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SubjectRe: [linux-pm] Re: [QUESTION] I need advice for writing .suspend/.resume functions
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On Friday 12 October 2007 00:23:50 Alan Stern wrote:
> On Fri, 12 Oct 2007, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>
> > On Thursday, 11 October 2007 05:13, Maxim Levitsky wrote:
> > > Hi,
> > >
> > > I have few questions about .suspend()/.resume() driver functions and how best to write them.
> > >
> > > I have written a support for suspend/resume for saa7134 v4l driver.
> > > Now looking at code again and again, I found few problems, and I am seeking your advice how to fix them.
> > >
> > > First of all the .suspend() function:
> > >
> > > Looking at various drivers (including v4l ones) it seems that in general the function:
> > >
> > > 1) tells upper layers that it is suspended
> > > 2) saves the state of device
> > > (generally there is nothing to save, since the driver maintains a copy of device state in memory)
> > >
> > > 3) disables the device (including DMA)
> > > 4) does usual pci_save_state+pci_set_power_state(pci_dev, pci_choose_state(pci_dev, state))
> > > (I am talking about pci devices of course)
> > >
> > > But there is one problem that my .suspend() function have together with quite a lot of drivers:
> > > It can race with IRQ handler. Suppose the handler is called just before .suspend(), and thus .suspend() literally
> > > pulls the hadware from that handler.
> > >
> > > I was told that I should use synchronize_irq(), and it looks exactly like the solution.
> >
> > Yes, that seems to be the right solution.
> >
> > > But I was surprised to see that very few drivers use it in their .suspend() routines.
> >
> > Frankly, I'm not sure why that is so.
>
> USB calls it.
>
> > > Another issue, even bigger happens during the resume:
> > > Suppose the IRQ line is shared with some other device and it gets resumed first.
> > > And my IRQ handler is called because of the other device.
> > > Now my IRQ handler can't determine whenever the IRQ for the device, since the hardware is still powered off.
> > >
> > > Probably I can fix the following issues doing this:
> > >
> > > 1) do free_irq() in .suspend(), and request_irq() in .resume
> > > this solves both problems since free_irq() calls synchronize_irq()
> > > Few drivers do that this way. I would like to know if this is the right way.
> >
> > AFAICS, it is not and these drivers should probably be modified not to do so.
> >
> > The problem, as I see it, is that we don't know what state the device will be
> > in during the resume (this may be a resume from disk and the device may have
> > been initialized by the BIOS and we get it actually generating interrupts).
> >
> > > 2) Disable the card's IRQ register , then call synchronize_irq(), at that
> > > point I can be sure that no IRQ handler is running and will run then set some
> > > per device flag say dev->insuspend
> > >
> > > let IRQ handler check this flag, and bail out if set, so false interrupts are caught on resume
> > > Probably not a good idea, since I didn't find such implementation in kernel
> >
> > I'm not sure of that. Sounds better than freeing the IRQs in .suspend() to me.
>
> USB uses 2). Actually we set the "insuspend" flag after disabling IRQ
> generation but before calling synchronize_irq() -- presumably this
> doesn't lead to any problems.
>
> The problem of devices initialized by the BIOS and generating unwanted
> interrupts is handled by a PCI quirk routine. The device's IRQ-enable
> flag is turned off early on in the boot kernel.
>
> Alan Stern
>
>

Thank you very much.
I will now implement (2) knowing that this is the right way.

Thanks again,
Best regards,
Maxim Levitsky
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