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Subject[PATCH] Add irq protection in the percpu-counters cpu-hotplug-callback path
Hi Andrew,

While running regular cpu-offline tests on 2.6.23-mm1, I
hit the following lockdep warning.

It was triggered because some of the per-cpu counters and thus
their locks are accessed from IRQ context.
This can cause a deadlock if it interrupts a cpu-offline thread which
is transferring a dead-cpu's counts to the global counter.

Please find the patch for the same below. Tested on i386.

Thanks and Regards
gautham.

=====================Warning! ===========================================

[root@llm43]# ./all_hotplug_once

CPU 1 is now offline

=================================
[ INFO: inconsistent lock state ]
2.6.23-mm1 #3
---------------------------------
inconsistent {in-softirq-W} -> {softirq-on-W} usage.
sh/7103 [HC0[0]:SC0[0]:HE1:SE1] takes:
(&percpu_counter_irqsafe){-+..}, at: [<c028e296>] percpu_counter_hotcpu_callback+0x22/0x67
{in-softirq-W} state was registered at:
[<c014126f>] __lock_acquire+0x40d/0xb4a
[<c0141966>] __lock_acquire+0xb04/0xb4a
[<c0141a0b>] lock_acquire+0x5f/0x79
[<c028e4b5>] __percpu_counter_add+0x62/0xad
[<c04d5e81>] _spin_lock+0x21/0x2c
[<c028e4b5>] __percpu_counter_add+0x62/0xad
[<c028e4b5>] __percpu_counter_add+0x62/0xad
[<c01531af>] test_clear_page_writeback+0x88/0xc5
[<c014d35e>] end_page_writeback+0x20/0x3c
[<c0188757>] end_buffer_async_write+0x133/0x181
[<c0141966>] __lock_acquire+0xb04/0xb4a
[<c0187eb4>] end_bio_bh_io_sync+0x21/0x29
[<c0187e93>] end_bio_bh_io_sync+0x0/0x29
[<c0189345>] bio_endio+0x27/0x29
[<c04358f8>] dec_pending+0x17d/0x199
[<c0435a13>] clone_endio+0x73/0x9f
[<c04359a0>] clone_endio+0x0/0x9f
[<c0189345>] bio_endio+0x27/0x29
[<c027ba83>] __end_that_request_first+0x150/0x2c0
[<c034a161>] scsi_end_request+0x1d/0xab
[<c014f5ed>] mempool_free+0x63/0x67
[<c034ac22>] scsi_io_completion+0x108/0x2c7
[<c027e03b>] blk_done_softirq+0x51/0x5c
[<c012b291>] __do_softirq+0x68/0xdb
[<c012b33a>] do_softirq+0x36/0x51
[<c012b4bf>] irq_exit+0x43/0x4e
[<c0106f60>] do_IRQ+0x73/0x83
[<c0105902>] common_interrupt+0x2e/0x34
[<c01600d8>] add_to_swap+0x23/0x66
[<c01031b4>] mwait_idle_with_hints+0x3b/0x3f
[<c01033a8>] mwait_idle+0x0/0xf
[<c01034d1>] cpu_idle+0x9a/0xc7
[<ffffffff>] 0xffffffff
irq event stamp: 4007
hardirqs last enabled at (4007): [<c04d4d9c>] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x21d/0x241
hardirqs last disabled at (4006): [<c04d4bda>] __mutex_lock_slowpath+0x5b/0x241
softirqs last enabled at (2130): [<c0135ab7>] __rcu_offline_cpu+0x2f/0x5a
softirqs last disabled at (2128): [<c04d5e94>] _spin_lock_bh+0x8/0x31

other info that might help us debug this:
6 locks held by sh/7103:
#0: (&buffer->mutex){--..}, at: [<c019f414>] sysfs_write_file+0x22/0xdb
#1: (cpu_add_remove_lock){--..}, at: [<c01450fd>] cpu_down+0x13/0x36
#2: (sched_hotcpu_mutex){--..}, at: [<c01220db>] migration_call+0x26/0x36a
#3: (cache_chain_mutex){--..}, at: [<c0168289>] cpuup_callback+0x28/0x1f9
#4: (workqueue_mutex){--..}, at: [<c013456d>] workqueue_cpu_callback+0x26/0xca
#5: (percpu_counters_lock){--..}, at: [<c028e287>] percpu_counter_hotcpu_callback+0x13/0x67

stack backtrace:
[<c013febd>] print_usage_bug+0x101/0x10b
[<c01406fd>] mark_lock+0x249/0x3f0
[<c01412d6>] __lock_acquire+0x474/0xb4a
[<c0141a0b>] lock_acquire+0x5f/0x79
[<c028e296>] percpu_counter_hotcpu_callback+0x22/0x67
[<c04d5e81>] _spin_lock+0x21/0x2c
[<c028e296>] percpu_counter_hotcpu_callback+0x22/0x67
[<c028e296>] percpu_counter_hotcpu_callback+0x22/0x67
[<c04d7e3d>] notifier_call_chain+0x2a/0x47
[<c013aece>] raw_notifier_call_chain+0x9/0xc
[<c014503d>] _cpu_down+0x174/0x221
[<c014510f>] cpu_down+0x25/0x36
[<c02e7a66>] store_online+0x24/0x56
[<c02e7a42>] store_online+0x0/0x56
[<c02e5132>] sysdev_store+0x1e/0x22
[<c019f499>] sysfs_write_file+0xa7/0xdb
[<c019f3f2>] sysfs_write_file+0x0/0xdb
[<c016b882>] vfs_write+0x83/0xf6
[<c016bde3>] sys_write+0x3c/0x63
[<c0104e8e>] sysenter_past_esp+0x5f/0x99
=======================

--->

From: Gautham R Shenoy <ego@in.ibm.com>

Some of the per-cpu counters and thus their locks
are accessed from IRQ contexts. This can cause a deadlock
if it interrupts a cpu-offline thread which is transferring
a dead-cpu's counts to the global counter.

Add appropriate IRQ protection in the cpu-hotplug callback path.

Signed-off-by: Gautham R Shenoy <ego@in.ibm.com>

---
lib/percpu_counter.c | 5 +++--
1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

Index: linux-2.6.23/lib/percpu_counter.c
===================================================================
--- linux-2.6.23.orig/lib/percpu_counter.c
+++ linux-2.6.23/lib/percpu_counter.c
@@ -124,12 +124,13 @@ static int __cpuinit percpu_counter_hotc
mutex_lock(&percpu_counters_lock);
list_for_each_entry(fbc, &percpu_counters, list) {
s32 *pcount;
+ unsigned long flags;

- spin_lock(&fbc->lock);
+ spin_lock_irqsave(&fbc->lock, flags);
pcount = per_cpu_ptr(fbc->counters, cpu);
fbc->count += *pcount;
*pcount = 0;
- spin_unlock(&fbc->lock);
+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&fbc->lock, flags);
}
mutex_unlock(&percpu_counters_lock);
return NOTIFY_OK;
--
Gautham R Shenoy
Linux Technology Center
IBM India.
"Freedom comes with a price tag of responsibility, which is still a bargain,
because Freedom is priceless!"
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