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SubjectUSB: FIx locks and urb->status in adutux
Two main issues fixed here are:
- An improper use of in-struct lock to protect an open count
- Use of urb status for -EINPROGRESS

Also, along the way:
- Change usb_unlink_urb to usb_kill_urb. Apparently there's no need
to use usb_unlink_urb whatsoever in this driver, and the old use of
usb_kill_urb was outright racy (it unlinked and immediately freed).
- Fix indentation in adu_write. Looks like it was damaged by a script.

Signed-off-by: Pete Zaitcev <zaitcev@redhat.com>

---
If someone with a real device tested this, it would be great. Please
make sure to pull the plug while application is opening/closing.

A critical review is welcome too.

Vitaliy, this is the static lock example, which I promised on Friday.

diff --git a/drivers/usb/misc/adutux.c b/drivers/usb/misc/adutux.c
index c567aa7..a8afb66 100644
--- a/drivers/usb/misc/adutux.c
+++ b/drivers/usb/misc/adutux.c
@@ -79,12 +79,22 @@ MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, device_table);

#define COMMAND_TIMEOUT (2*HZ) /* 60 second timeout for a command */

+/*
+ * The locking scheme is a vanilla 3-lock:
+ * adu_device.buflock: A spinlock, covers what IRQs touch.
+ * adutux_mutex: A Static lock to cover open_count. It would also cover
+ * any globals, but we don't have them in 2.6.
+ * adu_device.mtx: A mutex to hold across sleepers like copy_from_user.
+ * It covers all of adu_device, except the open_count
+ * and what .buflock covers.
+ */
+
/* Structure to hold all of our device specific stuff */
struct adu_device {
- struct mutex mtx; /* locks this structure */
+ struct mutex mtx;
struct usb_device* udev; /* save off the usb device pointer */
struct usb_interface* interface;
- unsigned char minor; /* the starting minor number for this device */
+ unsigned int minor; /* the starting minor number for this device */
char serial_number[8];

int open_count; /* number of times this port has been opened */
@@ -107,8 +117,11 @@ struct adu_device {
char* interrupt_out_buffer;
struct usb_endpoint_descriptor* interrupt_out_endpoint;
struct urb* interrupt_out_urb;
+ int out_urb_finished;
};

+static DEFINE_MUTEX(adutux_mutex);
+
static struct usb_driver adu_driver;

static void adu_debug_data(int level, const char *function, int size,
@@ -132,29 +145,36 @@ static void adu_debug_data(int level, const char *function, int size,
*/
static void adu_abort_transfers(struct adu_device *dev)
{
+ unsigned long flags;
+
dbg(2," %s : enter", __FUNCTION__);

- if (dev == NULL) {
- dbg(1," %s : dev is null", __FUNCTION__);
- goto exit;
- }
+ mutex_lock(&dev->mtx);

if (dev->udev == NULL) {
dbg(1," %s : udev is null", __FUNCTION__);
goto exit;
}

- dbg(2," %s : udev state %d", __FUNCTION__, dev->udev->state);
- if (dev->udev->state == USB_STATE_NOTATTACHED) {
- dbg(1," %s : udev is not attached", __FUNCTION__);
- goto exit;
- }
-
/* shutdown transfer */
- usb_unlink_urb(dev->interrupt_in_urb);
- usb_unlink_urb(dev->interrupt_out_urb);
+
+ /* XXX Anchor these instead */
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->buflock, flags);
+ if (!dev->read_urb_finished) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);
+ usb_kill_urb(dev->interrupt_in_urb);
+ } else
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);
+
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->buflock, flags);
+ if (!dev->out_urb_finished) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);
+ usb_kill_urb(dev->interrupt_out_urb);
+ } else
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);

exit:
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->mtx);
dbg(2," %s : leave", __FUNCTION__);
}

@@ -162,8 +182,6 @@ static void adu_delete(struct adu_device *dev)
{
dbg(2, "%s enter", __FUNCTION__);

- adu_abort_transfers(dev);
-
/* free data structures */
usb_free_urb(dev->interrupt_in_urb);
usb_free_urb(dev->interrupt_out_urb);
@@ -239,7 +257,10 @@ static void adu_interrupt_out_callback(struct urb *urb)
goto exit;
}

