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SubjectRe: dirty balancing deadlock
> > How about this?
> >
> > Solves the FUSE deadlock, but not the throttle_vm_writeout() one.
> > I'll try to tackle that one as well.
> >
> > If the per-bdi dirty counter goes below 16, balance_dirty_pages()
> > returns.
> >
> > Does the constant need to tunable? If it's too large, then the global
> > threshold is more easily exceeded. If it's too small, then in a tight
> > situation progress will be slower.
> Ok, what is supposed to happen here is that filesystems are supposed to
> be throttled from making more dirty pages when the system is over the
> threshold. Even if filesystem A doesn't have much to contribute, and
> filesystem B is the cause of 99% of the dirty pages, the goal of the
> threshold is to prevent more dirty data from happening, and filesystem A
> should block.

Which is the cause of the current deadlock. But if we allow
filesystem A to go into the red just a little, the deadlock is
avoided, because it can continue to make progress with cleaning the
dirtyness produced by B.

The maximum that filesystems can go over the limit will be

(16 + epsilon) * number-of-queues

This is usually insignificant compared to the limit itself (~2000
pages on a machine with 32MB)

However with thousands of fuse mounts this may become a problem, as
each filesystem gets a separate queue. In theory, just 2 pages are
enough to always make progress, but current dirty balancing can't
enforce this, as the ratelimit is at least 8 pages.

So there may have to be some more strict page accounting within fuse
itself, but that doesn't change the overall concept I think.

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