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Subject[PATCH 09/27] x86 single_step: TIF_FORCED_TF
Date

This changes the single-step support to use a new thread_info flag
TIF_FORCED_TF instead of the PT_DTRACE flag in task_struct.ptrace.
This keeps arch implementation uses out of this non-arch field.

This changes the ptrace access to eflags to mask TF and maintain
the TIF_FORCED_TF flag directly if userland sets TF, instead of
relying on ptrace_signal_deliver. The 64-bit and 32-bit kernels
are harmonized on this same behavior. The ptrace_signal_deliver
approach works now, but this change makes the low-level register
access code reliable when called from different contexts than a
ptrace stop, which will be possible in the future.

The 64-bit do_debug exception handler is also changed not to clear TF
from user-mode registers. This matches the 32-bit kernel's behavior.

Signed-off-by: Roland McGrath <roland@redhat.com>
---
arch/x86/ia32/ptrace32.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++--
arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c | 3 ---
arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c | 5 -----
arch/x86/kernel/ptrace_32.c | 17 +++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/ptrace_64.c | 20 ++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/signal_32.c | 12 +++++-------
arch/x86/kernel/signal_64.c | 14 +++++---------
arch/x86/kernel/step.c | 9 +++------
arch/x86/kernel/traps_64.c | 23 +++++------------------
include/asm-x86/signal.h | 11 ++---------
include/asm-x86/thread_info_32.h | 2 ++
include/asm-x86/thread_info_64.h | 3 ++-
12 files changed, 79 insertions(+), 60 deletions(-)
diff --git a/arch/x86/ia32/ptrace32.c b/arch/x86/ia32/ptrace32.c
index 4a233ad..a9a5cd4 100644
--- a/arch/x86/ia32/ptrace32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/ia32/ptrace32.c
@@ -82,6 +82,15 @@ static int putreg32(struct task_struct *child, unsigned regno, u32 val)
case offsetof(struct user32, regs.eflags): {
__u64 *flags = &stack[offsetof(struct pt_regs, eflags)/8];
val &= FLAG_MASK;
+ /*
+ * If the user value contains TF, mark that
+ * it was not "us" (the debugger) that set it.
+ * If not, make sure it stays set if we had.
+ */
+ if (val & X86_EFLAGS_TF)
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_FORCED_TF);
+ else if (test_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_FORCED_TF))
+ val |= X86_EFLAGS_TF;
*flags = val | (*flags & ~FLAG_MASK);
break;
}
@@ -168,9 +177,17 @@ static int getreg32(struct task_struct *child, unsigned regno, u32 *val)
R32(eax, rax);
R32(orig_eax, orig_rax);
R32(eip, rip);
- R32(eflags, eflags);
R32(esp, rsp);

+ case offsetof(struct user32, regs.eflags):
+ /*
+ * If the debugger set TF, hide it from the readout.
+ */
+ *val = stack[offsetof(struct pt_regs, eflags)/8];
+ if (test_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_FORCED_TF))
+ *val &= ~X86_EFLAGS_TF;
+ break;
+
case offsetof(struct user32, u_debugreg[0]):
*val = child->thread.debugreg0;
break;
@@ -401,4 +418,3 @@ asmlinkage long sys32_ptrace(long request, u32 pid, u32 addr, u32 data)
put_task_struct(child);
return ret;
}
-
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
index ebbbfc5..f59544e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process_32.c
@@ -796,9 +796,6 @@ asmlinkage int sys_execve(struct pt_regs regs)
(char __user * __user *) regs.edx,
&regs);
if (error == 0) {
- task_lock(current);
- current->ptrace &= ~PT_DTRACE;
- task_unlock(current);
/* Make sure we don't return using sysenter.. */
set_thread_flag(TIF_IRET);
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
index 3fdbf78..586f88e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/process_64.c
@@ -698,11 +698,6 @@ long sys_execve(char __user *name, char __user * __user *argv,
if (IS_ERR(filename))
return error;
error = do_execve(filename, argv, envp, &regs);
- if (error == 0) {
- task_lock(current);
- current->ptrace &= ~PT_DTRACE;
- task_unlock(current);
- }
putname(filename);
return error;
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace_32.c
index e599db5..a493017 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace_32.c
@@ -104,6 +104,15 @@ static int putreg(struct task_struct *child,
break;
case EFL:
value &= FLAG_MASK;
+ /*
+ * If the user value contains TF, mark that
+ * it was not "us" (the debugger) that set it.
+ * If not, make sure it stays set if we had.
+ */
+ if (value & X86_EFLAGS_TF)
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_FORCED_TF);
+ else if (test_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_FORCED_TF))
+ value |= X86_EFLAGS_TF;
value |= get_stack_long(child, EFL_OFFSET) & ~FLAG_MASK;
break;
}
@@ -119,6 +128,14 @@ static unsigned long getreg(struct task_struct *child,
unsigned long retval = ~0UL;

