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SubjectGetting problem while building kernel module
Hi all,
I am trying to build the following module and getting
below specified error.please help me for successful
compilation
here is my code(ins.c)
--------------------------
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>

MODULE_LICENSE("Dual BSD/GPL");

static int hello_init(void)
{
printk(KERN_ALERT "Hello, world\n");
return 0;
}

static void hello_exit(void)
{
printk(KERN_ALERT "Goodbye, cruel world\n");
}

module_init(hello_init);
module_exit(hello_exit);
--------------------------
[root@localhost device_driver]# make

gcc -O2 -DMODULE -D__KERNEL__ -isystem
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include -c
-o ins.o ins.c
'In file included from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/thread_info.h:16,
from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/thread_info.h:21,
from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/preempt.h:9,
from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/spinlock.h:49,
from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/capability.h:45,
from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/sched.h:44,
from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/module.h:9,
from ins.c:2:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/processor.h:80:
error: ‘CONFIG_X86_L1_CACHE_SHIFT’ undeclared here
(not in a function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/processor.h:80:
error: requested alignment is not a constant
In file included from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/sched.h:49,
from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/module.h:9,
from ins.c:2:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:33:3:
error: #error You lose.
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:210:31:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:254:46:
error: division by zero in #if
In file included from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/sched.h:49,
from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/module.h:9,
from ins.c:2:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:
In function ‘jiffies_to_msecs’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:259:
error: ‘CONFIG_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:259:
error: (Each undeclared identifier is reported only
once
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:259:
error: for each function it appears in.)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:265:46:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:
In function ‘jiffies_to_usecs’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:270:
error: ‘CONFIG_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:278:46:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:
In function ‘msecs_to_jiffies’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:283:
error: ‘CONFIG_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:291:46:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:
In function ‘usecs_to_jiffies’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:296:
error: ‘CONFIG_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:
In function ‘timespec_to_jiffies’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:315:
error: ‘CONFIG_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:321:
error: ‘SHIFT_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:
In function ‘jiffies_to_timespec’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:334:
error: ‘CONFIG_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:
In function ‘timeval_to_jiffies’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:356:
error: ‘CONFIG_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:360:
error: ‘SHIFT_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:
In function ‘jiffies_to_timeval’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:372:
error: ‘CONFIG_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:385:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:
In function ‘jiffies_to_clock_t’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:386:
error: ‘CONFIG_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:
In function ‘clock_t_to_jiffies’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:397:
error: ‘CONFIG_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:416:6:
error: division by zero in #if
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:
In function ‘jiffies_64_to_clock_t’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/jiffies.h:417:
error: ‘CONFIG_HZ’ undeclared (first use in this
function)
In file included from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/rwsem.h:24,
from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/semaphore.h:42,
from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/sched.h:57,
from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/module.h:9,
from ins.c:2:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/rwsem.h:
In function ‘__down_read’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/rwsem.h:104:
error: expected ‘:’ or ‘)’ before ‘KBUILD_BASENAME’
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/rwsem.h:
In function ‘__down_write_nested’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/rwsem.h:156:
error: expected ‘:’ or ‘)’ before ‘KBUILD_BASENAME’
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/rwsem.h:
In function ‘__up_read’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/rwsem.h:198:
error: expected ‘:’ or ‘)’ before ‘KBUILD_BASENAME’
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/rwsem.h:
In function ‘__up_write’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/rwsem.h:224:
error: expected ‘:’ or ‘)’ before ‘KBUILD_BASENAME’
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/rwsem.h:
In function ‘__downgrade_write’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/rwsem.h:249:
error: expected ‘:’ or ‘)’ before ‘KBUILD_BASENAME’
In file included from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/sched.h:57,
from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/module.h:9,
from ins.c:2:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/semaphore.h:
In function ‘down’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/semaphore.h:105:
error: expected ‘:’ or ‘)’ before ‘KBUILD_BASENAME’
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/semaphore.h:
In function ‘down_interruptible’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/semaphore.h:130:
error: expected ‘:’ or ‘)’ before ‘KBUILD_BASENAME’
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/semaphore.h:
In function ‘down_trylock’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/semaphore.h:155:
error: expected ‘:’ or ‘)’ before ‘KBUILD_BASENAME’
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/semaphore.h:
In function ‘up’:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/semaphore.h:179:
error: expected ‘:’ or ‘)’ before ‘KBUILD_BASENAME’
In file included from
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/linux/module.h:22,
from ins.c:2:
/usr/src/kernels/2.6.18-1.2798.fc6-i686/include/asm/module.h:65:2:
error: #error unknown processor family
make: *** [ins.o] Error 1
[root@localhost device_driver]#




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