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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/4] net: VM deadlock avoidance framework
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On Fri, August 25, 2006 17:39, Peter Zijlstra said:
> @@ -282,7 +282,8 @@ struct sk_buff {
> nfctinfo:3;
> __u8 pkt_type:3,
> fclone:2,
> - ipvs_property:1;
> + ipvs_property:1,
> + emerg:1;
> __be16 protocol;

Why not 'emergency'? Looks like 'emerge' with a typo now. ;-)


> @@ -391,6 +391,7 @@ enum sock_flags {
> SOCK_RCVTSTAMP, /* %SO_TIMESTAMP setting */
> SOCK_LOCALROUTE, /* route locally only, %SO_DONTROUTE setting */
> SOCK_QUEUE_SHRUNK, /* write queue has been shrunk recently */
> + SOCK_VMIO, /* promise to never block on receive */

It might be used for IO related to the VM, but that doesn't tell _what_ it does.
It also does much more than just not blocking on receive, so overal, aren't
both the vmio name and the comment slightly misleading?


> +static inline int emerg_rx_pages_try_inc(void)
> +{
> + return atomic_read(&vmio_socks) &&
> + atomic_add_unless(&emerg_rx_pages_used, 1, RX_RESERVE_PAGES);
> +}

It looks cleaner to move that first check to the caller, as it is often
redundant and in the other cases makes it more clear what the caller is
really doing.


> @@ -82,6 +82,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(zone_table);
>
> static char *zone_names[MAX_NR_ZONES] = { "DMA", "DMA32", "Normal", "HighMem" };
> int min_free_kbytes = 1024;
> +int var_free_kbytes;

Using var_free_pages makes the code slightly simpler, as all that needless
convertion isn't needed anymore. Perhaps the same is true for min_free_kbytes...


> +noskb:
> + /* Attempt emergency allocation when RX skb. */
> + if (!(flags & SKB_ALLOC_RX))
> + goto out;

So only incoming skb allocation is guaranteed? What about outgoing skbs?
What am I missing? Or can we sleep then, and increasing var_free_kbytes is
sufficient to guarantee it?


> +
> + if (size + sizeof(struct skb_shared_info) > PAGE_SIZE)
> + goto out;
> +
> + if (!emerg_rx_pages_try_inc())
> + goto out;
> +
> + skb = (void *)__get_free_page(gfp_mask | __GFP_EMERG);
> + if (!skb) {
> + WARN_ON(1); /* we were promised memory but didn't get it? */
> + goto dec_out;
> + }
> +
> + if (!emerg_rx_pages_try_inc())
> + goto skb_free_out;
> +
> + data = (void *)__get_free_page(gfp_mask | __GFP_EMERG);
> + if (!data) {
> + WARN_ON(1); /* we were promised memory but didn't get it? */
> + emerg_rx_pages_dec();
> +skb_free_out:
> + free_page((unsigned long)skb);
> + skb = NULL;
> +dec_out:
> + emerg_rx_pages_dec();
> + goto out;
> + }
> +
> + cache = NULL;
> + goto allocated;
> }
>
> /**
> @@ -267,7 +304,7 @@ struct sk_buff *__netdev_alloc_skb(struc
> {
> struct sk_buff *skb;
>
> - skb = alloc_skb(length + NET_SKB_PAD, gfp_mask);
> + skb = __alloc_skb(length + NET_SKB_PAD, gfp_mask, SKB_ALLOC_RX);
> if (likely(skb)) {
> skb_reserve(skb, NET_SKB_PAD);
> skb->dev = dev;
> @@ -315,10 +352,20 @@ static void skb_release_data(struct sk_b
> if (skb_shinfo(skb)->frag_list)
> skb_drop_fraglist(skb);
>
> - kfree(skb->head);
> + if (skb->emerg) {
> + free_page((unsigned long)skb->head);
> + emerg_rx_pages_dec();
> + } else
> + kfree(skb->head);
> }
> }
>
> +static void emerg_free_skb(struct kmem_cache *cache, void *objp)
> +{
> + free_page((unsigned long)objp);
> + emerg_rx_pages_dec();
> +}
> +
> /*
> * Free an skbuff by memory without cleaning the state.
> */
> @@ -326,17 +373,21 @@ void kfree_skbmem(struct sk_buff *skb)
> {
> struct sk_buff *other;
> atomic_t *fclone_ref;
> + void (*free_skb)(struct kmem_cache *, void *);
>
> skb_release_data(skb);
> +
> + free_skb = skb->emerg ? emerg_free_skb : kmem_cache_free;
> +
> switch (skb->fclone) {
> case SKB_FCLONE_UNAVAILABLE:
> - kmem_cache_free(skbuff_head_cache, skb);
> + free_skb(skbuff_head_cache, skb);
> break;
>
> case SKB_FCLONE_ORIG:
> fclone_ref = (atomic_t *) (skb + 2);
> if (atomic_dec_and_test(fclone_ref))
> - kmem_cache_free(skbuff_fclone_cache, skb);
> + free_skb(skbuff_fclone_cache, skb);
> break;
>
> case SKB_FCLONE_CLONE:
> @@ -349,7 +400,7 @@ void kfree_skbmem(struct sk_buff *skb)
> skb->fclone = SKB_FCLONE_UNAVAILABLE;
>
> if (atomic_dec_and_test(fclone_ref))
> - kmem_cache_free(skbuff_fclone_cache, other);
> + free_skb(skbuff_fclone_cache, other);
> break;
> };
> }

