lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2006]   [Sep]   [7]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH 2/8] Split the free lists into kernel and user parts
Date

This patch adds the core of the anti-fragmentation strategy. It works by
grouping related allocation types together. The idea is that large groups of
pages that may be reclaimed are placed near each other. The zone->free_area
list is broken into RCLM_TYPES number of lists.


Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Signed-off-by: Joel Schopp <jschopp@austin.ibm.com>
---

include/linux/mmzone.h | 10 +++
include/linux/page-flags.h | 7 ++
mm/page_alloc.c | 109 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---------
3 files changed, 102 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff -rup -X /usr/src/patchset-0.6/bin//dontdiff linux-2.6.18-rc5-mm1-001_antifrag_flags/include/linux/mmzone.h linux-2.6.18-rc5-mm1-002_fragcore/include/linux/mmzone.h
--- linux-2.6.18-rc5-mm1-001_antifrag_flags/include/linux/mmzone.h 2006-09-04 18:34:33.000000000 +0100
+++ linux-2.6.18-rc5-mm1-002_fragcore/include/linux/mmzone.h 2006-09-04 18:37:59.000000000 +0100
@@ -24,8 +24,16 @@
#endif
#define MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES (1 << (MAX_ORDER - 1))

+#define RCLM_NORCLM 0
+#define RCLM_EASY 1
+#define RCLM_TYPES 2
+
+#define for_each_rclmtype_order(type, order) \
+ for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) \
+ for (type = 0; type < RCLM_TYPES; type++)
+
struct free_area {
- struct list_head free_list;
+ struct list_head free_list[RCLM_TYPES];
unsigned long nr_free;
};

diff -rup -X /usr/src/patchset-0.6/bin//dontdiff linux-2.6.18-rc5-mm1-001_antifrag_flags/include/linux/page-flags.h linux-2.6.18-rc5-mm1-002_fragcore/include/linux/page-flags.h
--- linux-2.6.18-rc5-mm1-001_antifrag_flags/include/linux/page-flags.h 2006-09-04 18:34:33.000000000 +0100
+++ linux-2.6.18-rc5-mm1-002_fragcore/include/linux/page-flags.h 2006-09-04 18:37:59.000000000 +0100
@@ -92,6 +92,7 @@
#define PG_buddy 19 /* Page is free, on buddy lists */

#define PG_readahead 20 /* Reminder to do readahead */
+#define PG_easyrclm 21 /* Page is an easy reclaim block */


#if (BITS_PER_LONG > 32)
@@ -254,6 +255,12 @@
#define SetPageReadahead(page) set_bit(PG_readahead, &(page)->flags)
#define TestClearPageReadahead(page) test_and_clear_bit(PG_readahead, &(page)->flags)

+#define PageEasyRclm(page) test_bit(PG_easyrclm, &(page)->flags)
+#define SetPageEasyRclm(page) set_bit(PG_easyrclm, &(page)->flags)
+#define ClearPageEasyRclm(page) clear_bit(PG_easyrclm, &(page)->flags)
+#define __SetPageEasyRclm(page) __set_bit(PG_easyrclm, &(page)->flags)
+#define __ClearPageEasyRclm(page) __clear_bit(PG_easyrclm, &(page)->flags)
+
struct page; /* forward declaration */

int test_clear_page_dirty(struct page *page);
diff -rup -X /usr/src/patchset-0.6/bin//dontdiff linux-2.6.18-rc5-mm1-001_antifrag_flags/mm/page_alloc.c linux-2.6.18-rc5-mm1-002_fragcore/mm/page_alloc.c
--- linux-2.6.18-rc5-mm1-001_antifrag_flags/mm/page_alloc.c 2006-09-04 18:34:33.000000000 +0100
+++ linux-2.6.18-rc5-mm1-002_fragcore/mm/page_alloc.c 2006-09-04 18:37:59.000000000 +0100
@@ -133,6 +133,16 @@ static unsigned long __initdata dma_rese
unsigned long __initdata arch_zone_highest_possible_pfn[MAX_NR_ZONES];
#endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_POPULATES_NODE_MAP */

