lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2007]   [Mar]   [6]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
Subjectcube root benchmark code
Here is a better version of the benchmark code.
It has the original code used in 2.4 version of Cubic for comparison

-----------------------------------------------------------
/* Test and measure perf of cube root algorithms. */
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#ifdef __x86_64

#define rdtscll(val) do { \
unsigned int __a,__d; \
asm volatile("rdtsc" : "=a" (__a), "=d" (__d)); \
(val) = ((unsigned long)__a) | (((unsigned long)__d)<<32); \
} while(0)
# define do_div(n,base) ({ \
uint32_t __base = (base); \
uint32_t __rem; \
__rem = ((uint64_t)(n)) % __base; \
(n) = ((uint64_t)(n)) / __base; \
__rem; \
})

/**
* __ffs - find first bit in word.
* @word: The word to search
*
* Undefined if no bit exists, so code should check against 0 first.
*/
static __inline__ unsigned long __ffs(unsigned long word)
{
__asm__("bsfq %1,%0"
:"=r" (word)
:"rm" (word));
return word;
}
/*
* __fls: find last bit set.
* @word: The word to search
*
* Undefined if no zero exists, so code should check against ~0UL first.
*/
static inline unsigned long __fls(unsigned long word)
{
__asm__("bsrq %1,%0"
:"=r" (word)
:"rm" (word));
return word;
}
/**
* ffs - find first bit set
* @x: the word to search
*
* This is defined the same way as
* the libc and compiler builtin ffs routines, therefore
* differs in spirit from the above ffz (man ffs).
*/
static __inline__ int ffs(int x)
{
int r;
__asm__("bsfl %1,%0\n\t"
"cmovzl %2,%0"
: "=r" (r) : "rm" (x), "r" (-1));
return r+1;
}
/**
* fls - find last bit set
* @x: the word to search
*
* This is defined the same way as ffs.
*/
static inline int fls(int x)
{
int r;
__asm__("bsrl %1,%0\n\t"
"cmovzl %2,%0"
: "=&r" (r) : "rm" (x), "rm" (-1));
return r+1;
}
/**
* fls64 - find last bit set in 64 bit word
* @x: the word to search
*
* This is defined the same way as fls.
*/
static inline int fls64(uint64_t x)
{
if (x == 0)
return 0;
return __fls(x) + 1;
}
static inline uint64_t div64_64(uint64_t dividend, uint64_t divisor)
{
return dividend / divisor;
}
#elif __i386

#define rdtscll(val) \
__asm__ __volatile__("rdtsc" : "=A" (val))

/**
* ffs - find first bit set
* @x: the word to search
*
* This is defined the same way as
* the libc and compiler builtin ffs routines, therefore
* differs in spirit from the above ffz() (man ffs).
*/
static inline int ffs(int x)
{
int r;
__asm__("bsfl %1,%0\n\t"
"jnz 1f\n\t"
"movl $-1,%0\n"
"1:" : "=r" (r) : "rm" (x));
return r+1;
}
/**
* fls - find last bit set
* @x: the word to search
*
* This is defined the same way as ffs().
*/
static inline int fls(int x)
{
int r;
__asm__("bsrl %1,%0\n\t"
"jnz 1f\n\t"
"movl $-1,%0\n"
"1:" : "=r" (r) : "rm" (x));
return r+1;
}
static inline int fls64(uint64_t x)
{
uint32_t h = x >> 32;
if (h)
return fls(h) + 32;
return fls(x);
}

#define do_div(n,base) ({ \
unsigned long __upper, __low, __high, __mod, __base; \
__base = (base); \
asm("":"=a" (__low), "=d" (__high):"A" (n)); \
__upper = __high; \
if (__high) { \
__upper = __high % (__base); \
__high = __high / (__base); \
} \
asm("divl %2":"=a" (__low), "=d" (__mod):"rm" (__base), "0" (__low), "1" (__upper)); \
asm("":"=A" (n):"a" (__low),"d" (__high)); \
__mod; \
})

