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SubjectRe: [PATCH] NFS: Revalidate on readdir referring to null dentry
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On Wed, 2006-08-16 at 16:15 +0100, David Howells wrote:
> Andrew Morton <akpm@osdl.org> wrote:
>
> > This kernel breaks autofs /net handling. Bisection shows that the bug is
> > introduced by git-nfs.patch.
>
> Does this patch fix your problem?
>
> David
> ---
> NFS: Revalidate on readdir referring to null dentry
>
> From: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
>
> Have nfs_readdir_lookup() force dentry revalidation when it comes across a
> name specified by a READDIR RPC call that corresponds to a negative dentry in
> the dcache.
>
> This can be caused by an optimisation in nfs_lookup() that causes a dentry to
> be incorrectly left as negative when mkdir() or similar is aborted by SELinux
> mid-procedure.
>
> This can be triggered by mounting through autofs4 a server:/ NFS share for
> which there are other exports available on that server. SELinux also has to
> be turned on in enforcing mode to abort mid-flow the mkdir operation performed
> by autofs4.
>
> The problematic sequence of events is this:
>
> (1) nfs_lookup() is called by sys_mkdirat() -> lookup_create() ->
> __lookup_hash() with intent to create exclusively set in the nameidata:
>
> nd->flags == LOOKUP_CREATE
> nd->intent.open.flags == O_EXCL
>
> (2) nfs_lookup() has an optimisation to avoid going to the server in this
> case, presumably since the nfs_mkdir() op or whatever will deal with the
> conflict.
>
> (3) nfs_lookup() returns successfully, leaving the dentry in a negative state,
> but attached to the parent directory.
>
> (4) sys_mkdirat() calls vfs_mkdir() which calls may_create(). may_create()
> checks that the directory has MAY_WRITE and MAY_EXEC permissions.
>
> (5) may_create() calls nfs_permission(), which grants permission.
>
> (6) may_create() calls security_inode_permission(), which calls SELinux, which
> then _DENIES_ permission.
>
> (7) may_create() fails, and vfs_mkdir() then fails and sys_mkdirat() then
> fails (as does sys_mkdir).
>
> _However_, the new dentry is left in the negative state, with no
> consultation of the server.
>
> (8) The parent directory is listed, and the name of the new dentry is
> returned.
>
> (9) stat on the new dentry fails (because it's negative), and "ls -l" returns
> "?---------" as the file type and mode.
>
> This fix makes step (8) cause a revalidation to occur on the dentry at the
> start of step (9).
>
> Signed-Off-By: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
> ---
>
> fs/nfs/dir.c | 16 +++++++++++++++-
> include/linux/dcache.h | 5 +++++
> 2 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 1 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/fs/nfs/dir.c b/fs/nfs/dir.c
> index e746ed1..901b382 100644
> --- a/fs/nfs/dir.c
> +++ b/fs/nfs/dir.c
> @@ -745,6 +745,13 @@ static int nfs_lookup_revalidate(struct
> nfs_inc_stats(dir, NFSIOS_DENTRYREVALIDATE);
> inode = dentry->d_inode;
>
> + if (dentry->d_flags & DCACHE_NEED_REVALIDATE) {

This flag is redundant. There already exist methods for determining if a
dentry needs revalidation by means of the nfs_*_verifier() functions. If
you want to force a dentry lookup upon next revalidation, then add
something like

void nfs_dentry_force_revalidate(struct inode *dir, struct dentry *dentry)
{
nfs_set_verifier(dentry, nfs_save_change_attribute(dir) - 1);
}

Better still, in the case of a negative dentry: just call d_drop().

Cheers,
Trond

> + spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
> + dentry->d_flags &= ~DCACHE_NEED_REVALIDATE;
> + spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
> + goto out_bad;
> + }
> +
> if (!inode) {
> if (nfs_neg_need_reval(dir, dentry, nd))
> goto out_bad;
> @@ -1105,8 +1112,15 @@ static struct dentry *nfs_readdir_lookup
> }
> name.hash = full_name_hash(name.name, name.len);
> dentry = d_lookup(parent, &name);
> - if (dentry != NULL)
> + if (dentry != NULL) {
> + /* negative dentries must be reconsidered */
> + if (!IS_ERR(dentry) && !dentry->d_inode) {
> + spin_lock(&dentry->d_lock);
> + dentry->d_flags |= DCACHE_NEED_REVALIDATE;
> + spin_unlock(&dentry->d_lock);
> + }
> return dentry;
> + }
> if (!desc->plus || !(entry->fattr->valid & NFS_ATTR_FATTR))
> return NULL;
> /* Note: caller is already holding the dir->i_mutex! */
> diff --git a/include/linux/dcache.h b/include/linux/dcache.h
> index 63f64a9..c401a7d 100644
> --- a/include/linux/dcache.h
> +++ b/include/linux/dcache.h
> @@ -176,6 +176,11 @@ #define DCACHE_UNHASHED 0x0010
>
> #define DCACHE_INOTIFY_PARENT_WATCHED 0x0020 /* Parent inode is watched */
>
> +#define DCACHE_NEED_REVALIDATE 0x0040
> + /* Dentry needs revalidation by filesystem. Set by NFS, for example,
> + * when we see in a directory listing a file for which we have a
> + * negative dentry */
> +
> extern spinlock_t dcache_lock;
>
> /**

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