+ spin_lock(&dev->buflock);
+ dev->out_urb_finished = 1;
wake_up_interruptible(&dev->write_wait);
+ spin_unlock(&dev->buflock);
exit:

adu_debug_data(5, __FUNCTION__, urb->actual_length,
@@ -272,13 +293,11 @@ static int adu_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
goto exit_no_device;
}

- /* lock this device */
- if ((retval = mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mtx))) {
+ if ((retval = mutex_lock_interruptible(&adutux_mutex))) {
dbg(2, "%s : mutex lock failed", __FUNCTION__);
goto exit_no_device;
}

- /* increment our usage count for the device */
++dev->open_count;
dbg(2,"%s : open count %d", __FUNCTION__, dev->open_count);

@@ -297,13 +316,14 @@ static int adu_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
le16_to_cpu(dev->interrupt_in_endpoint->wMaxPacketSize),
adu_interrupt_in_callback, dev,
dev->interrupt_in_endpoint->bInterval);
- /* dev->interrupt_in_urb->transfer_flags |= URB_ASYNC_UNLINK; */
dev->read_urb_finished = 0;
retval = usb_submit_urb(dev->interrupt_in_urb, GFP_KERNEL);
- if (retval)
+ if (retval) {
+ dev->read_urb_finished = 1;
--dev->open_count;
+ }
}
- mutex_unlock(&dev->mtx);
+ mutex_unlock(&adutux_mutex);

exit_no_device:
dbg(2,"%s : leave, return value %d ", __FUNCTION__, retval);
@@ -311,10 +331,8 @@ exit_no_device:
return retval;
}

-static int adu_release_internal(struct adu_device *dev)
+static void adu_release_internal(struct adu_device *dev)
{
- int retval = 0;
-
dbg(2," %s : enter", __FUNCTION__);

/* decrement our usage count for the device */
@@ -326,12 +344,11 @@ static int adu_release_internal(struct adu_device *dev)
}

dbg(2," %s : leave", __FUNCTION__);
- return retval;
}

static int adu_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
- struct adu_device *dev = NULL;
+ struct adu_device *dev;
int retval = 0;

dbg(2," %s : enter", __FUNCTION__);
@@ -343,15 +360,13 @@ static int adu_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
}

dev = file->private_data;
-
if (dev == NULL) {
dbg(1," %s : object is NULL", __FUNCTION__);
retval = -ENODEV;
goto exit;
}

- /* lock our device */
- mutex_lock(&dev->mtx); /* not interruptible */
+ mutex_lock(&adutux_mutex); /* not interruptible */

if (dev->open_count <= 0) {
dbg(1," %s : device not opened", __FUNCTION__);
@@ -359,19 +374,15 @@ static int adu_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
goto exit;
}

+ adu_release_internal(dev);
if (dev->udev == NULL) {
/* the device was unplugged before the file was released */
- mutex_unlock(&dev->mtx);
- adu_delete(dev);
- dev = NULL;
- } else {
- /* do the work */
- retval = adu_release_internal(dev);
+ if (!dev->open_count) /* ... and we're the last user */
+ adu_delete(dev);
}

exit:
- if (dev)
- mutex_unlock(&dev->mtx);
+ mutex_unlock(&adutux_mutex);
dbg(2," %s : leave, return value %d", __FUNCTION__, retval);
return retval;
}
@@ -393,12 +404,12 @@ static ssize_t adu_read(struct file *file, __user char *buffer, size_t count,

dev = file->private_data;
dbg(2," %s : dev=%p", __FUNCTION__, dev);
- /* lock this object */
+
if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mtx))
return -ERESTARTSYS;