I don't have the original code in front of me, but isn't it possible to
add a "goto free" which has all the freeing in one place? That would get
rid of the function pointer stuff and emerg_free_skb.


> @@ -435,6 +486,17 @@ struct sk_buff *skb_clone(struct sk_buff
> atomic_t *fclone_ref = (atomic_t *) (n + 1);
> n->fclone = SKB_FCLONE_CLONE;
> atomic_inc(fclone_ref);
> + } else if (skb->emerg) {
> + if (!emerg_rx_pages_try_inc())
> + return NULL;
> +
> + n = (void *)__get_free_page(gfp_mask | __GFP_EMERG);
> + if (!n) {
> + WARN_ON(1);
> + emerg_rx_pages_dec();
> + return NULL;
> + }
> + n->fclone = SKB_FCLONE_UNAVAILABLE;
> } else {
> n = kmem_cache_alloc(skbuff_head_cache, gfp_mask);
> if (!n)
> @@ -470,6 +532,7 @@ struct sk_buff *skb_clone(struct sk_buff
> #if defined(CONFIG_IP_VS) || defined(CONFIG_IP_VS_MODULE)
> C(ipvs_property);
> #endif
> + C(emerg);
> C(protocol);
> n->destructor = NULL;
> #ifdef CONFIG_NETFILTER
> @@ -690,7 +753,21 @@ int pskb_expand_head(struct sk_buff *skb
>
> size = SKB_DATA_ALIGN(size);
>
> - data = kmalloc(size + sizeof(struct skb_shared_info), gfp_mask);
> + if (skb->emerg) {
> + if (size + sizeof(struct skb_shared_info) > PAGE_SIZE)
> + goto nodata;
> +
> + if (!emerg_rx_pages_try_inc())
> + goto nodata;
> +
> + data = (void *)__get_free_page(gfp_mask | __GFP_EMERG);
> + if (!data) {
> + WARN_ON(1);
> + emerg_rx_pages_dec();
> + goto nodata;
> + }

There seems to be some pattern occuring here, what about a new function?

Are these functions only called for incoming skbs? If not, calling
emerg_rx_pages_try_inc() is the wrong thing to do. A quick search says
they aren't. Add a RX check? Or is that fixed by SKB_FCLONE_UNAVAILABLE?
If so, why are skb_clone() and pskb_expand_head() modified at all?
(Probably ignorance on my end.)