switch (regno >> 2) {
+ case EFL:
+ /*
+ * If the debugger set TF, hide it from the readout.
+ */
+ retval = get_stack_long(child, EFL_OFFSET);
+ if (test_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_FORCED_TF))
+ retval &= ~X86_EFLAGS_TF;
+ break;
case GS:
retval = child->thread.gs;
break;
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace_64.c
index 52479b1..d8453da 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/ptrace_64.c
@@ -143,6 +143,15 @@ static int putreg(struct task_struct *child,
return 0;
case offsetof(struct user_regs_struct, eflags):
value &= FLAG_MASK;
+ /*
+ * If the user value contains TF, mark that
+ * it was not "us" (the debugger) that set it.
+ * If not, make sure it stays set if we had.
+ */
+ if (value & X86_EFLAGS_TF)
+ clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_FORCED_TF);
+ else if (test_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_FORCED_TF))
+ value |= X86_EFLAGS_TF;
tmp = get_stack_long(child, EFL_OFFSET);
tmp &= ~FLAG_MASK;
value |= tmp;
@@ -189,6 +198,17 @@ static unsigned long getreg(struct task_struct *child, unsigned long regno)
if (child->thread.gsindex != GS_TLS_SEL)
return 0;
return get_desc_base(&child->thread.tls_array[GS_TLS]);
+ case offsetof(struct user_regs_struct, eflags):
+ /*
+ * If the debugger set TF, hide it from the readout.
+ */
+ regno = regno - sizeof(struct pt_regs);
+ val = get_stack_long(child, regno);
+ if (test_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_IA32))
+ val &= 0xffffffff;
+ if (test_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_FORCED_TF))
+ val &= ~X86_EFLAGS_TF;
+ return val;
default:
regno = regno - sizeof(struct pt_regs);
val = get_stack_long(child, regno);
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/signal_32.c b/arch/x86/kernel/signal_32.c
index 9bdd830..d58d455 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/signal_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/signal_32.c
@@ -537,14 +537,12 @@ handle_signal(unsigned long sig, siginfo_t *info, struct k_sigaction *ka,
}

/*
- * If TF is set due to a debugger (PT_DTRACE), clear the TF flag so
- * that register information in the sigcontext is correct.
+ * If TF is set due to a debugger (TIF_FORCED_TF), clear the TF
+ * flag so that register information in the sigcontext is correct.
*/
- if (unlikely(regs->eflags & TF_MASK)
- && likely(current->ptrace & PT_DTRACE)) {
- current->ptrace &= ~PT_DTRACE;
- regs->eflags &= ~TF_MASK;
- }
+ if (unlikely(regs->eflags & X86_EFLAGS_TF) &&
+ likely(test_and_clear_thread_flag(TIF_FORCED_TF)))
+ regs->eflags &= ~X86_EFLAGS_TF;

/* Set up the stack frame */
if (ka->sa.sa_flags & SA_SIGINFO)
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/signal_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/signal_64.c
index ab086b0..d96a8c2 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/signal_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/signal_64.c
@@ -349,16 +349,12 @@ handle_signal(unsigned long sig, siginfo_t *info, struct k_sigaction *ka,
}

/*
- * If TF is set due to a debugger (PT_DTRACE), clear the TF
- * flag so that register information in the sigcontext is
- * correct.
+ * If TF is set due to a debugger (TIF_FORCED_TF), clear the TF
+ * flag so that register information in the sigcontext is correct.
*/
- if (unlikely(regs->eflags & TF_MASK)) {
- if (likely(current->ptrace & PT_DTRACE)) {
- current->ptrace &= ~PT_DTRACE;
- regs->eflags &= ~TF_MASK;
- }
- }
+ if (unlikely(regs->eflags & X86_EFLAGS_TF) &&
+ likely(test_and_clear_thread_flag(TIF_FORCED_TF)))
+ regs->eflags &= ~X86_EFLAGS_TF;

#ifdef CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION
if (test_thread_flag(TIF_IA32)) {
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/step.c b/arch/x86/kernel/step.c
index 6732272..243bff6 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/step.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/step.c
@@ -135,7 +135,7 @@ void user_enable_single_step(struct task_struct *child)
if (is_setting_trap_flag(child, regs))
return;

- child->ptrace |= PT_DTRACE;
+ set_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_FORCED_TF);
}

void user_disable_single_step(struct task_struct *child)
@@ -144,9 +144,6 @@ void user_disable_single_step(struct task_struct *child)
clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SINGLESTEP);