/* verify that the device wasn't unplugged */
- if (dev->udev == NULL || dev->minor == 0) {
+ if (dev->udev == NULL) {
retval = -ENODEV;
err("No device or device unplugged %d", retval);
goto exit;
@@ -452,7 +463,7 @@ static ssize_t adu_read(struct file *file, __user char *buffer, size_t count,
should_submit = 1;
} else {
/* even the primary was empty - we may need to do IO */
- if (dev->interrupt_in_urb->status == -EINPROGRESS) {
+ if (!dev->read_urb_finished) {
/* somebody is doing IO */
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);
dbg(2," %s : submitted already", __FUNCTION__);
@@ -460,6 +471,7 @@ static ssize_t adu_read(struct file *file, __user char *buffer, size_t count,
/* we must initiate input */
dbg(2," %s : initiate input", __FUNCTION__);
dev->read_urb_finished = 0;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);

usb_fill_int_urb(dev->interrupt_in_urb,dev->udev,
usb_rcvintpipe(dev->udev,
@@ -470,14 +482,11 @@ static ssize_t adu_read(struct file *file, __user char *buffer, size_t count,
dev,
dev->interrupt_in_endpoint->bInterval);
retval = usb_submit_urb(dev->interrupt_in_urb, GFP_ATOMIC);
- if (!retval) {
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);
- dbg(2," %s : submitted OK", __FUNCTION__);
- } else {
+ if (retval) {
+ dev->read_urb_finished = 1;
if (retval == -ENOMEM) {
retval = bytes_read ? bytes_read : -ENOMEM;
}
- spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);
dbg(2," %s : submit failed", __FUNCTION__);
goto exit;
}
@@ -486,10 +495,14 @@ static ssize_t adu_read(struct file *file, __user char *buffer, size_t count,
/* we wait for I/O to complete */
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
add_wait_queue(&dev->read_wait, &wait);
- if (!dev->read_urb_finished)
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->buflock, flags);
+ if (!dev->read_urb_finished) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);
timeout = schedule_timeout(COMMAND_TIMEOUT);
- else
+ } else {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);
set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
+ }
remove_wait_queue(&dev->read_wait, &wait);

if (timeout <= 0) {
@@ -509,19 +522,23 @@ static ssize_t adu_read(struct file *file, __user char *buffer, size_t count,

retval = bytes_read;
/* if the primary buffer is empty then use it */
- if (should_submit && !dev->interrupt_in_urb->status==-EINPROGRESS) {
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->buflock, flags);
+ if (should_submit && dev->read_urb_finished) {
+ dev->read_urb_finished = 0;
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);
usb_fill_int_urb(dev->interrupt_in_urb,dev->udev,
usb_rcvintpipe(dev->udev,
dev->interrupt_in_endpoint->bEndpointAddress),
- dev->interrupt_in_buffer,
- le16_to_cpu(dev->interrupt_in_endpoint->wMaxPacketSize),
- adu_interrupt_in_callback,
- dev,
- dev->interrupt_in_endpoint->bInterval);
- /* dev->interrupt_in_urb->transfer_flags |= URB_ASYNC_UNLINK; */
- dev->read_urb_finished = 0;
- usb_submit_urb(dev->interrupt_in_urb, GFP_KERNEL);
+ dev->interrupt_in_buffer,
+ le16_to_cpu(dev->interrupt_in_endpoint->wMaxPacketSize),
+ adu_interrupt_in_callback,
+ dev,
+ dev->interrupt_in_endpoint->bInterval);
+ if (usb_submit_urb(dev->interrupt_in_urb, GFP_KERNEL) != 0)
+ dev->read_urb_finished = 1;
/* we ignore failure */
+ } else {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);
}

exit:
@@ -539,6 +556,7 @@ static ssize_t adu_write(struct file *file, const __user char *buffer,
size_t bytes_written = 0;
size_t bytes_to_write;
size_t buffer_size;
+ unsigned long flags;
int retval;
int timeout = 0;

@@ -546,13 +564,12 @@ static ssize_t adu_write(struct file *file, const __user char *buffer,

dev = file->private_data;

- /* lock this object */
retval = mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mtx);
if (retval)
goto exit_nolock;

/* verify that the device wasn't unplugged */
- if (dev->udev == NULL || dev->minor == 0) {
+ if (dev->udev == NULL) {
retval = -ENODEV;
err("No device or device unplugged %d", retval);
goto exit;
@@ -564,42 +581,43 @@ static ssize_t adu_write(struct file *file, const __user char *buffer,
goto exit;
}

-
while (count > 0) {
- if (dev->interrupt_out_urb->status == -EINPROGRESS) {
- timeout = COMMAND_TIMEOUT;
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&dev->buflock, flags);
+ if (!dev->out_urb_finished) {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);

