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SubjectRe: [PATCH 3/3] faster workaround
Alan Cox wrote:
>> -static void ata_fill_sg(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc)
>> +void ata_fill_sg(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc)
>> {
>> struct ata_port *ap = qc->ap;
>> struct scatterlist *sg;
>> @@ -4217,10 +4217,15 @@ int ata_check_atapi_dma(struct ata_queue
>> */
>> void ata_qc_prep(struct ata_queued_cmd *qc)
>> {
>> + struct ata_port *ap = qc->ap;
>> +
>> if (!(qc->flags & ATA_QCFLAG_DMAMAP))
>> return;
>>
>> - ata_fill_sg(qc);
>> + if (ap->ops->fill_sg)
>> + ap->ops->fill_sg(qc);
>> + else
>> + ata_fill_sg(qc);
>> }
>
> Its probably better to simply make your own sil_qc_prep function for this
> case rather than touch the core code.
>
>> - .sg_tablesize = LIBATA_MAX_PRD,
>> + .sg_tablesize = 120, /* max 15 kiB sectors ? */
>
> If you are just fiddling with the way the data is split then
> LIBATA_MAX_PRD - 1 should be totally safe)
>
>> .cmd_per_lun = ATA_SHT_CMD_PER_LUN,
>> .emulated = ATA_SHT_EMULATED,
>> - .use_clustering = ATA_SHT_USE_CLUSTERING,
>> + .use_clustering = 1,
>
> Un-needed
>
>> .proc_name = DRV_NAME,
>> - .dma_boundary = ATA_DMA_BOUNDARY,
>> + .dma_boundary = 0x1fff,
>
> Ok
>
>> .slave_configure = ata_scsi_slave_config,
>> .slave_destroy = ata_scsi_slave_destroy,
>> .bios_param = ata_std_bios_param,
>
>> + /* Errata workaround: if last segment is exactly 8K, split
>> + * into 7.5K and 512b pieces.
>> + */
>> + len = le32_to_cpu(ap->prd[idx].flags_len) & 0xffff;
>> + if (len == 8192) {
>> + addr = le32_to_cpu(ap->prd[idx].addr);
>> + ap->prd[idx].flags_len = cpu_to_le32(15 * 512);
>> +
>> + idx++;
>> + ap->prd[idx].addr = cpu_to_le32(addr + (15 * 512));
>> + ap->prd[idx].flags_len = cpu_to_le32(512 | ATA_PRD_EOT);
>> + }
>> +}
>
> And since in this approach we are merely splitting the last PRD entry in
> some obscure cases we might as well do it by default as it should have no
> performance impact of any note done this way.

Unfortunately all this stuff is quite meaningless, which was why my
patch was never merged.

The problem is that the 3112 generates Data FIS's of a size other than a
multiple of 512 bytes. Spec-legal, but exposed firmware bugs in many
early SATA drives. Early Seagate hard drives choked when the formula
(sector%15)==1 was satisfied (or something along those lines).

The problem with the fix is that Data FIS size is only roughly
correlated to PRD segment length or DMA boundary -- the chip could
decide to send out a frame even if the PRD length is < 8K. The 3112 can
generate not-512b-sized FIS's at any time, not just at the end of the
transfer.

That leaves us with two observations:

1) Just about the only valid optimization is to ensure that only the
write path must be limited to small chunks, not both read- and
write-paths. Tejun had a patch to do this a long time ago, but it's an
open question whether the large amount of code is worth it for a rare
combination.

2) Once we identified, over time, the set of drives affected by this
3112 quirk (aka drives that didn't fully comply to SATA spec), the
debugging of corruption cases largely shifted to the standard routine:
update the BIOS, replace the cables/RAM/power/mainboard/slot/etc. to be
certain of problem location.

Jeff


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