/* But touch TF only if it was set by us.. */
- if (child->ptrace & PT_DTRACE) {
- struct pt_regs *regs = task_pt_regs(child);
- regs->eflags &= ~X86_EFLAGS_TF;
- child->ptrace &= ~PT_DTRACE;
- }
+ if (test_and_clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_FORCED_TF))
+ task_pt_regs(child)->eflags &= ~X86_EFLAGS_TF;
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/traps_64.c b/arch/x86/kernel/traps_64.c
index 4a6bd49..daf35a8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/traps_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/traps_64.c
@@ -863,27 +863,14 @@ asmlinkage void __kprobes do_debug(struct pt_regs * regs,

tsk->thread.debugreg6 = condition;

- /* Mask out spurious TF errors due to lazy TF clearing */
+
+ /*
+ * Single-stepping through TF: make sure we ignore any events in
+ * kernel space (but re-enable TF when returning to user mode).
+ */
if (condition & DR_STEP) {
- /*
- * The TF error should be masked out only if the current
- * process is not traced and if the TRAP flag has been set
- * previously by a tracing process (condition detected by
- * the PT_DTRACE flag); remember that the i386 TRAP flag
- * can be modified by the process itself in user mode,
- * allowing programs to debug themselves without the ptrace()
- * interface.
- */
if (!user_mode(regs))
goto clear_TF_reenable;
- /*
- * Was the TF flag set by a debugger? If so, clear it now,
- * so that register information is correct.
- */
- if (tsk->ptrace & PT_DTRACE) {
- regs->eflags &= ~TF_MASK;
- tsk->ptrace &= ~PT_DTRACE;
- }
}

/* Ok, finally something we can handle */
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/signal.h b/include/asm-x86/signal.h
index 987a422..aee7eca 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/signal.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/signal.h
@@ -245,21 +245,14 @@ static __inline__ int sigfindinword(unsigned long word)

struct pt_regs;

-#define ptrace_signal_deliver(regs, cookie) \
- do { \
- if (current->ptrace & PT_DTRACE) { \
- current->ptrace &= ~PT_DTRACE; \
- (regs)->eflags &= ~TF_MASK; \
- } \
- } while (0)
-
#else /* __i386__ */

#undef __HAVE_ARCH_SIG_BITOPS

+#endif /* !__i386__ */
+
#define ptrace_signal_deliver(regs, cookie) do { } while (0)

-#endif /* !__i386__ */
#endif /* __KERNEL__ */
#endif /* __ASSEMBLY__ */

diff --git a/include/asm-x86/thread_info_32.h b/include/asm-x86/thread_info_32.h
index 22a8cbc..8a6483f 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/thread_info_32.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/thread_info_32.h
@@ -137,6 +137,7 @@ static inline struct thread_info *current_thread_info(void)
#define TIF_IO_BITMAP 18 /* uses I/O bitmap */
#define TIF_FREEZE 19 /* is freezing for suspend */
#define TIF_NOTSC 20 /* TSC is not accessible in userland */
+#define TIF_FORCED_TF 21 /* true if TF in eflags artificially */

#define _TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE (1<<TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE)
#define _TIF_SIGPENDING (1<<TIF_SIGPENDING)
@@ -151,6 +152,7 @@ static inline struct thread_info *current_thread_info(void)
#define _TIF_IO_BITMAP (1<<TIF_IO_BITMAP)
#define _TIF_FREEZE (1<<TIF_FREEZE)
#define _TIF_NOTSC (1<<TIF_NOTSC)
+#define _TIF_FORCED_TF (1<<TIF_FORCED_TF)

/* work to do on interrupt/exception return */
#define _TIF_WORK_MASK \
diff --git a/include/asm-x86/thread_info_64.h b/include/asm-x86/thread_info_64.h
index beae2bf..0ebcac4 100644
--- a/include/asm-x86/thread_info_64.h
+++ b/include/asm-x86/thread_info_64.h
@@ -115,7 +115,7 @@ static inline struct thread_info *stack_thread_info(void)
#define TIF_SECCOMP 8 /* secure computing */
#define TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK 9 /* restore signal mask in do_signal */
#define TIF_MCE_NOTIFY 10 /* notify userspace of an MCE */
-/* 16 free */
+#define TIF_FORCED_TF 16 /* true if TF in eflags artificially */
#define TIF_IA32 17 /* 32bit process */
#define TIF_FORK 18 /* ret_from_fork */
#define TIF_ABI_PENDING 19
@@ -133,6 +133,7 @@ static inline struct thread_info *stack_thread_info(void)
#define _TIF_SECCOMP (1<<TIF_SECCOMP)
#define _TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK (1<<TIF_RESTORE_SIGMASK)
#define _TIF_MCE_NOTIFY (1<<TIF_MCE_NOTIFY)
+#define _TIF_FORCED_TF (1<<TIF_FORCED_TF)
#define _TIF_IA32 (1<<TIF_IA32)
#define _TIF_FORK (1<<TIF_FORK)
#define _TIF_ABI_PENDING (1<<TIF_ABI_PENDING)
-
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