+ timeout = COMMAND_TIMEOUT;
while (timeout > 0) {
if (signal_pending(current)) {
- dbg(1," %s : interrupted", __FUNCTION__);
- retval = -EINTR;
- goto exit;
- }
- mutex_unlock(&dev->mtx);
- timeout = interruptible_sleep_on_timeout(&dev->write_wait, timeout);
- retval = mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mtx);
- if (retval) {
- retval = bytes_written ? bytes_written : retval;
- goto exit_nolock;
- }
- if (timeout > 0) {
- break;
+ dbg(1," %s : interrupted", __FUNCTION__);
+ retval = -EINTR;
+ goto exit;
+ }
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->mtx);
+ timeout = interruptible_sleep_on_timeout(&dev->write_wait, timeout);
+ retval = mutex_lock_interruptible(&dev->mtx);
+ if (retval) {
+ retval = bytes_written ? bytes_written : retval;
+ goto exit_nolock;
+ }
+ if (timeout > 0) {
+ break;
+ }
+ dbg(1," %s : interrupted timeout: %d", __FUNCTION__, timeout);
}
- dbg(1," %s : interrupted timeout: %d", __FUNCTION__, timeout);
- }

+ dbg(1," %s : final timeout: %d", __FUNCTION__, timeout);

- dbg(1," %s : final timeout: %d", __FUNCTION__, timeout);
-
- if (timeout == 0) {
- dbg(1, "%s - command timed out.", __FUNCTION__);
- retval = -ETIMEDOUT;
- goto exit;
- }
+ if (timeout == 0) {
+ dbg(1, "%s - command timed out.", __FUNCTION__);
+ retval = -ETIMEDOUT;
+ goto exit;
+ }

- dbg(4," %s : in progress, count = %Zd", __FUNCTION__, count);
+ dbg(4," %s : in progress, count = %Zd", __FUNCTION__, count);

} else {
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&dev->buflock, flags);
dbg(4," %s : sending, count = %Zd", __FUNCTION__, count);

/* write the data into interrupt_out_buffer from userspace */
@@ -623,10 +641,11 @@ static ssize_t adu_write(struct file *file, const __user char *buffer,
adu_interrupt_out_callback,
dev,
dev->interrupt_in_endpoint->bInterval);
- /* dev->interrupt_in_urb->transfer_flags |= URB_ASYNC_UNLINK; */
dev->interrupt_out_urb->actual_length = bytes_to_write;
+ dev->out_urb_finished = 0;
retval = usb_submit_urb(dev->interrupt_out_urb, GFP_KERNEL);
if (retval < 0) {
+ dev->out_urb_finished = 1;
err("Couldn't submit interrupt_out_urb %d", retval);
goto exit;
}
@@ -641,7 +660,6 @@ static ssize_t adu_write(struct file *file, const __user char *buffer,
retval = bytes_written;

exit:
- /* unlock the device */
mutex_unlock(&dev->mtx);
exit_nolock:

@@ -831,25 +849,27 @@ static void adu_disconnect(struct usb_interface *interface)
dbg(2," %s : enter", __FUNCTION__);

dev = usb_get_intfdata(interface);
+
+ mutex_lock(&dev->mtx); /* not interruptible */
+
+ dev->udev = NULL;
usb_set_intfdata(interface, NULL);

minor = dev->minor;

/* give back our minor */
usb_deregister_dev(interface, &adu_class);
- dev->minor = 0;

- mutex_lock(&dev->mtx); /* not interruptible */
+ mutex_unlock(&dev->mtx);
+
+ mutex_lock(&adutux_mutex);

/* if the device is not opened, then we clean up right now */
dbg(2," %s : open count %d", __FUNCTION__, dev->open_count);
- if (!dev->open_count) {
- mutex_unlock(&dev->mtx);
+ if (!dev->open_count)
adu_delete(dev);
- } else {
- dev->udev = NULL;
- mutex_unlock(&dev->mtx);
- }
+
+ mutex_unlock(&adutux_mutex);

dev_info(&interface->dev, "ADU device adutux%d now disconnected\n",
(minor - ADU_MINOR_BASE));
-
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