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SubjectRe: [patch 3/3] Trace sample
On Tue, 02 Oct 2007 09:33:25 -0700 David J. Wilder wrote:

> Trace example - Adds the trace example to samples/
>
> Signed-off-by: David Wilder <dwilder@us.ibm.com>
> ---
> samples/Kconfig | 6 ++
> samples/Makefile | 1 +
> samples/trace/Makefile | 4 +
> samples/trace/fork_trace.c | 132 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 4 files changed, 143 insertions(+), 0 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/samples/Kconfig b/samples/Kconfig
> index 57bb223..e11c806 100644
> --- a/samples/Kconfig
> +++ b/samples/Kconfig
> @@ -13,4 +13,10 @@ config SAMPLE_MARKERS
> help
> This build markers example modules.
>
> +config SAMPLE_TRACE
> + tristate "Build trace example -- loadable modules only"
> + depends on TRACE && m

The sample code uses kprobes, so this should also be:

depends on KPROBES

Is (are?) kprobes always needed for trace? If so, the documentation
probably should mention that also (along with relay & debugfs).


> + help
> + This builds a trace example module.
> +
> endif # SAMPLES
> diff --git a/samples/Makefile b/samples/Makefile
> index 5a4f0b6..8f6d05b 100644
> --- a/samples/Makefile
> +++ b/samples/Makefile
> @@ -1,3 +1,4 @@
> # Makefile for Linux samples code
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLES) += markers/
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLES) += trace/
> diff --git a/samples/trace/Makefile b/samples/trace/Makefile
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..a2da8af
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/samples/trace/Makefile
> @@ -0,0 +1,4 @@
> +# builds the trace example kernel modules;
> +# then to use (as root): insmod <fork_trace.ko>
> +
> +obj-$(CONFIG_SAMPLE_TRACE) := fork_trace.o
> diff --git a/samples/trace/fork_trace.c b/samples/trace/fork_trace.c
> new file mode 100644
> index 0000000..71c04c7
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/samples/trace/fork_trace.c
> @@ -0,0 +1,132 @@
> +/*
> + * An example of using trace in a kprobes module
> + *
> + * Copyright (C) 2007 IBM Inc.
> + *
> + * David Wilder <dwilder@us.ibm.com>
> + *
> + * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
> + * it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
> + * published by the Free Software Foundation.
> + *
> + * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
> + * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
> + * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
> + * GNU General Public License for more details.
> + *
> + * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
> + * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
> + * Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin St, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA
> + *
> + * -------
> + * This module creates a trace channel and places a kprobe
> + * on the function do_fork(). The value of current->pid is written to
> + * the trace channel each time the kprobe is hit..
> + *
> + * How to run the example:
> + * $ mount -t debugfs /debug
> + * $ insmod fork_trace.ko
> + *
> + * To view the data produced by the module:
> + * $ cat /debug/trace_example/do_fork/trace0
> + *
> + */
> +
> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> +#include <linux/module.h>
> +#include <linux/kprobes.h>
> +#include <linux/trace.h>
> +
> +#define USE_GLOBAL_BUFFERS 1
> +#define USE_FLIGHT 1
> +
> +#define PROBE_POINT "do_fork"
> +
> +static struct kprobe kp;
> +static struct trace_info *kprobes_trace;
> +
> +#ifdef USE_GLOBAL_BUFFERS
> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(trace_lock);
> +#endif
> +
...
> +
> +int init_module(void)
> +{
> + int ret;
> + u32 flags = 0;
> +
> +#ifdef USE_GLOBAL_BUFFERS
> + flags |= TRACE_GLOBAL_CHANNEL;
> +#endif
> +
> +#ifdef USE_FLIGHT
> + flags |= TRACE_FLIGHT_CHANNEL;
> +#endif
> +
> + /* setup the trace */
> + kprobes_trace = trace_setup("trace_example", PROBE_POINT,
> + 1024, 8, flags);
> + if (IS_ERR(kprobes_trace))
> + return PTR_ERR(kprobes_trace);
> +
> + trace_start(kprobes_trace);
> +
> + /* setup the kprobe */
> + kp.pre_handler = handler_pre;
> + kp.post_handler = NULL;
> + kp.fault_handler = NULL;
> + kp.symbol_name = PROBE_POINT;
> + ret = register_kprobe(&kp);
> + if (ret) {
> + printk(KERN_ERR "fork_trace: register_kprobe failed\n");
> + return ret;
> + }
> + return 0;
> +}
> +
> +void cleanup_module(void)
> +{
> + unregister_kprobe(&kp);
> + trace_stop(kprobes_trace);
> + trace_cleanup(kprobes_trace);
> +}
> +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");

---
~Randy
-
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