> + } else
> + data = kmalloc(size + sizeof(struct skb_shared_info), gfp_mask);
> if (!data)
> goto nodata;
>
> Index: linux-2.6/net/ipv4/icmp.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/net/ipv4/icmp.c
> +++ linux-2.6/net/ipv4/icmp.c
> @@ -938,6 +938,9 @@ int icmp_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)
> goto error;
> }
>
> + if (unlikely(skb->emerg))
> + goto drop;
> +
> if (!pskb_pull(skb, sizeof(struct icmphdr)))
> goto error;
>
> Index: linux-2.6/net/ipv4/tcp_ipv4.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/net/ipv4/tcp_ipv4.c
> +++ linux-2.6/net/ipv4/tcp_ipv4.c
> @@ -1093,6 +1093,9 @@ int tcp_v4_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)
> if (!sk)
> goto no_tcp_socket;
>
> + if (unlikely(skb->emerg && !sk_is_vmio(sk)))
> + goto discard_and_relse;
> +
> process:
> if (sk->sk_state == TCP_TIME_WAIT)
> goto do_time_wait;
> Index: linux-2.6/net/ipv4/udp.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/net/ipv4/udp.c
> +++ linux-2.6/net/ipv4/udp.c
> @@ -1136,7 +1136,12 @@ int udp_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)
> sk = udp_v4_lookup(saddr, uh->source, daddr, uh->dest, skb->dev->ifindex);
>
> if (sk != NULL) {
> - int ret = udp_queue_rcv_skb(sk, skb);
> + int ret;
> +
> + if (unlikely(skb->emerg && !sk_is_vmio(sk)))
> + goto drop_noncritical;
> +
> + ret = udp_queue_rcv_skb(sk, skb);
> sock_put(sk);
>
> /* a return value > 0 means to resubmit the input, but
> @@ -1147,6 +1152,7 @@ int udp_rcv(struct sk_buff *skb)
> return 0;
> }
>
> +drop_noncritical:
> if (!xfrm4_policy_check(NULL, XFRM_POLICY_IN, skb))
> goto drop;
> nf_reset(skb);
> Index: linux-2.6/net/ipv4/af_inet.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/net/ipv4/af_inet.c
> +++ linux-2.6/net/ipv4/af_inet.c
> @@ -132,6 +132,9 @@ void inet_sock_destruct(struct sock *sk)
> {
> struct inet_sock *inet = inet_sk(sk);
>
> + if (sk_is_vmio(sk))
> + sk_clear_vmio(sk);
> +
> __skb_queue_purge(&sk->sk_receive_queue);
> __skb_queue_purge(&sk->sk_error_queue);
>
> Index: linux-2.6/net/core/sock.c
> ===================================================================
> --- linux-2.6.orig/net/core/sock.c
> +++ linux-2.6/net/core/sock.c
> @@ -111,6 +111,7 @@
> #include <linux/poll.h>
> #include <linux/tcp.h>
> #include <linux/init.h>
> +#include <linux/blkdev.h>
>
> #include <asm/uaccess.h>
> #include <asm/system.h>
> @@ -195,6 +196,102 @@ __u32 sysctl_rmem_default = SK_RMEM_MAX;
> /* Maximal space eaten by iovec or ancilliary data plus some space */
> int sysctl_optmem_max = sizeof(unsigned long)*(2*UIO_MAXIOV + 512);
>
> +static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(memalloc_lock);
> +static int memalloc_reserve;
> +static unsigned int vmio_request_queues;
> +
> +atomic_t vmio_socks;
> +atomic_t emerg_rx_pages_used;
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(vmio_socks);
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(emerg_rx_pages_used);
> +
> +/**
> + * sk_adjust_memalloc - adjust the global memalloc reserve for critical RX
> + * @nr_socks: number of new %SOCK_VMIO sockets

I don't see a parameter named nr_socks? request_queues isn't docuemnted?

> + *
> + * This function adjusts the memalloc reserve based on system demand.
> + * For each %SOCK_VMIO socket this device will reserve enough
> + * to send a few large packets (64k) at a time: %TX_RESERVE_PAGES.
> + *
> + * Assumption:
> + * - each %SOCK_VMIO socket will have a %request_queue associated.