/* 64bit divisor, dividend and result. dynamic precision */
static uint64_t div64_64(uint64_t dividend, uint64_t divisor)
{
uint32_t d = divisor;
if (divisor > 0xffffffffULL) {
unsigned int shift = fls(divisor >> 32);
d = divisor >> shift;
dividend >>= shift;
}
/* avoid 64 bit division if possible */
if (dividend >> 32)
do_div(dividend, d);
else
dividend = (uint32_t) dividend / d;
return dividend;
}
#endif
/* Andi Kleen's version */
uint32_t acbrt(uint64_t x)
{
uint32_t y = 0;
int s;
for (s = 63; s >= 0; s -= 3) {
uint64_t b, bs;
y = 2 * y;
b = 3 * y * (y+1) + 1;
bs = b << s;
if (x >= bs && (b == (bs>>s))) { /* avoid overflow */
x -= bs;
y++;
}
}
return y;
}
/* My version of hacker's delight */
uint32_t hcbrt(uint64_t x)
{
int s = 60;
uint32_t y = 0;
do {
uint64_t b;
y = 2*y;
b = (uint64_t)(3*y*(y + 1) + 1) << s;
s = s - 3;
if (x >= b) {
x = x - b;
y = y + 1;
}
} while(s >= 0);
return y;
}
/* calculate the cubic root of x using Newton-Raphson */
static uint32_t ocubic(uint64_t a)
{
uint32_t x, x1;
/* Initial estimate is based on:
* cbrt(x) = exp(log(x) / 3)
*/
x = 1u << (fls64(a)/3);
/*
* Iteration based on:
* 2
* x = ( 2 * x + a / x ) / 3
* k+1 k k
*/
do {
x1 = x;
x = (2 * x + div64_64(a, (uint64_t)x * x)) / 3;
} while (abs(x1 - x) > 1);
return x;
}
/* calculate the cubic root of x using Newton-Raphson */
static uint32_t ncubic(uint64_t a)
{
uint64_t x;
/* Initial estimate is based on:
* cbrt(x) = exp(log(x) / 3)
*/
x = 1u << (fls64(a)/3);
/* Converges in 3 iterations to > 32 bits */
x = (2 * x + div64_64(a, x*x)) / 3;
x = (2 * x + div64_64(a, x*x)) / 3;
x = (2 * x + div64_64(a, x*x)) / 3;
return x;
}
/* 65536 times the cubic root of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7*/
static uint64_t bictcp_table[8] = {0, 65536, 82570, 94519, 104030, 112063, 119087, 125367};
/* calculate the cubic root of x
the basic idea is that x can be expressed as i*8^j
so cubic_root(x) = cubic_root(i)*2^j
in the following code, x is i, and y is 2^j
because of integer calculation, there are errors in calculation
so finally use binary search to find out the exact solution*/
static uint32_t bictcp(uint64_t x)
{
uint64_t y, app, target, start, end, mid, start_diff, end_diff;
if (x == 0)
return 0;
target = x;

/*first estimate lower and upper bound*/
y = 1;
while (x >= 8){
x = (x >> 3);
y = (y << 1);
}
start = (y*bictcp_table[x])>>16;
if (x==7)
end = (y<<1);
else
end = (y*bictcp_table[x+1]+65535)>>16;
/*binary search for more accurate one*/
while (start < end-1) {
mid = (start+end) >> 1;
app = mid*mid*mid;
if (app < target)
start = mid;
else if (app > target)
end = mid;
else
return mid;
}
/*find the most accurate one from start and end*/
app = start*start*start;
if (app < target)
start_diff = target - app;
else
start_diff = app - target;
app = end*end*end;
if (app < target)
end_diff = target - app;
else
end_diff = app - target;
return (start_diff < end_diff) ? start : end;
}

#define NCASES 1000
static uint64_t cases[NCASES];
static double results[NCASES];

static double ticks_per_usec;
static unsigned long long start, end;

static void dotest(const char *name, uint32_t (*func)(uint64_t))
{
int i;
unsigned long long t, mx = 0, sum = 0, sum_sq = 0;
double mean, std, err = 0;
for (i = 0; i < NCASES; i++) {
uint64_t x = cases[i];
uint32_t v;
rdtscll(start);
v = (*func)(x);
rdtscll(end);

t = end - start;
if (t > mx) mx = t;
sum += t; sum_sq += t*t;
err += fabs(((double) v - results[i]) / results[i]);
}
mean = (double) sum / ticks_per_usec / NCASES ;
std = sqrtl( (double) sum_sq / ticks_per_usec / NCASES - mean * mean);

printf("%-10s %8llu %8.2f %8.2f %8.2f %.03f%%\n", name,
(unsigned long long) sum / NCASES, mean, std,
(double) mx / ticks_per_usec, err * 100./ NCASES);
}

int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
uint64_t x;
int i;
printf("Calibrating\n");
rdtscll(start);
sleep(2);
rdtscll(end);
ticks_per_usec = (double) (end - start) / 2000000.;
for (i = 0; i < 63; i++)
cases[i] = 1ull << i;
x = ~0;
while (x != 0) {
cases[i++] = x;
x >>= 1;
}
x = ~0;
while (x != 0) {
cases[i++] = x;
x <<= 1;
}
while (i < NCASES)
cases[i++] = (uint64_t) random() * (uint64_t) random();
for (i = 0; i < NCASES; i++)
results[i] = cbrt((double)cases[i]);

printf("Function clocks mean(us) max(us) std(us) Avg error\n");

#define DOTEST(x) dotest(#x, x)
DOTEST(bictcp);
DOTEST(ocubic);
DOTEST(ncubic);
DOTEST(acbrt);
DOTEST(hcbrt);
return 0;
}
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2007-03-07 00:07    [from the cache]
©2003-2014 Jasper Spaans. hosted at Digital Ocean