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SubjectRe: OOM killer invoked on 2.6.20.3, need help understanding why
On Mon, 1 Oct 2007, Peter Zijlstra wrote:

> On Mon, 2007-10-01 at 08:57 -0700, david@lang.hm wrote:
>> I have a dual dual-core Opteron box running a 32 bit 2.6.20.3 kernel with
>> 4G himem (16G in the box) serving as a iptables firewall. I's got E1000
>> network cards and a LSI raid controller.
>
> OOh, 64bit machine. Seems like a good idea to run a 64bit kernel on
> it :-)

expecially with 16G of ram in it ;-)

unfortunantly the last time I tried a mixed 64/32 system I ran into
mysterious lockups (that I now think were the iptables interface bugs),
and haven't convinced management to let me try again, and I haven't
migrated everything to 64 bit machines to convert the standard system
image to 64 bit (I'm close, half a dozen machines out of a few hundred,
but not _quite_ there)

>> this morning it died with the message 'kernel panic, out of memory and no
>> process to kill'
>>
>> gong back through it's syslogs I've got quite a few logs, but I need help
>> in understanding what went wrong (and if it's preventable)
>>
>> the process that was running and triggered the OOM is a script
>>
>> #!/bin/bash
>>
>> PATH=$PATH:/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin
>>
>> while :
>> do
>> logger -t maxconns `cat /proc/sys/net/ipv4/netfilter/ip_conntrack_count`
>> logger -t afdslog `cat /proc/sys/fs/file-nr |awk '{print $1}'`
>>
>> sleep 5
>> done
>>
>> since the box is a dedicated firewall there is very little running on it
>> (a few other monitoring scripts like this)
>>
>> the conntrack count that was being reported was relativly low (around
>> 34k, the max is set at 1m)
>>
>> if I'm reading the logs correctly it looks like it ran out of lowmem, but
>> had a lot of himem still available. but I don't know what would have eaten
>> up the lowmem.
>>
>> now the logs and other info
>>
>> Oct 1 06:01:04 g1a-c maxconns: 34317
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: printk: 1887 messages suppressed.
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: maxconns invoked oom-killer: gfp_mask=0x84d0, order=0, oomkilladj=0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c0147850>] out_of_memory+0x100/0x130
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c0148b2b>] __alloc_pages+0x22b/0x2d0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c01135b1>] pte_alloc_one+0x11/0x20
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c014feaa>] __pte_alloc+0x1a/0xb0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c0150369>] copy_pte_range+0x289/0x2b0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c01504b9>] copy_page_range+0x129/0x170
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c011e024>] dup_mm+0x214/0x2e0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c011e179>] copy_mm+0x89/0xa0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c011e91a>] copy_process+0x33a/0xc60
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c011f2a5>] do_fork+0x65/0x1f0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c027e2c2>] copy_to_user+0x32/0x50
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c0101722>] sys_clone+0x32/0x40
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: [<c0102a8e>] syscall_call+0x7/0xb
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: =======================
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: Mem-info:
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: DMA per-cpu:
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: CPU 0: Hot: hi: 0, btch: 1 usd: 0 Cold: hi: 0, btch: 1 usd: 0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: CPU 1: Hot: hi: 0, btch: 1 usd: 0 Cold: hi: 0, btch: 1 usd: 0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: CPU 2: Hot: hi: 0, btch: 1 usd: 0 Cold: hi: 0, btch: 1 usd: 0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: CPU 3: Hot: hi: 0, btch: 1 usd: 0 Cold: hi: 0, btch: 1 usd: 0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: Normal per-cpu:
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: CPU 0: Hot: hi: 186, btch: 31 usd: 104 Cold: hi: 62, btch: 15 usd: 58
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: CPU 1: Hot: hi: 186, btch: 31 usd: 22 Cold: hi: 62, btch: 15 usd: 52
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: CPU 2: Hot: hi: 186, btch: 31 usd: 30 Cold: hi: 62, btch: 15 usd: 58
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: CPU 3: Hot: hi: 186, btch: 31 usd: 15 Cold: hi: 62, btch: 15 usd: 60
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: HighMem per-cpu:
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: CPU 0: Hot: hi: 186, btch: 31 usd: 105 Cold: hi: 62, btch: 15 usd: 8
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: CPU 1: Hot: hi: 186, btch: 31 usd: 51 Cold: hi: 62, btch: 15 usd: 3
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: CPU 2: Hot: hi: 186, btch: 31 usd: 122 Cold: hi: 62, btch: 15 usd: 0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: CPU 3: Hot: hi: 186, btch: 31 usd: 42 Cold: hi: 62, btch: 15 usd: 0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: Active:3496 inactive:616 dirty:16 writeback:0 unstable:0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: free:3941515 slab:6779 mapped:843 pagetables:48 bounce:0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: DMA free:3548kB min:68kB low:84kB high:100kB active:16kB inactive:0kB present:16256kB pages_scanned:56 all_unreclaimable? yes
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: lowmem_reserve[]: 0 873 16240
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: Normal free:3640kB min:3744kB low:4680kB high:5616kB active:148kB inactive:0kB present:894080kB pages_scanned:7196 all_unreclaimable? yes
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 122936
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: HighMem free:15758872kB min:512kB low:17000kB high:33492kB active:13820kB inactive:2464kB present:15735808kB pages_scanned:0 all_unreclaimable? no
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: lowmem_reserve[]: 0 0 0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: DMA: 3*4kB 2*8kB 1*16kB 1*32kB 0*64kB 1*128kB 1*256kB 0*512kB 1*1024kB 1*2048kB 0*4096kB = 3532kB
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: Normal: 0*4kB 23*8kB 6*16kB 1*32kB 0*64kB 0*128kB 1*256kB 0*512kB 1*1024kB 1*2048kB 0*4096kB = 3640kB
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: HighMem: 122*4kB 658*8kB 622*16kB 464*32kB 391*64kB 336*128kB 277*256kB 226*512kB 169*1024kB 135*2048kB 3668*4096kB = 15758872kB
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: Swap cache: add 0, delete 0, find 0/0, race 0+0
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: Free swap = 2048276kB
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: Total swap = 2048276kB
>> Oct 1 06:01:05 g1a-c kernel: Free swap: 2048276kB
>
> Seems like it ran out of memory in zone normal. Looks like it all went to SLAB.
> Could you run your regular workload, and append /proc/slabinfo onto a file every 5 minutes or so?
>
> That should tell us who is using all this memory. (assuming it reproduces...)

will do.

David Lang

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