+static inline int get_pageblock_type(struct page *page)
+{
+ return (PageEasyRclm(page) != 0);
+}
+
+static inline int gfpflags_to_rclmtype(unsigned long gfp_flags)
+{
+ return ((gfp_flags & __GFP_EASYRCLM) != 0);
+}
+
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_VM
static int page_outside_zone_boundaries(struct zone *zone, struct page *page)
{
@@ -402,11 +412,13 @@ static inline void __free_one_page(struc
{
unsigned long page_idx;
int order_size = 1 << order;
+ int rclmtype = get_pageblock_type(page);

if (unlikely(PageCompound(page)))
destroy_compound_page(page, order);

page_idx = page_to_pfn(page) & ((1 << MAX_ORDER) - 1);
+ __SetPageEasyRclm(page);

VM_BUG_ON(page_idx & (order_size - 1));
VM_BUG_ON(bad_range(zone, page));
@@ -414,7 +426,6 @@ static inline void __free_one_page(struc
zone->free_pages += order_size;
while (order < MAX_ORDER-1) {
unsigned long combined_idx;
- struct free_area *area;
struct page *buddy;

buddy = __page_find_buddy(page, page_idx, order);
@@ -422,8 +433,7 @@ static inline void __free_one_page(struc
break; /* Move the buddy up one level. */

list_del(&buddy->lru);
- area = zone->free_area + order;
- area->nr_free--;
+ zone->free_area[order].nr_free--;
rmv_page_order(buddy);
combined_idx = __find_combined_index(page_idx, order);
page = page + (combined_idx - page_idx);
@@ -431,7 +441,7 @@ static inline void __free_one_page(struc
order++;
}
set_page_order(page, order);
- list_add(&page->lru, &zone->free_area[order].free_list);
+ list_add(&page->lru, &zone->free_area[order].free_list[rclmtype]);
zone->free_area[order].nr_free++;
}

@@ -567,7 +577,8 @@ void fastcall __init __free_pages_bootme
* -- wli
*/
static inline void expand(struct zone *zone, struct page *page,
- int low, int high, struct free_area *area)
+ int low, int high, struct free_area *area,
+ int rclmtype)
{
unsigned long size = 1 << high;

@@ -576,7 +587,7 @@ static inline void expand(struct zone *z
high--;
size >>= 1;
VM_BUG_ON(bad_range(zone, &page[size]));
- list_add(&page[size].lru, &area->free_list);
+ list_add(&page[size].lru, &area->free_list[rclmtype]);
area->nr_free++;
set_page_order(&page[size], high);
}
@@ -627,31 +638,80 @@ static int prep_new_page(struct page *pa
return 0;
}

+/* Remove an element from the buddy allocator from the fallback list */
+static struct page *__rmqueue_fallback(struct zone *zone, int order,
+ gfp_t gfp_flags)
+{
+ struct free_area * area;
+ int current_order;
+ struct page *page;
+ int rclmtype = gfpflags_to_rclmtype(gfp_flags);
+
+ /* Find the largest possible block of pages in the other list */
+ rclmtype = !rclmtype;
+ for (current_order = MAX_ORDER-1; current_order >= order;
+ --current_order) {
+ area = &(zone->free_area[current_order]);
+ if (list_empty(&area->free_list[rclmtype]))
+ continue;
+
+ page = list_entry(area->free_list[rclmtype].next,
+ struct page, lru);
+ area->nr_free--;
+
+ /*
+ * If breaking a large block of pages, place the buddies
+ * on the preferred allocation list
+ */
+ if (unlikely(current_order >= MAX_ORDER / 2))
+ rclmtype = !rclmtype;
+
+ /* Remove the page from the freelists */
+ list_del(&page->lru);
+ rmv_page_order(page);
+ zone->free_pages -= 1UL << order;
+ expand(zone, page, order, current_order, area, rclmtype);
+ return page;
+ }
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
/*
* Do the hard work of removing an element from the buddy allocator.
* Call me with the zone->lock already held.
*/
-static struct page *__rmqueue(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order)
+static struct page *__rmqueue(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
+ gfp_t gfp_flags)
{
struct free_area * area;
unsigned int current_order;
struct page *page;
+ int rclmtype = gfpflags_to_rclmtype(gfp_flags);

