much larger constant overhead.
>
> Agreed, but not dramatic. Suppose you need to insert at position X, you would do, on the linked list after proper setup:
>
> while (X--) { prev = current; current = current->next }
>
> You could have a small duffs device to reduce the X-- checking overhead.

You would need to rename the scheduler to "sometimes O(1)" first @)

Besides - but I guess you're aware of it - any randomized algorithms tend
to drive benchmarkers and performance analysts crazy because their performance
cannot be repeated. So it's usually better to avoid them unless there is
really no alternative.

-Andi
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