If this is assumed, then why is the request_queue parameter needed?

> + *
> + * NOTE:
> + * %TX_RESERVE_PAGES is an upper-bound of memory used for TX hence
> + * we need not account the pages like we do for %RX_RESERVE_PAGES.
> + *
> + * On top of this comes a one time charge of:
> + * %RX_RESERVE_PAGES pages -
> + * number of pages alloted for emergency skb service to critical
> + * sockets.
> + */
> +int sk_adjust_memalloc(int socks, int request_queues)
> +{
> + unsigned long flags;
> + int reserve;
> + int nr_socks;
> + int err;
> +
> + spin_lock_irqsave(&memalloc_lock, flags);
> +
> + atomic_add(socks, &vmio_socks);
> + nr_socks = atomic_read(&vmio_socks);

nr_socks = atomic_add_return(socks, &vmio_socks);

> + BUG_ON(socks < 0);

Shouldn't this be nr_socks < 0?

> + vmio_request_queues += request_queues;
> +
> + reserve = vmio_request_queues * TX_RESERVE_PAGES + /* outbound */
> + (!!socks) * RX_RESERVE_PAGES; /* inbound */

If the assumption that each VMIO socket will have a request_queue associated
is true, then we only need to check if vmio_request_queues !=0, right?

> +
> + err = adjust_memalloc_reserve(reserve - memalloc_reserve);
> + if (err) {
> + printk(KERN_WARNING
> + "Unable to change reserve to: %d pages, error: %d\n",
> + reserve, err);
> + goto unlock;
> + }
> + memalloc_reserve = reserve;
> +
> +unlock:
> + spin_unlock_irqrestore(&memalloc_lock, flags);
> + return err;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sk_adjust_memalloc);

You can get rid of the memalloc_reserve and vmio_request_queues variables
if you want, they aren't really needed for anything. If using them reduces
the total code size I'd keep them though.

int sk_adjust_memalloc(int socks, int request_queues)
{
unsigned long flags;
int reserve;
int nr_socks;
int err;
spin_lock_irqsave(&memalloc_lock, flags);

nr_socks = atomic_add_return(socks, &vmio_socks);
BUG_ON(nr_socks < 0);

reserve = request_queues * TX_RESERVE_PAGES; /* outbound */
/* Check if this were the first socks: */
if (nr_socks - socks == 0)
reserve += RX_RESERVE_PAGES; /* inbound */
/* Or the last: */
else if (nr_socks == 0)
reserve -= RX_RESERVE_PAGES;
err = adjust_memalloc_reserve(reserve);
if (err) {
printk(KERN_WARNING
"Unable to adjust reserve by %d pages, error: %d\n",
reserve, err);
goto unlock;
}
unlock:
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&memalloc_lock, flags);
return err;
}
> +
> +/**
> + * sk_set_vmio - sets %SOCK_VMIO
> + * @sk: socket to set it on
> + *
> + * Set %SOCK_VMIO on a socket and increase the memalloc reserve
> + * accordingly.
> + */
> +int sk_set_vmio(struct sock *sk)
> +{
> + int err = 0;
> +
> + if (!sock_flag(sk, SOCK_VMIO) &&
> + !(err = sk_adjust_memalloc(1, 0))) {
> + sock_set_flag(sk, SOCK_VMIO);
> + sk->sk_allocation |= __GFP_EMERG;
> + }
> +
> + return err;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sk_set_vmio);
> +
> +int sk_clear_vmio(struct sock *sk)
> +{
> + int err = 0;
> +
> + if (sock_flag(sk, SOCK_VMIO) &&
> + !(err = sk_adjust_memalloc(-1, 0))) {
> + sock_reset_flag(sk, SOCK_VMIO);
> + sk->sk_allocation &= ~__GFP_EMERG;
> + }
> +
> + return err;
> +}
> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(sk_clear_vmio);

It seems wiser to always reset the flags, even if sk_adjust_memalloc fails.

This patch looks much better than the previous one, not much cruft left.

Greetings,

Indan


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