+ /* Find a page of the appropriate size in the preferred list */
for (current_order = order; current_order < MAX_ORDER; ++current_order) {
- area = zone->free_area + current_order;
- if (list_empty(&area->free_list))
+ area = &(zone->free_area[current_order]);
+ if (list_empty(&area->free_list[rclmtype]))
continue;

- page = list_entry(area->free_list.next, struct page, lru);
+ page = list_entry(area->free_list[rclmtype].next,
+ struct page, lru);
list_del(&page->lru);
rmv_page_order(page);
area->nr_free--;
zone->free_pages -= 1UL << order;
- expand(zone, page, order, current_order, area);
- return page;
+ expand(zone, page, order, current_order, area, rclmtype);
+ goto got_page;
}

- return NULL;
+ page = __rmqueue_fallback(zone, order, gfp_flags);
+
+got_page:
+ if (unlikely(rclmtype == RCLM_NORCLM) && page)
+ __ClearPageEasyRclm(page);
+
+ return page;
}

/*
@@ -660,13 +720,14 @@ static struct page *__rmqueue(struct zon
* Returns the number of new pages which were placed at *list.
*/
static int rmqueue_bulk(struct zone *zone, unsigned int order,
- unsigned long count, struct list_head *list)
+ unsigned long count, struct list_head *list,
+ gfp_t gfp_flags)
{
int i;

spin_lock(&zone->lock);
for (i = 0; i < count; ++i) {
- struct page *page = __rmqueue(zone, order);
+ struct page *page = __rmqueue(zone, order, gfp_flags);
if (unlikely(page == NULL))
break;
list_add_tail(&page->lru, list);
@@ -741,7 +802,7 @@ void mark_free_pages(struct zone *zone)
{
unsigned long pfn, max_zone_pfn;
unsigned long flags;
- int order;
+ int order, t;
struct list_head *curr;

if (!zone->spanned_pages)
@@ -758,14 +819,15 @@ void mark_free_pages(struct zone *zone)
ClearPageNosaveFree(page);
}

- for (order = MAX_ORDER - 1; order >= 0; --order)
- list_for_each(curr, &zone->free_area[order].free_list) {
+ for_each_rclmtype_order(t, order) {
+ list_for_each(curr, &zone->free_area[order].free_list[t]) {
unsigned long i;

pfn = page_to_pfn(list_entry(curr, struct page, lru));
for (i = 0; i < (1UL << order); i++)
SetPageNosaveFree(pfn_to_page(pfn + i));
}
+ }

spin_unlock_irqrestore(&zone->lock, flags);
}
@@ -864,7 +926,7 @@ again:
local_irq_save(flags);
if (!pcp->count) {
pcp->count += rmqueue_bulk(zone, 0,
- pcp->batch, &pcp->list);
+ pcp->batch, &pcp->list, gfp_flags);
if (unlikely(!pcp->count))
goto failed;
}
@@ -873,7 +935,7 @@ again:
pcp->count--;
} else {
spin_lock_irqsave(&zone->lock, flags);
- page = __rmqueue(zone, order);
+ page = __rmqueue(zone, order, gfp_flags);
spin_unlock(&zone->lock);
if (!page)
goto failed;
@@ -1782,6 +1844,7 @@ void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned
init_page_count(page);
reset_page_mapcount(page);
SetPageReserved(page);
+ SetPageEasyRclm(page);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&page->lru);
#ifdef WANT_PAGE_VIRTUAL
/* The shift won't overflow because ZONE_NORMAL is below 4G. */
@@ -1797,9 +1860,9 @@ void __meminit memmap_init_zone(unsigned
void zone_init_free_lists(struct pglist_data *pgdat, struct zone *zone,
unsigned long size)
{
- int order;
- for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER ; order++) {
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&zone->free_area[order].free_list);
+ int order, rclmtype;
+ for_each_rclmtype_order(rclmtype, order) {
+ INIT_LIST_HEAD(&zone->free_area[order].free_list[rclmtype]);
zone->free_area[order].nr_free = 0;
}
}
-
To unsubscribe from this list: send the line "unsubscribe linux-kernel" in
the body of a message to majordomo@vger.kernel.org
More majordomo info at http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html
Please read the FAQ at http://www.tux.org/lkml/
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2006-09-07 21:07    [W:0.085 / U:24.540 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site