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SubjectRe: Merge of per task delay accounting (was Re: 2.6.18 -mm merge plans)
Balbir Singh wrote:
> Andrew Morton wrote:
>> per-task-delay-accounting-setup.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-setup-fix-1.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-setup-fix-2.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-sync-block-i-o-and-swapin-delay-collection.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-sync-block-i-o-and-swapin-delay-collection-fix-1.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-cpu-delay-collection-via-schedstats.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-cpu-delay-collection-via-schedstats-fix-1.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-utilities-for-genetlink-usage.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-taskstats-interface.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-taskstats-interface-fix-1.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-taskstats-interface-fix-2.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-delay-accounting-usage-of-taskstats-interface.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-delay-accounting-usage-of-taskstats-interface-use-portable-cputime-api-in-__delayacct_add_tsk.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-documentation.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-proc-export-of-aggregated-block-i-o-delays.patch
>> per-task-delay-accounting-proc-export-of-aggregated-block-i-o-delays-warning-fix.patch
>> I just don't know. There are a number of groups who pop up with various
>> enhanced accounting requirements and patches (all quite different) but I
>> haven't heard a lot of enthusiasm from any of them over this work, which
>> attempts to provide an extensible framework for accumulation and
>> querying
>> of per-task metrics.
>> But then again, we cannot just sit there and wait for everyone to be
>> 100%
>> happy. So I'm 51% inclined to push this along.
>> Anyone else who has an interest in this sort of thing needs to be aware
>> that there will be an expectation that any future statistics submissions
>> should use these interfaces. So the time to pay attention is right now.
> Hi, Andrew,
> Here is a brief summary of the status of the response we have received from
> the stakeholders (some of it has been duplicated in previous postings)
> Project Response
> 1. CSA accounting/PAGG/JOB: Has agreed to use taskstats
> Jay Lan <> interface
> 2. per-process IO statistics: None
> Levent Serinol <> Needs are subset of CSA
> 3. per-cpu time statistics: None (email bounced)
> Erich Focht <> Needs can be met by taskstats
> Statistics not yet submitted
> 4. Microstate accounting: None
> Peter Chubb <> overlap with delay accounting
> prefers /proc due to
> convenience
> taskstats can meet the needs
> 5. ELSA: Guillaume Thouvenin None
> <> ELSA is not a direct user
> of new kernel statistics
> Consumer of CSA/BSD
> accounting
> statistics
> 6. pnotify: Jes Sorensen <> None
> (taken over pnotify from Erik Jacobson) Informed over private email
> that pnotify replacement is
> being worked on. pnotify
> or its replacement will
> not be concerned with
> exporting data to user space
> or collecting any statistics.
> 7. Scalable statistics counters with /proc Not working on it
> reporting: anymore
> Ravikiran G Thirumalai,
> Dipankar Sarma <>
> Studying the responses from all stake holders, Jay Lan's was the most
> encouraging. Peter Chubb prefers the /proc interface due to the text
> interface
> and ease of parsing. (in our opinion, taskstats can meet the needs easily
> and the getdelays utility can provide the same ease for parsing).
> The others did not respond.
> Some performance numbers of taskstats were posted at
> The result highlights are included
> below
> Results highlights
> - Configuring delay accounting adds < 0.5%
> overhead in most cases and even reduces overhead
> in some cases
> - Enabling delay accounting has similar results
> with a maximum overhead of 1.2% for hackbench,
> most other overheads < 1% and reduction in
> overhead in some cases
> These statistics are _per task_ and can be extended easily by anyone
> who wishes to obtain per task data. An example of per task improved
> scheduler statistics was mentioned in
> (I am not sure if the email refers to our per-task statistics). If not,
> the new statistics could easily use the taskstats interface.
> These statistics can be used by software product stacks to monitor
> usage information about the various tasks they create and control.
> I also informally spoke to a group of students (verbally), who were
> excited at the possibility of using the per-task statistics to do
> dynamic deadline based power management. They want to use the delay data
> (CPU and IO) to predict deadlines for a task and then use these results
> for dynamically scaling CPU frequency.
> The ability to monitor the CPU run and delay data and IO delay data is
> useful.
> I would request you to consider the inclusion per-task delay accounting
> into
> 2.6.18.


The only other new set of patches to be discussed in this context are the
statistics-infrastructure patches from Martin Peschke.

That infrastructure cannot meet the needs of delay accounting, CSA etc. because
- it only provides "user pull" model of getting stats whereas "kernel push" is
needed for delay accounting
- it uses a relatively slow interface unsuitable for high volumes of data. Each
statistic has its own definition, needs to be read separately using ASCII,
reading data continuously means open/read/close each time.....all of
which is not very conducive to large structures being sent to userspace.
- its oriented towards sampled data whereas taskstats isn't.

So, we have a good consensus from existing/potential users of taskstats and would
very much appreciate it being included in 2.6.18.


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